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9.11 Resource RiskAssessment - Content

Clinical Decision Support Work Group Maturity Level : 1   Trial Use Security Category : Patient Compartments : Device , Patient , Practitioner

An assessment of the likely outcome(s) for a patient or other subject as well as the likelihood of each outcome.

This resource is an event resource from a FHIR workflow perspective - see Workflow , specifically Event .

This resource captures predicted outcomes for a patient or population on the basis of source information. Examples include:

  • A prognosis statement for a particular condition
  • Risk of health outcome (heart attack, particular type of cancer) on the basis of lifestyle factors and/or family history
  • List of potential health risks based on a patient's genetic analysis
  • A prediction of outbreak infection rates within a geography based on immunization rates

This resource can be used to represent the results of formal scoring/decision support tools that evaluate risk. It can also be used to capture a practitioner's subjective assessment of the patient's risk based on existing knowledge and previous experience.

Risk assessments are a specialized type of observation. We use a A specialized resource is used to provide a simpler mechanism to capture of a series of risks and to associate those risks with time-ranges, probabilities, etc. All risk assertions are captured at one time based on a single set of source inputs. Capture of a single risk MAY be done using the Observation class, particularly in circumstances where it's treated as a generic observation, but for consistency, all risk assessments and prognosis SHOULD be captured using RiskAssessment .

Risk assessments may be based on a variety of factors, including:

Because so many resources can potentially be used, no limit is placed on what resources can be sent in RiskAssessment.basis . However, some resources would be nonsensical for this use (e.g. MessageHeader ).

AllergyIntolerance and RiskAssessment

AllergyIntolerance describes a specific type of risk - propensity to reaction to a substance while RiskAssessment describes general risks to a subject, not generally based on a reaction.

Risk Assessments can be determined manually by health-care providers based on their professional expertise, by using an algorithmic scoring system or through a combination. Risk assessments can also be computed by decision support systems. OperationDefinitions may be defined by servers to generate risk assessments based on particular combinations of source resources or other inputs.

This resource is referenced by ClinicalImpression and Goal .

This resource implements the Event pattern.

Structure

Name Flags Card. Type Description & Constraints doco
. . RiskAssessment TU DomainResource Potential outcomes for a subject with likelihood
Elements defined in Ancestors: id , meta , implicitRules , language , text , contained , extension , modifierExtension
. . . identifier Σ 0..1 0..* Identifier Unique identifier for the assessment
. . . basedOn 0..1 Reference ( Any ) Request fulfilled by this assessment
. . . parent 0..1 Reference ( Any ) Part of this occurrence
. . . status Σ 1..1 code registered | preliminary | final | amended +
ObservationStatus ( Required )
. . . method Σ 0..1 CodeableConcept Evaluation mechanism
. . . code Σ 0..1 CodeableConcept Type of assessment
. . . subject Σ 0..1 1..1 Reference ( Patient | Group ) Who/what does assessment apply to?
. . . context encounter Σ 0..1 Reference ( Encounter | EpisodeOfCare ) Where was assessment performed?
. . . occurrence[x] Σ 0..1 When was assessment made?
. . . . occurrenceDateTime dateTime
. . . . occurrencePeriod Period
. . . condition Σ 0..1 Reference ( Condition ) Condition assessed
. . . performer Σ 0..1 Reference ( Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Device ) Who did assessment?
. . reason[x] . reasonCode 0..1 0..* CodeableConcept Why the assessment was necessary?
. . reasonCodeableConcept CodeableConcept . reasonReference reasonReference 0..* Reference ( Any Condition | Observation | DiagnosticReport | DocumentReference ) Why the assessment was necessary?
. . . basis 0..* Reference ( Any ) Information used in assessment
. . . prediction I 0..* BackboneElement Outcome predicted
+ Rule: Must be <= 100
. . . . outcome 1..1 0..1 CodeableConcept Possible outcome for the subject
. . . . probability[x] I 0..1 Likelihood of specified outcome
+ Rule: low and high must be percentages, if present
. . . . . probabilityDecimal decimal
. . . . . probabilityRange Range
. . . . qualitativeRisk 0..1 CodeableConcept Likelihood of specified outcome as a qualitative value
Risk Probability ( Example )
. . . . relativeRisk 0..1 decimal Relative likelihood
. . . . when[x] 0..1 Timeframe or age range
. . . . . whenPeriod Period
. . . . . whenRange Range
. . . . rationale 0..1 string Explanation of prediction
. . . mitigation 0..1 string How to reduce risk
. . comment . note 0..1 0..* string Annotation Comments on the risk assessment

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram ( Legend )

RiskAssessment ( DomainResource ) Business identifier assigned to the risk assessment identifier : Identifier [0..1] [0..*] A reference to the request that is fulfilled by this risk assessment basedOn : Reference [0..1] « Any » A reference to a resource that this risk assessment is part of, such as a Procedure parent : Reference [0..1] « Any » The status of the RiskAssessment, using the same statuses as an Observation status : code [1..1] « The status of the risk assessment; e.g. preliminary, final, amended, etc. (Strength=Required) ObservationStatus ! » The algorithm, process or mechanism used to evaluate the risk method : CodeableConcept [0..1] The type of the risk assessment performed code : CodeableConcept [0..1] The patient or group the risk assessment applies to subject : Reference [0..1] [1..1] « Patient | Group » The encounter where the assessment was performed context encounter : Reference [0..1] « Encounter | EpisodeOfCare » The date (and possibly time) the risk assessment was performed occurrence[x] : Type [0..1] « dateTime | Period » For assessments or prognosis specific to a particular condition, indicates the condition being assessed condition : Reference [0..1] « Condition » The provider or software application that performed the assessment performer : Reference [0..1] « Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Device » The reason the risk assessment was performed reason[x] reasonCode : Type [0..1] CodeableConcept | [0..*] Resources supporting the reason the risk assessment was performed reasonReference : Reference ( Any [0..*] « Condition ) | Observation | DiagnosticReport | DocumentReference » Indicates the source data considered as part of the assessment (FamilyHistory, (for example, FamilyHistory, Observations, Procedures, Conditions, etc.) basis : Reference [0..*] « Any » A description of the steps that might be taken to reduce the identified risk(s) mitigation : string [0..1] Additional comments about the risk assessment comment note : string Annotation [0..1] [0..*] Prediction One of the potential outcomes for the patient (e.g. remission, death, a particular condition) outcome : CodeableConcept [1..1] [0..1] How Indicates how likely is the outcome is (in the specified timeframe) probability[x] : Type [0..1] « decimal | Range » How Indicates how likely is the outcome is (in the specified timeframe), expressed as a qualitative value (e.g. low, medium, or high) qualitativeRisk : CodeableConcept [0..1] « The likelihood of the occurrence of a specified outcome outcome. (Strength=Example) Risk Probability RiskProbability ?? » Indicates the risk for this particular subject (with their specific characteristics) divided by the risk of the population in general. (Numbers greater than 1 = higher risk than the population, numbers less than 1 = lower risk.) relativeRisk : decimal [0..1] Indicates the period of time or age range of the subject to which the specified probability applies when[x] : Type [0..1] « Period | Range » Additional information explaining the basis for the prediction rationale : string [0..1] Describes the expected outcome for the subject prediction [0..*]

XML Template

<RiskAssessment xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <</identifier>

 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Unique identifier for the assessment --></identifier>

 <basedOn><!-- 0..1 Reference(Any) Request fulfilled by this assessment --></basedOn>
 <parent><!-- 0..1 Reference(Any) Part of this occurrence --></parent>
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 registered | preliminary | final | amended + -->
 <method><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Evaluation mechanism --></method>
 <code><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Type of assessment --></code>
 <</subject>
 <</context>

 <subject><!-- 1..1 Reference(Group|Patient) Who/what does assessment apply to? --></subject>
 <encounter><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter) Where was assessment performed? --></encounter>

 <occurrence[x]><!-- 0..1 dateTime|Period When was assessment made? --></occurrence[x]>
 <condition><!-- 0..1 Reference(Condition) Condition assessed --></condition>
 <</performer>
 <</reason[x]>
 <</basis>

 <performer><!-- 0..1 Reference(Device|Practitioner|PractitionerRole) Who did assessment? --></performer>
 <reasonCode><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Why the assessment was necessary? --></reasonCode>
 <reasonReference><!-- 0..* Reference(Condition|DiagnosticReport|
   DocumentReference|Observation) Why the assessment was necessary? --></reasonReference>
 <basis><!-- 0..* Reference(Any) Information used in assessment --></basis>

 <prediction>  <!-- 0..* Outcome predicted -->
  <</outcome>
  <</probability[x]>
  <</qualitativeRisk>

  <outcome><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Possible outcome for the subject --></outcome>
  <probability[x]><!-- 0..1 decimal|Range Likelihood of specified outcome --></probability[x]>
  <qualitativeRisk><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Likelihood of specified outcome as a qualitative value --></qualitativeRisk>

  <relativeRisk value="[decimal]"/><!-- 0..1 Relative likelihood -->
  <when[x]><!-- 0..1 Period|Range Timeframe or age range --></when[x]>
  <rationale value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Explanation of prediction -->
 </prediction>
 <mitigation value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 How to reduce risk -->
 <

 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Comments on the risk assessment --></note>

</RiskAssessment>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "RiskAssessment",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "

  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // Unique identifier for the assessment

  "basedOn" : { Reference(Any) }, // Request fulfilled by this assessment
  "parent" : { Reference(Any) }, // Part of this occurrence
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  registered | preliminary | final | amended +
  "method" : { CodeableConcept }, // Evaluation mechanism
  "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // Type of assessment
  "
  "

  "subject" : { Reference(Group|Patient) }, // R!  Who/what does assessment apply to?
  "encounter" : { Reference(Encounter) }, // Where was assessment performed?

  // occurrence[x]: When was assessment made?. One of these 2:
  "occurrenceDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "occurrencePeriod" : { Period },
  "condition" : { Reference(Condition) }, // Condition assessed
  "
  
  " },
  " },
  "

  "performer" : { Reference(Device|Practitioner|PractitionerRole) }, // Who did assessment?
  "reasonCode" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Why the assessment was necessary?
  "reasonReference" : [{ Reference(Condition|DiagnosticReport|
   DocumentReference|Observation) }], // Why the assessment was necessary?
  "basis" : [{ Reference(Any) }], // Information used in assessment

  "prediction" : [{ // Outcome predicted
    "

    "outcome" : { CodeableConcept }, // Possible outcome for the subject

    // probability[x]: Likelihood of specified outcome. One of these 2:
    ">,
    " },
    "

    "probabilityDecimal" : <decimal>,
    "probabilityRange" : { Range },
    "qualitativeRisk" : { CodeableConcept }, // Likelihood of specified outcome as a qualitative value

    "relativeRisk" : <decimal>, // Relative likelihood
    // when[x]: Timeframe or age range. One of these 2:
    "whenPeriod" : { Period },
    "whenRange" : { Range },
    "rationale" : "<string>" // Explanation of prediction
  }],
  "mitigation" : "<string>", // How to reduce risk
  "

  "note" : [{ Annotation }] // Comments on the risk assessment

}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco
[ a fhir:RiskAssessment;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root
  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:

  fhir:RiskAssessment.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Unique identifier for the assessment

  fhir:RiskAssessment.basedOn [ Reference(Any) ]; # 0..1 Request fulfilled by this assessment
  fhir:RiskAssessment.parent [ Reference(Any) ]; # 0..1 Part of this occurrence
  fhir:RiskAssessment.status [ code ]; # 1..1 registered | preliminary | final | amended +
  fhir:RiskAssessment.method [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Evaluation mechanism
  fhir:RiskAssessment.code [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Type of assessment
  fhir:
  fhir:

  fhir:RiskAssessment.subject [ Reference(Group|Patient) ]; # 1..1 Who/what does assessment apply to?
  fhir:RiskAssessment.encounter [ Reference(Encounter) ]; # 0..1 Where was assessment performed?

  # RiskAssessment.occurrence[x] : 0..1 When was assessment made?. One of these 2
    fhir:RiskAssessment.occurrenceDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:RiskAssessment.occurrencePeriod [ Period ]
  fhir:RiskAssessment.condition [ Reference(Condition) ]; # 0..1 Condition assessed
  fhir:
  # . One of these 2
    fhir: ]
    fhir:) ]
  fhir:

  fhir:RiskAssessment.performer [ Reference(Device|Practitioner|PractitionerRole) ]; # 0..1 Who did assessment?
  fhir:RiskAssessment.reasonCode [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Why the assessment was necessary?
  fhir:RiskAssessment.reasonReference [ Reference(Condition|DiagnosticReport|DocumentReference|Observation) ], ... ; # 0..* Why the assessment was necessary?
  fhir:RiskAssessment.basis [ Reference(Any) ], ... ; # 0..* Information used in assessment

  fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction [ # 0..* Outcome predicted
    fhir:
    # . One of these 2
      fhir: ]
      fhir: ]
    fhir:

    fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.outcome [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Possible outcome for the subject
    # RiskAssessment.prediction.probability[x] : 0..1 Likelihood of specified outcome. One of these 2
      fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.probabilityDecimal [ decimal ]
      fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.probabilityRange [ Range ]
    fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.qualitativeRisk [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Likelihood of specified outcome as a qualitative value

    fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.relativeRisk [ decimal ]; # 0..1 Relative likelihood
    # RiskAssessment.prediction.when[x] : 0..1 Timeframe or age range. One of these 2
      fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.whenPeriod [ Period ]
      fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.whenRange [ Range ]
    fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.rationale [ string ]; # 0..1 Explanation of prediction
  ], ...;
  fhir:RiskAssessment.mitigation [ string ]; # 0..1 How to reduce risk
  fhir:

  fhir:RiskAssessment.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Comments on the risk assessment

]

Changes since DSTU2 R3

RiskAssessment RiskAssessment.basedOn Added Element RiskAssessment.parent Added Element RiskAssessment.status Added Element RiskAssessment.code Added Element
RiskAssessment.context RiskAssessment.status
  • Renamed Change value set from encounter http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-status|4.0.0 to context Add Reference(EpisodeOfCare) RiskAssessment.occurrence[x] Added Element RiskAssessment.reason[x] Added Element RiskAssessment.prediction.probability[x] Remove CodeableConcept RiskAssessment.prediction.qualitativeRisk Added Element RiskAssessment.comment Added Element RiskAssessment.date deleted http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-status|4.1.0

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON .

See R2 <--> R3 <--> R4 Conversion Maps (status = 4 tests that all execute ok. All tests pass round-trip testing and 4 3 r3 resources are invalid (4 (0 errors). ). )

Structure

Name Flags Card. Type Description & Constraints doco
. . RiskAssessment TU DomainResource Potential outcomes for a subject with likelihood
Elements defined in Ancestors: id , meta , implicitRules , language , text , contained , extension , modifierExtension
. . . identifier Σ 0..1 0..* Identifier Unique identifier for the assessment
. . . basedOn 0..1 Reference ( Any ) Request fulfilled by this assessment
. . . parent 0..1 Reference ( Any ) Part of this occurrence
. . . status Σ 1..1 code registered | preliminary | final | amended +
ObservationStatus ( Required )
. . . method Σ 0..1 CodeableConcept Evaluation mechanism
. . . code Σ 0..1 CodeableConcept Type of assessment
. . . subject Σ 0..1 1..1 Reference ( Patient | Group ) Who/what does assessment apply to?
. . . context encounter Σ 0..1 Reference ( Encounter | EpisodeOfCare ) Where was assessment performed?
. . . occurrence[x] Σ 0..1 When was assessment made?
. . . . occurrenceDateTime dateTime
. . . . occurrencePeriod Period
. . . condition Σ 0..1 Reference ( Condition ) Condition assessed
. . . performer Σ 0..1 Reference ( Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Device ) Who did assessment?
. . reason[x] . reasonCode 0..1 0..* CodeableConcept Why the assessment was necessary?
. . reasonCodeableConcept CodeableConcept . reasonReference reasonReference 0..* Reference ( Any Condition | Observation | DiagnosticReport | DocumentReference ) Why the assessment was necessary?
. . . basis 0..* Reference ( Any ) Information used in assessment
. . . prediction I 0..* BackboneElement Outcome predicted
+ Rule: Must be <= 100
. . . . outcome 1..1 0..1 CodeableConcept Possible outcome for the subject
. . . . probability[x] I 0..1 Likelihood of specified outcome
+ Rule: low and high must be percentages, if present
. . . . . probabilityDecimal decimal
. . . . . probabilityRange Range
. . . . qualitativeRisk 0..1 CodeableConcept Likelihood of specified outcome as a qualitative value
Risk Probability ( Example )
. . . . relativeRisk 0..1 decimal Relative likelihood
. . . . when[x] 0..1 Timeframe or age range
. . . . . whenPeriod Period
. . . . . whenRange Range
. . . . rationale 0..1 string Explanation of prediction
. . . mitigation 0..1 string How to reduce risk
. . comment . note 0..1 0..* string Annotation Comments on the risk assessment

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram ( Legend )

RiskAssessment ( DomainResource ) Business identifier assigned to the risk assessment identifier : Identifier [0..1] [0..*] A reference to the request that is fulfilled by this risk assessment basedOn : Reference [0..1] « Any » A reference to a resource that this risk assessment is part of, such as a Procedure parent : Reference [0..1] « Any » The status of the RiskAssessment, using the same statuses as an Observation status : code [1..1] « The status of the risk assessment; e.g. preliminary, final, amended, etc. (Strength=Required) ObservationStatus ! » The algorithm, process or mechanism used to evaluate the risk method : CodeableConcept [0..1] The type of the risk assessment performed code : CodeableConcept [0..1] The patient or group the risk assessment applies to subject : Reference [0..1] [1..1] « Patient | Group » The encounter where the assessment was performed context encounter : Reference [0..1] « Encounter | EpisodeOfCare » The date (and possibly time) the risk assessment was performed occurrence[x] : Type [0..1] « dateTime | Period » For assessments or prognosis specific to a particular condition, indicates the condition being assessed condition : Reference [0..1] « Condition » The provider or software application that performed the assessment performer : Reference [0..1] « Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Device » The reason the risk assessment was performed reason[x] reasonCode : Type [0..1] CodeableConcept | [0..*] Resources supporting the reason the risk assessment was performed reasonReference : Reference ( Any [0..*] « Condition ) | Observation | DiagnosticReport | DocumentReference » Indicates the source data considered as part of the assessment (FamilyHistory, (for example, FamilyHistory, Observations, Procedures, Conditions, etc.) basis : Reference [0..*] « Any » A description of the steps that might be taken to reduce the identified risk(s) mitigation : string [0..1] Additional comments about the risk assessment comment note : string Annotation [0..1] [0..*] Prediction One of the potential outcomes for the patient (e.g. remission, death, a particular condition) outcome : CodeableConcept [1..1] [0..1] How Indicates how likely is the outcome is (in the specified timeframe) probability[x] : Type [0..1] « decimal | Range » How Indicates how likely is the outcome is (in the specified timeframe), expressed as a qualitative value (e.g. low, medium, or high) qualitativeRisk : CodeableConcept [0..1] « The likelihood of the occurrence of a specified outcome outcome. (Strength=Example) Risk Probability RiskProbability ?? » Indicates the risk for this particular subject (with their specific characteristics) divided by the risk of the population in general. (Numbers greater than 1 = higher risk than the population, numbers less than 1 = lower risk.) relativeRisk : decimal [0..1] Indicates the period of time or age range of the subject to which the specified probability applies when[x] : Type [0..1] « Period | Range » Additional information explaining the basis for the prediction rationale : string [0..1] Describes the expected outcome for the subject prediction [0..*]

XML Template

<RiskAssessment xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <</identifier>

 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Unique identifier for the assessment --></identifier>

 <basedOn><!-- 0..1 Reference(Any) Request fulfilled by this assessment --></basedOn>
 <parent><!-- 0..1 Reference(Any) Part of this occurrence --></parent>
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 registered | preliminary | final | amended + -->
 <method><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Evaluation mechanism --></method>
 <code><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Type of assessment --></code>
 <</subject>
 <</context>

 <subject><!-- 1..1 Reference(Group|Patient) Who/what does assessment apply to? --></subject>
 <encounter><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter) Where was assessment performed? --></encounter>

 <occurrence[x]><!-- 0..1 dateTime|Period When was assessment made? --></occurrence[x]>
 <condition><!-- 0..1 Reference(Condition) Condition assessed --></condition>
 <</performer>
 <</reason[x]>
 <</basis>

 <performer><!-- 0..1 Reference(Device|Practitioner|PractitionerRole) Who did assessment? --></performer>
 <reasonCode><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Why the assessment was necessary? --></reasonCode>
 <reasonReference><!-- 0..* Reference(Condition|DiagnosticReport|
   DocumentReference|Observation) Why the assessment was necessary? --></reasonReference>
 <basis><!-- 0..* Reference(Any) Information used in assessment --></basis>

 <prediction>  <!-- 0..* Outcome predicted -->
  <</outcome>
  <</probability[x]>
  <</qualitativeRisk>

  <outcome><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Possible outcome for the subject --></outcome>
  <probability[x]><!-- 0..1 decimal|Range Likelihood of specified outcome --></probability[x]>
  <qualitativeRisk><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Likelihood of specified outcome as a qualitative value --></qualitativeRisk>

  <relativeRisk value="[decimal]"/><!-- 0..1 Relative likelihood -->
  <when[x]><!-- 0..1 Period|Range Timeframe or age range --></when[x]>
  <rationale value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Explanation of prediction -->
 </prediction>
 <mitigation value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 How to reduce risk -->
 <

 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Comments on the risk assessment --></note>

</RiskAssessment>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "RiskAssessment",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "

  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // Unique identifier for the assessment

  "basedOn" : { Reference(Any) }, // Request fulfilled by this assessment
  "parent" : { Reference(Any) }, // Part of this occurrence
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  registered | preliminary | final | amended +
  "method" : { CodeableConcept }, // Evaluation mechanism
  "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // Type of assessment
  "
  "

  "subject" : { Reference(Group|Patient) }, // R!  Who/what does assessment apply to?
  "encounter" : { Reference(Encounter) }, // Where was assessment performed?

  // occurrence[x]: When was assessment made?. One of these 2:
  "occurrenceDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "occurrencePeriod" : { Period },
  "condition" : { Reference(Condition) }, // Condition assessed
  "
  
  " },
  " },
  "

  "performer" : { Reference(Device|Practitioner|PractitionerRole) }, // Who did assessment?
  "reasonCode" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Why the assessment was necessary?
  "reasonReference" : [{ Reference(Condition|DiagnosticReport|
   DocumentReference|Observation) }], // Why the assessment was necessary?
  "basis" : [{ Reference(Any) }], // Information used in assessment

  "prediction" : [{ // Outcome predicted
    "

    "outcome" : { CodeableConcept }, // Possible outcome for the subject

    // probability[x]: Likelihood of specified outcome. One of these 2:
    ">,
    " },
    "

    "probabilityDecimal" : <decimal>,
    "probabilityRange" : { Range },
    "qualitativeRisk" : { CodeableConcept }, // Likelihood of specified outcome as a qualitative value

    "relativeRisk" : <decimal>, // Relative likelihood
    // when[x]: Timeframe or age range. One of these 2:
    "whenPeriod" : { Period },
    "whenRange" : { Range },
    "rationale" : "<string>" // Explanation of prediction
  }],
  "mitigation" : "<string>", // How to reduce risk
  "

  "note" : [{ Annotation }] // Comments on the risk assessment

}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco
[ a fhir:RiskAssessment;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root
  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:

  fhir:RiskAssessment.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Unique identifier for the assessment

  fhir:RiskAssessment.basedOn [ Reference(Any) ]; # 0..1 Request fulfilled by this assessment
  fhir:RiskAssessment.parent [ Reference(Any) ]; # 0..1 Part of this occurrence
  fhir:RiskAssessment.status [ code ]; # 1..1 registered | preliminary | final | amended +
  fhir:RiskAssessment.method [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Evaluation mechanism
  fhir:RiskAssessment.code [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Type of assessment
  fhir:
  fhir:

  fhir:RiskAssessment.subject [ Reference(Group|Patient) ]; # 1..1 Who/what does assessment apply to?
  fhir:RiskAssessment.encounter [ Reference(Encounter) ]; # 0..1 Where was assessment performed?

  # RiskAssessment.occurrence[x] : 0..1 When was assessment made?. One of these 2
    fhir:RiskAssessment.occurrenceDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:RiskAssessment.occurrencePeriod [ Period ]
  fhir:RiskAssessment.condition [ Reference(Condition) ]; # 0..1 Condition assessed
  fhir:
  # . One of these 2
    fhir: ]
    fhir:) ]
  fhir:

  fhir:RiskAssessment.performer [ Reference(Device|Practitioner|PractitionerRole) ]; # 0..1 Who did assessment?
  fhir:RiskAssessment.reasonCode [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Why the assessment was necessary?
  fhir:RiskAssessment.reasonReference [ Reference(Condition|DiagnosticReport|DocumentReference|Observation) ], ... ; # 0..* Why the assessment was necessary?
  fhir:RiskAssessment.basis [ Reference(Any) ], ... ; # 0..* Information used in assessment

  fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction [ # 0..* Outcome predicted
    fhir:
    # . One of these 2
      fhir: ]
      fhir: ]
    fhir:

    fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.outcome [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Possible outcome for the subject
    # RiskAssessment.prediction.probability[x] : 0..1 Likelihood of specified outcome. One of these 2
      fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.probabilityDecimal [ decimal ]
      fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.probabilityRange [ Range ]
    fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.qualitativeRisk [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Likelihood of specified outcome as a qualitative value

    fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.relativeRisk [ decimal ]; # 0..1 Relative likelihood
    # RiskAssessment.prediction.when[x] : 0..1 Timeframe or age range. One of these 2
      fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.whenPeriod [ Period ]
      fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.whenRange [ Range ]
    fhir:RiskAssessment.prediction.rationale [ string ]; # 0..1 Explanation of prediction
  ], ...;
  fhir:RiskAssessment.mitigation [ string ]; # 0..1 How to reduce risk
  fhir:

  fhir:RiskAssessment.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Comments on the risk assessment

]

Changes since DSTU2 Release 3

RiskAssessment RiskAssessment.basedOn Added Element RiskAssessment.parent Added Element RiskAssessment.status Added Element RiskAssessment.code Added Element
RiskAssessment.context RiskAssessment.status
  • Renamed Change value set from encounter http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-status|4.0.0 to context Add Reference(EpisodeOfCare) RiskAssessment.occurrence[x] Added Element RiskAssessment.reason[x] Added Element RiskAssessment.prediction.probability[x] Remove CodeableConcept RiskAssessment.prediction.qualitativeRisk Added Element RiskAssessment.comment Added Element RiskAssessment.date deleted http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-status|4.1.0

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON .

See R2 <--> R3 <--> R4 Conversion Maps (status = 4 tests that all execute ok. All tests pass round-trip testing and 4 3 r3 resources are invalid (4 (0 errors). ). )

 

Alternate See the Profiles & Extensions and the alternate definitions: Master Definition ( XML , + JSON ), , XML Schema / Schematron (for ) + JSON Schema , ShEx (for Turtle ) + see the extensions , the spreadsheet version & the dependency analysis a

Path Definition Type Reference
RiskAssessment.status The status of the risk assessment; e.g. preliminary, final, amended, etc. Required ObservationStatus
RiskAssessment.method The mechanism or algorithm used to make the assessment; e.g. TIMI, PRISM, Cardiff Type 2 diabetes, etc. Unknown No details provided yet
RiskAssessment.prediction.outcome The condition or other outcome; e.g. death, remission, amputation, infection, etc. Unknown No details provided yet
RiskAssessment.prediction.qualitativeRisk The likelihood of the occurrence of a specified outcome outcome. Example Risk Probability RiskProbability

id Level Location Description Expression
ras-1 : On RiskAssessment.prediction.probability[x]: Rule RiskAssessment.prediction.probability[x] low and high must be percentages, if present ( expression on RiskAssessment.prediction.probability[x]: (low.empty() or ((low.code = '%') and (low.system = %ucum))) and (high.empty() or ((high.code = '%') and (high.system = %ucum))) )
ras-2 : On RiskAssessment.prediction: Rule RiskAssessment.prediction Must be <= 100 ( expression on RiskAssessment.prediction: probability is decimal implies probability.as(decimal) (probability as decimal) <= 100 )

Search parameters for this resource. The common parameters also apply. See Searching for more information about searching in REST, messaging, and services.

Name Type Description Expression In Common
condition reference Condition assessed RiskAssessment.condition
( Condition )
date date When was assessment made? RiskAssessment.occurrence.as(DateTime) (RiskAssessment.occurrence as dateTime) 18 17 Resources
encounter reference Where was assessment performed? RiskAssessment.context RiskAssessment.encounter
( Encounter )
12 Resources
identifier token Unique identifier for the assessment RiskAssessment.identifier 26 30 Resources
method token Evaluation mechanism RiskAssessment.method
patient reference Who/what does assessment apply to? RiskAssessment.subject RiskAssessment.subject.where(resolve() is Patient)
( Patient )
31 33 Resources
performer reference Who did assessment? RiskAssessment.performer
( Practitioner , Device , PractitionerRole )
probability number Likelihood of specified outcome RiskAssessment.prediction.probability
risk token Likelihood of specified outcome as a qualitative value RiskAssessment.prediction.qualitativeRisk
subject reference Who/what does assessment apply to? RiskAssessment.subject
( Group , Patient )