Ontology for Media Resource Resources 1.0

W3C Working Draft Editors' copy $Date: 2011-10-13 13:36:19 $ @@ April 2009 @@@@ @@@@

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http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/WD-mediaont-1.0-200904@@ mediaont-1.0.html
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Editors:
이원석(WonSuk Lee), Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Werner Bailer, JOANNEUM RESEARCH
Tobias Bürger, University of Innsbruck
Pierre-Antoine Champin, Invited Expert
Véronique Malaisé, VU University Amsterdam
Thierry Michel, W3C
Felix Sasaki, Potsdam University of Applied Sciences
Joakim Söderberg, Ericsson
Florian Stegmaier, University of Passau
John Strassner, POSTECH

Abstract

This document defines the Ontology for Media Resource 1.0, Resources 1.0. The term "Ontology" is used in its broadest possible definition: a core vocabulary. The intent of this vocabulary is to describe media resources on bridge the Web. It is defined based on different descriptions of media resources, and provide a common core set of descriptive properties. This document defines a core set of properties which covers basic metadata to describe properties for media resources. Further it defines semantics-preserving resources, along with their mappings between to elements from a set of existing metadata formats. The ontology is supposed to foster Besides that, the interoperability among various kinds document presents a Semantic Web compatible implementation of metadata formats currently used to describe the abstract ontology using RDF/OWL. The document is mostly targeted towards media resources available on the Web. Web, as opposed to media resources that are only accessible in local repositories.

Status of this Document

This document is an editors' copy that has no official standing.

This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current W3C publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the W3C technical reports index at http://www.w3.org/TR/.

This is the First Public Proposed Recommendation Working Draft of the Ontology for Media Resource Resources 1.0 specification.

It has been produced by the Media Annotations Working Group , which is part of the W3C Video on the Web Activity . The Working Group expects to advance this specification to Recommendation Status.

Please send review comments about this document Proposed Recommendation to the public mailing list public-media-annotation@w3.org mailing list ( public archive ). Use "[PR Comment ONT]" in the subject line of your email. We expect that sufficient feedback to determine its future will have been received by 01 July 2011.

The public Testsuite for this Ontology for Media Resources 1.0 is available.

For convenience, the differences between this document and the Candidate Recommendation version are highlighted in the CR Diff file .

This Proposed Recommendation version of the Ontology for Media Resources 1.0 incorporates requests for changes from comments sent during the first Candidate Recommendation period and changes following implementation experiences from the Working Group.

Publication as a Working Draft does not imply endorsement by the W3C Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.

This document was produced by a group operating under the 5 February 2004 W3C Patent Policy . W3C maintains a public list of any patent disclosures made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains Essential Claim(s) must disclose the information in accordance with section 6 of the W3C Patent Policy .

Table of Contents

1 Introduction
    1.1 Purpose of this specification Formats in scope
    1.2 Formats         1.1.1 Multimedia metadata formats in scope
    1.3         1.1.2 Multimedia container formats in scope
    1.2 Formats out of scope
2 Terminology and Identifiers Conformance Requirements
    2.1 3 Terminology
    2.2 Identifiers of formats 3 4 Property value type definitions
    3.1 Basic property value types     4.1 URI
        3.1.1 URI     4.2 String
        3.1.2     4.3 Integer
    4.4 Decimal
    4.5 Date
4 5 Property definition definitions
    4.1     5.1 Core property definitions
        4.1.1         5.1.1 Description of the approach followed for the property definitions
        4.1.2         5.1.2 Descriptive properties (Core Set)
        5.1.3 Examples for the Core Set of properties
    4.2             5.1.3.1 Examples for the compression property
            5.1.3.2 Examples for the policy property
    5.2 Property mapping table
        4.2.1         5.2.1 Rationale regarding the mapping table
            4.2.1.1             5.2.1.1 Semantic Level Mappings
            4.2.1.2             5.2.1.2 Syntactic Level Mappings
            4.2.1.3             5.2.1.3 Mapping expression
        4.2.2 The         5.2.2 Multimedia metadata formats mapping table tables
            5.2.2.1 CableLabs 1.1
            5.2.2.2 DIG35
            5.2.2.3 Dublin Core
            5.2.2.4 EBUCore
            5.2.2.5 EXIF 2.2
            5.2.2.6 ID3
            5.2.2.7 IPTC
            5.2.2.8 LOM 2.1
            5.2.2.9 Media RSS
            5.2.2.10 MPEG-7
            5.2.2.11 OGG
            5.2.2.12 QuickTime
            5.2.2.13 DMS-1
            5.2.2.14 TTML
            5.2.2.15 TV-Anytime
            5.2.2.16 TXFeed
            5.2.2.17 XMP
            5.2.2.18 YouTube
        5.2.3 Multimedia container formats mapping tables
            5.2.3.1 3GP
            5.2.3.2 Flash
                5.2.3.2.1 FLV
                5.2.3.2.2 F4V
            5.2.3.3 QuickTime
            5.2.3.4 MP4
            5.2.3.5 OGG
            5.2.3.6 WebM
6 Usage Examples
    6.1 Example1: How to use the POWDER protocol in combination with the Media Ontology's properties for publishing descriptions of media resources
    6.2 Subtitles and the Ontology for Media Resources
    6.3 Semantic annotation
    6.4 Captions and signing
    6.5 Language for media resources
7 Namespace and RDF-representation of the Ontology for Media Resources 1.0
    7.1 Namespace of core property definitions
    7.2 Correspondence between the informal ontology and the RDF representation
    7.3 RDF ontology
8 Turtle (TTL) ontology

Appendices

A References (Normative)
B References (Non-Normative)
C Acknowledgements (Non-Normative)


1 Introduction

This section is informative. This document defines the Ontology for Media Resource 1.0, Resources 1.0. In this document, the term "ontology" is used in its broadest possible definition: a core vocabulary. The Ontology for Media Resources 1.0 is both a core vocabulary to describe (a set of properties describing media resources ) and its mapping to a set of metadata formats currently describing media resources published on the Web. It is defined based Mappings to formats for media resources non available on a common the Web have not been taken into account in this version of the Ontology. The purpose of the mappings is to provide an interoperable set of metadata, thereby enabling different applications to share and reuse these metadata. The set of properties which covers basic of the Ontology for Media Resources 1.0 was selected with respect to the most commonly adopted set of elements from metadata formats currently in use to describe media resources . Further it defines semantics-preserving resources.

Ideally, the mappings between elements from existing defined in this document would preserve the semantics of a metadata item across metadata formats. For example creator In reality, however, this cannot be easily achieved: there is often a common property that is supported difference in several existing metadata formats, and could therefore be part of the core vocabulary defined by the Ontology. The semantic links extension of what is covered by the ontology define the interrelations elements (or terms) from different formats. This means that a mapping between the properties in Ontology's property and the elements from two different formats. formats that have such a difference will not allow a semantic-preserving mapping. For example example, the property dc:creator from the Dublin Core can be mapped to and the property exif:Artist defined in the Exchangeable Image File Format, or EXIF . are both mapped to the property creator , in the Ontology. The document therefore also specifies types of mappings: "exact", "more specific", "more generic" and "related". Nevertheless, mapping back and forth between properties from different schemata, using only the Ontology defined in this specification as a reference, will induce a certain loss in semantics. Mechanisms for correcting for this loss are beyond the scope of this document.

This The Ontology defines mappings between its set of properties and the elements from metadata formats commonly used to describe media resources. The namespace for the Ontology is http://www.w3.org/ns/ma-ont# , which is identified with the "ma" prefix in this document. Although some of the properties can appear to be redundant with Dublin Core , there are several differences that distinguish them:

The Media Ontology (i.e. the core set of properties and mappings defined in this specification) provides the basic information needed by targeted applications (see Use Cases and Requirements for Ontology and API for Media Object Ressource 1.0 ) for supporting the interoperability among the various kinds of metadata formats related to media resources that are available on the Web. In addition, the ontology will be The Ontology is accompanied by an API (see API for Media Resources 1.0 ) that provides a uniform access to all elements defined by the ontology. This initial version of this document contains only its elements. Furthermore a limited set Semantic Web compatible implementation of properties with corresponding semantic mappings, the Ontology is available which are listed in section 1.2 Formats in scope . Nevertheless it is being published with the aspiration to gather wide feedback on the general direction of the Working Group. In particular we would like to encourage feedback on section 4 Property definition . 1.1 Purpose presented in Section 7 of this specification document. This specification defines an implementation uses the Semantic Web ontology for cross-community data integration of information related languages RDF/OWL and its derivation from the core vocabulary is presented in detail with it.

The properties defined in this document are used to describe media resources that are available on the Web. The purpose web. Media resources can denote both the abstract concept of a media resource (e.g., the ontology is to help circumventing movie "Notting Hill") as well as a specific instance (e.g., a certain file with an MPEG-4 encoding of the current proliferation English version of video metadata "Notting Hill" with French subtitles). For the sake of simplicity, we do not make distinctions between these different levels of abstraction that exist in some formats by providing full or partial translation and mapping (e.g., [ FRBR between existing formats. ])

1.2 1.1 Formats in scope

In This section is normative; however, examples contained in this specification the following formats related to section are informative. media resources on the Web have been taken into account.

Note: The following table lists the formats that were selected as in-scope of a potential mapping from the Media Ontology, along with the identifiers which are used as prefixes to identify them in this specification.

This specification is based We distinguish multimedia metadata formats that focus on a review the description of existing formats and multimedia resources from multimedia container formats. In the case of the latter, only few technical properties are relevant for the Ontology for Media Resources, because of they provide. This review does not aim to be complete, and this specification does not aim to cover all widespread usage. Very specific properties defined in these formats. The choice are out of properties is motivated by their wide usage. the scope of this specification

Cablelabs 1.1 1.1.1 Multimedia metadata formats in scope

DMS-1
Identifier Format Example Reference
cl11 CableLabs 1.1 cl11:Writer_Display Cablelabs 2.0 1.1
dig35 DIG35 dig35:ipr_name/ipr_person@description='Image Creator' DIG35
dc Dublin Core dc:creator Dublin Core
ebucore EBUCore ebucore:creator EBUCore
exif EXIF 2.2 exif:Artist EBU P-META EXIF
id3 ID3 id3:TCOM EXIF ID3
iptc IPTC iptc:Creator FRBR IPTC
lom21 LOM 2.1 lom21:LifeCycle/Contribute/Entity ID3 LOM
mrss Media RSS mrss:credit@role='author' IPTC NewsML Media RSS
mpeg7 MPEG-7 mpeg7:CreationInformation/Creation/Creator/Agent iTunes MPEG-7
ogg OGG ogg:track=serialno/vorbiscomment/title and ogg:track=serialno/skeleton/title LOM OGG
qt QuickTime qt:com.apple.quicktime.author MediaMonkey QuickTime
dms DMS-1 dms:Participant/Person MIX DMS-1
ttml TTML ttml:actor Media RSS TTML
tva TV-Anytime tva:CredistsList/CredistItem MPEG-7 TV-Anytime
txf TXFeed txf:author QuickTime TXFeed
xmp XMP xmp:CreatorTool SMPTE XMP
yt YouTube Data API Protocol yt:author TXFeed YouTube Data API Protocol

TV-Anytime 1.1.2 Multimedia container formats in scope

Identifier Format Example Reference
3gp 3GP 3gp:udta/auth Media RDF 3GP
flv FLV VRA Flash
qt QuickTime qt:com.apple.quicktime.author QuickTime
mp4 MP4 mp4:udta/cprt XMP MP4
ogg OGG ogg:track=serialno/vorbiscomment/title and ogg:track=serialno/skeleton/title OGG
webm WebM webm:segment=id/track=id/Language YouTube Data API Protocol WebM

2 Terminology and Identifiers Conformance Requirements

This section is normative. 2.1 Terminology

This document contains normative, non-normative, and informative sections. The parts of this document that define the Ontology, as well as the syntactic and semantic level mappings between elements from existing formats and the core properties defined in this document, are normative, and are marked as such. For normative sections only, the keywords MUST , MUST NOT , SHOULD "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and SHOULD NOT "OPTIONAL" are to be interpreted as defined described in RFC2119 [ RFC 2119 ] ]. To facilitate the differentiation between the normative use of these terms as defined in RFC2119 and a non-normative use of these terms, the normative use of these terms MUST occur in all capital letters. All other sections, including examples, are not normative.

A "strictly conforming" application is one that satisfies all "MUST" and "SHALL" provisions in this document. In contrast, a "conditionally conforming" application is one that satisfies all "MUST" provisions in this document, but not all "SHALL" provisions. It should be noted that an application that does not specify all "MUST" provisions in this document is not conforming".

Note: In this specification the use of "Media Ontology" and "Ontology for Media Resources 1.0 " is equivalent.

3 Terminology

This section is normative.

[ Definition : Ontology ]

A formal definition of an ontology is as follows. "An ontology is a formal, explicit specification of a shared, often machine-readable, vocabulary. Its meaning, in the form of entities and relationships between them, intends to describe some knowledge in a given domain. Formal refers to the fact that the ontology should be representable in a formal grammar. Explicit means that the entities and relationships used, and the constraints on their use, are precisely and unambiguously defined in a declarative language suitable for knowledge representation. Shared means that all users of an ontology will represent a concept using the same or equivalent set of entities and relationships. Domain refers to the content of the universe of discourse being represented by the ontology" [ KEUO ]. In this specification, the broadest possible definition of an ontology is used: a shared vocabulary. The vocabulary in question is the list of core properties (relationships) defined here (prefixed ma in this document); its machine-readable format is specified in the following section . The vocabulary used is RDF [ RDF ]. However, implementations are not limited to using RDF. Implementations MAY use different formats and still be considered to be conformant with this specification, as long as they comply to the definition of the properties listed in the following section 5 .

[ Definition : Media Resource ]

Any A media resource is any physical or logical resource that can be identified using a Uniform Resource (as Identifier (URI), as defined by [ RFC 3986 ]) ]), which has or is related to a one or more media content. content types. Note that [ RFC 3986 ] points out that a resource may be retrievable or not. Hence, this term encompasses the abstract notion of a movie (e.g. (e.g., Notting Hill) as well as the binary encoding of this movie (e.g. (e.g., the MPEG-4 encoding of Notting Hill on my a DVD), or any intermediate levels of abstraction (e.g. (e.g., the director's cut or the plane plain version of the Notting Hill). Hill movie). Although some ontologies (FRBR, BBC) ( FRBR , BBC ) define different concepts for different such levels of abstraction, our other ontologies do not. Therefore, in order to foster interoperability, the ontology defined in this specification does not commit to any provide such a classification of media resources.

[ Definition : Property ]

A property is an element from an existing metadata format for describing media resources on the web. , or an element from the core vocabulary as defined in this Working Group. specification. For example, the Dublin Core creator dc:creator element and the Media Ontology creator element are both properties. A property links a Media Resource with a value: literal value or another resource. In the above example, the dc:creator property links a given representation resource with the value of its creator (Dublin property. In this example, Dublin Core specifies: does this by defining the dc:creator property as follows: "Examples of a Creator creator include a person, an organization, or a service.", this value service".

Properties can be specified as a simple string have structured or as the URI representing the creator. unstructured values. The set of properties selected to be part of defined in the Media Ontology Core core vocabulary is listed in section 4 5 Property definition definitions .

[ Definition : Mapping]

The notion For the purposes of Mapping refers this document, a mapping is defined as a function that transforms information represented in one schema using one format to the description information in a different schema that uses a different format. In this document, a set of relations mappings are defined between elements a subset of metadata schemas; in our case the mapping concerns the Vocabularies "in scope", scope" Vocabularies and the properties of the core vocabulary of the Media Ontology. Ontology that is defined in this document. These Mappings mappings are presented in section 4.2 5.2 Property mapping table .

[ Definition : Property value types]

Property value types are the data types of the values used in for a property . For example, the property dc:creator can have either string or URI as data types. Property value types are defined in sec. section 3 4 Property value type definitions . They are relying mostly dependent on XML Schema data types [ XML Schema 2 ].

2.2 Identifiers of formats 4 Property value type definitions

The following table lists identifiers which are used as prefixes to identify formats in this specification. Identifier Format Example Reference cl11 CableLabs 1.1 cl11:Writer_Display Cablelabs 1.1 cl20 CableLabs 2.0 cl20:Producer Cablelabs 2.0 dig35 DIG35 dig35:ipr_name/ipr_person@description='Image Creator' DIG35 dc Dublin Core dc:creator Dublin Core ebucore EBUCore ebuc:creator EBUCore pmeta EBU P-Meta pmeta:Contribution EBU P-META exif EXIF 2.2 exif:Artist EXIF frbr FRBR frbr:Person FRBR id3 ID3 id3:TCOM ID3 iptc IPTC iptc:Creator IPTC it iTunes it:©ART iTunes lom21 LOM 2.1 lom21:LifeCycle/Contribute/Entity This section is normative. LOM

ma Core properties of MA WG ma:creator

4 Property definition Note: media Media RDF media:Recording Media RDF mrss Media RSS mrss:credit@role='author' Media RSS mets METS mets:agency METS mpeg7 MPEG-7 mpeg7:CreationInformation/Creation/Creator/Agent MPEG-7 nmix NISO MIX nmix:ImageCreation/ImageProducer MIX qt Quicktime qt:©dir QuickTime media SearchMonkey Media media:type MediaMonkey dms DMS-1 dms:Participant/Person DMS-1 tva TV-Anytime tva:CredistsList/CredistItem TV-Anytime txf TXFeed txf:author TXFeed vra40 VRA Core 4.0 vra40:agent VRA xmp XMP xmpDM:composer XMP yt YouTube Data API Protocol yt:author YouTube Data API Protocol

Currently, the data types of property values that used in this document are defined in terms of XML Schema 1.1, part 2.

3 Property value type definitions Applications that wish to be conformant with this specification MUST use the data types specified in this section for property values that are defined in this specification.

3.1 Basic property value types 3.1.1 4.1 URI

URI "Uniform "A Uniform Resource Identifier" Identifier", or URI, is defined in [ RFC 3986 ]. In this specification specification, the term URI is used used, since it is well known. However However, the use of this term is used as meaning IRIs extended in this specification to also include "Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs)" Identifiers" (IRIs), as defined in [ RFC 3987 ], that ]. An IRI is URIs which may a URI that MAY contain non-escaped characters other than ASCII. ASCII characters. The data type is anyURI . . Hence, in this specification, the term "URI" MUST be interpreted to also include IRI.

4.4 Decimal

A Decimal value SHOULD be represented using the XML Schema decimal data type, but MAY be represented using the XML Schema double data type if decimal is not available.

4 5 Property definition definitions

This section is normative. normative; however, examples contained within this section are informative.

4.1 5.1 Core property definitions

4.1.1 5.1.1 Description of the approach followed for the property definitions

This list of core properties has been defined by creating an initial set of mappings from the list of vocabularies in scope . The core list is a selection of the properties that were supported by the majority of the vocabularies in scope [ findtop10 ].

The ranking of the core properties by expected importance, as determined by the use cases defined in Use Cases and Requirements for Ontology and API for Media Resource 1.0 , has been used as an additional criteria for narrowing down the set of core properties for this specification. The resulting set of properties is nearly identical to that chosen by the [ jpsearch ] initiative.

The following information is available for each property:

Several properties in this specification are defined as complex types, consisting of a tuple of attributes. This is used to support qualifiers and optional attributes. Hence, a special syntax has been defined to accommodate this requirement, and is explained below.

All properties names are intentionally in singular form and MUST contain only a single value. However, multiple instances of a property MAY be used. In addition, each property MAY have an associated language attribute, which can be used to enable several instances of that property to be defined in different languages.

The following syntax is used for the type descriptions:

  • ( ) (parentheses) are used to indicate a attribute/value pair

  • | (vertical bar) is used to indicate a choice between different values

  • { } (curly brackets) are used to define a complex type, i.e., a tuple of attribute/value pairs

  • ? (question mark) is used to indicate an optional element

contributor { (attName="contributor", attValue="URI" | "String"), (attName="role", attValue="URI" | "String")? } is interpreted as a complex type that has two elements. The first identifies the contributor of a media resource by using a URI or a string. The second specifies an optional role, which is defined by a string. Elements are comma separated, and the collection of elements that makes up the complex type is enclosed in curly brackets.

4.1.2 Core 5.1.2 Descriptive properties (Core Set)

Editorial note ma:description tbd ma:identifier tbd ma:relation tbd ma:title tbd ma:collection tbd ma:copyright tbd
Name Type definition Description
  Identification This core list
identifier (attName="identifier", attValue="URI") A URI identifying a media resource, which can be either an abstract concept (e.g., Hamlet) or a specific object (e.g., an MPEG-4 encoding of properties is neither closed, nor pretend to the English version of "Hamlet"). When only legacy identifiers are available, a URI must be exhaustive and minted, for example using the tag: scheme [ RFC 4151 ].
title { (attName="title", attValue="String"), (attName="type", attValue="URI" | "String")? } A tuple that specifies the group still looks at rationale for including properties title or name given to the resource. The type can be considered in used to optionally define the final list category of properties. In addition this table will be elaborated for the types and further information. title.
language (attName="language", attValue="URI" | "String") The language used in the resource. We recommend to use a controlled vocabulary such as [ BCP 47 Name Type Description ]. An BCP 47 language identifier can also identify sign languages e.g. using ISO 639-3 subtags like bfi (British sign language).
locator (attName="locator", attValue="URI") ma:contributor tbd The logical address at which the resource can be accessed (e.g. a URL, or a DVB URI).
Creation
contributor { (attName="contributor", attValue="URI" | "String"), (attName="role", attValue="URI" | "String")? } A pair tuple identifying the contributor and agent, using either a URI (recommended best practice) or plain text. The role can be used to optionally define the nature of the contribution. E.g. contribution (e.g., actor, cameraman, dirctor,singer, director, singer, author, artist (Note: subject see addition artist, or other role types). An example of contributor type) such a tuple is: {imdb:nm0000318, director}.
creator { (attName="creator", attValue="URI" | "String"), (attName="role", attValue="URI" | "String")? } ma:creator tbd The authors A tuple identifying the author of the resource (listed in order resource, using either a URI (recommended best practice) or plain text. The role can be used to optionally define the category of precedence, if significant) author (e.g., playwright or author). The role is defined as plain text. An example of such a tuple is: {dbpedia:Shakespeare, playwright}.
date { (attName="date", attValue="Date"), (attName="type", attValue="URI" | "String")? } A textual description of tuple defining the content of date and time that the resource ma:format tbd MIME was created. The type of can be used to optionally define the resource (wrapper, bucket media types) category of creation date (e.g., release date, date recorded, or date edited).
location { (attName="name", attValue="URI" | "String")?, (attName="longitude", attValue="Decimal")?, (attName="latitude", attValue="Decimal")?, (attName="altitude", attValue="Decimal")?, (attName="coordinateSystem", attValue="URI" | "String")? } A URI identifies tuple identifying a resource; which name or a set of geographic coordinates, in a given system, that describe where the resource has been created, developed, recorded, or otherwise authored. The name can be defined using either a "Resource" (abstract concept) URI (recommended best practice) or plain text. The geographic coordinates include longitude, latitude and an optional altitude information, in a "Representation" (instance/file). See 4.4 Annotating Media Fragments given geo-coordinate system (such as the World Geodetic System ) that MAY also be specified. At least a name or (longitude, latitude) must be provided. A registry of coordinate reference systems such as EPSG Geodetic Parameter Dataset can be used to identify coordinate systems by URIs.
Content description
description (attName="description", attValue="String") ma:language tbd Free-form text describing the content of the resource.
keyword (attName="keyword", attValue="URI" | "String") Specify a language used in A concept, descriptive phrase or keyword that specifies the topic of the resource, Recommended using either a URI (recommended best practice is to use practice) or plain text. In addition, the concept, descriptive phrase, or keyword contained in this element SHOULD be taken from an ontology or a controlled vocabulary such as [ RFC 4646 ] vocabulary.
genre (attName="genre", attValue="URI" | "String") ma:publisher tbd Examples The category of the content of the resource, using either a Publisher include a person, URI (recommended best practice) or plain text. In addition, the genre contained in this element SHOULD be taken from an organization, ontology or controlled vocabulary, such as the EBU vocabulary .
rating { (attName="value", attValue="Decimal"), (attName="ratingSystem", attValue="URI" | "String")?, {(attName="min", attValue="Decimal"), (attName="max", attValue="Decimal")}? } The rating value (e.g., customer rating, review, audience appreciation), specified by a service. Typically, tuple defining the name of rating value, an optional rating person or organization defined as either a Publisher should URI (recommended best practice) or as plain text, and an optional voting range. The voting range can optionally be used to indicate define the resource minimum and maximum values that the rating can have.
Relational
relation { (attName="target", attValue="URI" | "String"), (attName="type", attValue="URI" | "String")? } A pair identifying tuple that identifies a resource that the current resource is related with (using either a URI -recommended best practice- or plain text), and optionally, specifies the nature of the realtionship. E.g. transcript, original_work ma:keyword tbd relationship. An unordered array example is a listing of descriptive phrases or keywords content that specify has a (possibly named) relationship to another content, such as the topic trailer of a movie, or the content summary of the resource a media resource.
collection (attName="collection", attValue="URI" | "String") The title name of the document, collection (using either a URI or the name given to plain text) from which the resource originates or to which it belongs. We recommend to use a URI, as a best practice.
Rights
copyright { (attName="copyright", attValue="String"), (attName="holder", attValue="URI" | "String")? } ma:genre tbd Genre of A tuple containing the copyright statement associated with the resource and optionally, the identifier of the copyright holder. Other issues related to Digital Rights Management are out of scope for this specification.
policy { (attName="statement", attValue="URI" | "String"), (attName="type", attValue="URI" | "String")? } ma:createDate tbd The date A tuple containing a policy statement either human readable as a string or machine resolvable as a URI, and time the resource was originally created. (for commercial purpose there might be an annotation type of publication date) the policy to provide more information as to the nature of the policy. See examples .
Distribution
publisher (attName="publisher", attValue="URI" | "String") ma:rating tbd The publisher of a resource, defined as either a URI or plain text. We recommend, as a best practice, to define the publisher as a URI.
targetAudience { (attName="audience", attValue="URI" | "String"), (attName="classificationSystem", attValue="URI" | "String")? } A pair tuple identifying the rating person audience being addressed (demographic class, parental guidance group, or organization geographical region) and the rating (real value) an optional classification system (e.g., a parental guidance issuing agency). .
Fragment
fragment { (attName="identifier", attValue="URI"), (attName="role", attValue="URI" | "String")? } A name tuple containing a fragment identifier and optionally, its role. A fragment is a portion of the collection from which resource, as defined by the resources originates [ MediaFragment ] Working Group.
namedFragment { (attName="identifier", attValue="URI"), (attName="label", attValue="String") } ma:duration tbd A tuple containing a named fragment identifier and its label.
Technical Properties
frameSize { (attName="width", attValue="Decimal"), (attName="height", attValue="Decimal"), (attValue="unit", attValue="String")? } The actual duration A tuple defining the frame size of the resource (e.g., width and height of 720 and 480 units, respectively). The units can be optionally specified; if the units are not specified, then the units MUST be interpreted as pixels.
compression (attName="compression", attValue="URI" | "String") The copyright statement. Identification of compression type used. For container files (e.g., QuickTime, AVI), the copyrights holder (DRM compression is out not defined by the format, as a container file can have several tracks that each use different encodings. In such a case, several compression instances should be used. Thus, querying the compression property of scope for MAWG) ma:location tbd A location associated with the resource. Can track media fragments will return different values for each track fragment. Either or both of two values may be supplied: a URI, and a free-form string which can be used for user display or when the depicted location naming convention is lost or shot location unknown. The URI consists of a absolute-URI (RFC 3986 [ ma:compression tbd Compression type used, RFC 3986 ], section 4.3) and fragment (RFC 3986 [ RFC 3986 ], section 3.5), that is, e.g. H264. Note: possible in the form absolute-URI#name. The absolute-URI identifies the naming convention used for the second parameter, which is a string name from that convention. A URL is preferred for the URI, and if it is used, it (a) might contain a date in the form mmyyyy, indicating that the owner of the domain in the URL agreed to its use as a label around that date and (b) should be de-referencable, yielding an informative resource about the naming convention. Note that this use of URIs with fragments also closely matches RDF (see RDF concepts ). Note that for some container files, the format parameter can also carry an extended mime type, MIME type to document this; see [ RFC 4281 ] for one such instance. See examples .
duration (attName="duration", attValue="Decimal") ma:frameSize The actual duration of the resource. The units are defined to be seconds.
format (attName="format", attValue="URI" | "String") tbd The MIME type of the resource (e.g., wrapper or bucket media types), ideally including as much information as possible about the resource such as media type parameters, for example, using the "codecs" parameter [ RFC 4281 ].
samplingRate (attName="samplingRate", attValue="Decimal") The frame size. For example: w:720, h: 480 audio sampling rate. The units are defined to be samples/second.
frameRate (attName="frameRate", attValue="Decimal") ma:targetAudience The video frame rate. The units are defined to be frames/second.
averageBitRate (attName="averageBitRate", attValue="Decimal") tbd The average bit rate. The units are defined to be kbps.
numTracks { (attName="number", attValue="Integer"), (attName="type", attValue="String")? } A pair identifying tuple defining the issuer number of tracks of a resource, optionally followed by the type of track (e.g., video, audio, or subtitle).

A number of these properties use qualifiers to define subtypes and roles: identifier, title, contributor, creator, date, relation, collection, policy, fragment and numTracks. In addition, the location, rating, copyright, and frameSize properties use optional elements to define the unit of measure of their values, the ranges that the values of these elements can have, or other supplementary information. All subtype and role qualifiers for these properties are optional. The set of possible values for subtypes is not normative. However, whenever possible, values defined in an existing controlled vocabulary or classification (agency) scheme SHOULD be used.

5.1.3 Examples for the Core Set of properties

5.1.3.1 Examples for the compression property
Example Property Attribute name Value Comment
Example 1 compression compression urn:example-org:codingnames2010#ITU-H264 ITU-H264 and G711 are defined by example.org (who also defined a URN to identify their naming conventions), and by example.net (who use a URL to identify theirs).
compression compression Advanced Video Coding
Example 2 compression compression http://example.net/012011/standards/codecs.htm#G711 The second example gives only an identifier,
Example 3 compression compression Raw audio the classification. E.g. parental guide, targeted geographical region third example has no identifier, only an indicator.
Example 4 ma:locator compression tbd compression urn:x-ul:060E2B34.0401.0101.04020202.03020500 layer 2 or 3 compression, SMPTE
compression compression MPEG Layer II/III
Example 5 compression compression AVC MP@L42 AVC compression, Cablelabs
Example 6 compression compression c125 AVC compression, IPTC
5.1.3.2 Examples for the policy property

The "type definition" of the policy property would include:

Recommended values for policy.type is the Meta information from the XHTML Vocabulary (http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml/vocab/#)

The copyright would naturally be mapped into policy.statement

Examples:
Property Attribute name Value
policy statement Copyright PLING Inc 2010. All Rights Reserved
type http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml/vocab/#copyright
policy statement http://p3pbook.com/examples/10-4.xml
type http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml/vocab/#p3pv1
policy statement http://odrl.net/license/license.xml
type http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml/vocab/#license
policy statement http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
type http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml/vocab/#license

4.2 5.2 Property mapping table

4.2.1 5.2.1 Rationale regarding the mapping table

As a first step to build The mappings between the Media ontology, Ontology and a set subset of commonly supported properties by the aforementioned "in-scope" vocabularies has been listed. This list, henceforth referred to as "Core Media Properties list", is of this specification specify both the basis for vocabularies matching. Its namespace is "ma", for Media Annotation Working Group. We provide a first set semantic and some elements of mapping propositions the syntactic correspondences between the vocabularies taken into account Media Ontology properties and this list. These mappings have double nature: semantic the elements of a given vocabulary. The vocabularies selected were those that were deemed to be the most popular and syntactic. useful regarding the proposed Use Cases (see Use Cases and Requirements for Ontology and API for Media Ressource 1.0 ).

4.2.1.1 5.2.1.1 Semantic Level Mappings

The presented mappings are "one way" so far, i.e. uni-directional mappings, because the semantics is of a relationship between one or more items the elements being mapped from the vocabulary considered and one or more same Media Ontology property from our list. may be very different across formats. For example, in XMP , copyright is mapped to both xmpDM:copyright and dc:rights (as part of the XMP standard) are mapped to ma:copyright ; in standard [ EXIF , XMP ]); the Copyright same property is mapped to ma:copyright . Nothing from these mappings exif:Copyright (see [ EXIF ]). Unfortunately, no semantic relationship can be inferred of semantic relationships between the properties elements defined in the XMP and in EXIF. This "Core Media Properties list" can be considered as the minimal requirement for describing media content. EXIF standards. The mappings that have been taken into account have different semantics: the properties semantics that have one of the different vocabularies can be following four characteristics:

  • Exact matches: match: the semantics of the two properties are equivalent in most of the all possible contexts. For example, the semantics of the property ma:title title matches exactly matches the semantics of the property vra:title .

  • More specific: the property of the vocabulary taken into account has a semantic associated semantics that takes into account only contain a subset superset of the possibilities semantics expressed by the property defined in this Working Group. specification. For example in DIG35 , ipr_names@description and ipr_person@description are both more specific than the property ma:publisher publisher to which it is they are mapped.

  • More generic: the inverse of the above, meaning that the property of the vocabulary taken into account has a semantic associated semantics that is broader than the property defined in this Working Group. specification. For example, the DIG35 location is more general than the ma:location . location property.

  • Related: the two properties are related in a way that is relevant for some use cases, but this relation has no defined and/or commonly applied semantics. For example, in Media RSS, RSS , media:credit is related to ma:creator creator .

This list of relations between vocabularies (or informal mappings) and the "Core Media Properties list" is published as a table. Feedback from people or companies actually using the different vocabularies in communities that are currently using the different vocabularies is very welcome; if such feedback is received, it will be incorporated into an updated of this specification.

4.2.1.3 5.2.1.3 Mapping expression

Once the matching model has been achieved, it has to be expressed. This The mapping expression correspond with corresponds to the former paragraphs acts concrete implementation or representation of the mappings defined in the previous paragraph, both at a semantic level and at syntactic one.

In the context of the W3C Semantic Web activity, SKOS (acronym for the Simple Knowledge Organization System) is currently a Candidate Recommendation that of the W3C Semantic Web activity which defines a vocabulary for representing Knowledge Organization Systems (i.e. vocabularies) Systems, such as vocabularies, and relationships amongst them. In SKOS the mapping properties that we take into account in the mapping table are expressed as: skos:exactMatch , skos:narrowMatch , skos:broaderMatch skos:broadMatch and skos:relatedMatch . Some

A future version of this specification may include additional information about the properties. For example, some restrictions might be added to a set of mappings (e.g., if they are symmetric) to enhance more fine grained definition efficient mappings. If such changes are implemented, every effort will be made to produce a new and revised specification that is backwards-compatible with the current version of this specification.

5.2.2 Multimedia metadata formats mapping tables

The following mappings are established from the Media Ontology's properties has still to various multimedia metadata formats. This list of formats is not closed, nor does it pretend to be done: we exhaustive. A future version of this specification may include additional mappings if a need or use case is established for these new mappings.

For each format there is a mapping table with the following columns.

5.2.2.1 CableLabs 1.1

For the Cablelabs format the mapping table has the following extra columns.

Type (MediaType) : Defines the type of value expected, asset that this field refers to enhance more efficient concrete mappings, in the API. This list Cablelabs 1.1 ADI and Content Specs. The type defines whether the asset is a movie, a still or other structure in the whole Video package.

  • Spec : In CableLabs Cablelabs 1.1 ADI and Content Specs there are two specifications (ADI and CONTENT) which apply to the management of relations between vocabularies (or informal mappings) the content and the "Core Media content metadata itself. The AMS refers to the former, the MOD or SVOD refers to the latter - defining the type of service used.

  • Metadata Name : Defines the actual field value of the named field.
    MAWG Relation Cablelabs1.1 How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties list" (Core Set)
    Identification
    Type (MediaType). Spec Metadata Name. Type (DataType) Required vs Optional
    identifier exact Package, Title, Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset,Encrypted Asset AMS Asset_ID An identifier for the asset that is published as unique within a table; its purpose provider's asset ID space. The unique portable identification of an asset is the combinations of its Provider_ID and its Asset_ID. String (fixed 20 characters, alpha/numeric). 4 alpha characters followed by 16 numbers, no spaces allowed. ~~~ Example: "ABCD1234567890123456" Req N/A Yes
    related Package, Title, Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset,Encrypted Asset AMS Asset_Name A string containing the identifying name of the asset. Asset names must be unique within a product. String (max 50 characters). ~~~ Example: "WesCravensDracula2000encrypted" Req N/A
    Movie MOD or SVOD Avail String. ~~~ Format of "HH:MM:SS:FF,HH:MM:SS:FF,HH:MM:SS:FF,HH:MM:SS:FF,XX". ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Avail"" value=""00:00:00:00,00:08:00:00,00:00:00:00,00:00:00:00,XX"" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Avail"" value=""00:00:00:00,00:08:00:00,00:09:00:00,00:00:00:00,XX"" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Avail"" value=""00:00:02:00,00:08:00:00,00:09:00:00,00:00:00:00,XX"" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Avail"" value=""00:07:50:00,00:08:00:00,00:09:00:00,00:09:10:00,XX"" > ~~~ </app_data></app_data></app_data></app_data> Opt N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Billing_ID Integer (max 5 digits) Req N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Box_Office Integer Opt N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Chapter String (max 128 characters per heaing, max 1024 characters total for all headings) containing the two components (SMPTE time code, heading), one per element. ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Chapter"" value=""01:01:01:01,Opening" scene"="" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Chapter"" value=""01:30:01:01,Max" encounters="" a="" problem"="" > ~~~ </app_data></app_data> Opt N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Closed_Captioning String "Y" or "N" Opt N/A
    Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset,Encrypted Asset MOD or SVOD Content_CheckSum String “ Hex (32 chars) Req N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Contract_Name String Opt N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Display_As_Last_Chance Integer “ number of days Opt N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Display_As_New Integer “ number of days Opt N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Distributor_Name String (max 128 characters). Opt N/A
    title exact Title MOD or SVOD Title Movie title (for display). String (max 128 characters). Special characters allowed. ~~~ Example: "Wes Craven's Dracula 2000" Req N/A Yes
    more general Title MOD or SVOD Title_Brief A brief version of the movie title (for display). String (max 19 characters). Req N/A
    more general Title MOD or SVOD Title_Sort_Name String (max 32 characters). ~~~ Example: "Blob, The" Opt N/A
    Trick Asset MOD or SVOD Trick_Mode String. ~~~ Examples: "FFWD", "FREV", "Index", "All", "Archive" Req N/A
    Title, Movie, Still-Image, Preview MOD or SVOD Type Values are expected to get feedback be: "title", "movie", "box cover", "poster", and "preview" for the corresponding assets. Other asset types can be specified. Req N/A
    Encrypted Asset MOD or SVOD Vendor_Name String Opt N/A
    Trick Asset MOD or SVOD Vendor_Name String Opt N/A
    Trick Asset MOD or SVOD Vendor_Product String Req N/A
    Package , title, Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset, EncryptedAsset AMS Verb String. Opt N/A
    Package , title, Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset, EncryptedAsset AMS Version_Major Integer Req N/A
    Package , title, Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset, EncryptedAsset AMS Version_Minor Integer Req N/A
    language exact Movie, Preview MOD or SVOD Languages Available languages.

    NOTE: Audio PID(s) shall correspond with Languages. Two character language code from 639-1.

    String “ (max 2 characters per language, 1024 total), one language per element. ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Languages"" value=""en"/" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Languages"" value=""es"/" > </app_data></app_data> Opt N/A Yes
    locator N/A N/A N/A
    Creation
    contributor more specific Title MOD or SVOD Actors Actors “ Last Name,First Name (for searching). The separator MUST be a "," between the communities that last name and the first name. On-air talent MAY be included. String (max 35 characters per actor), one actor per element. ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Actors"" value=""Willis,Bruce"/"> ~~~ <app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Actors"" value=""Gere,Richard"/"> ~~~ </app_data> </app_data > Opt N/A Yes
    more specific Title MOD or SVOD Actors_Display Actors -- A human-readable string for display; use Name 1, Name 2. String (max 1024 characters total all Actors). ~~~ Example: ~~~ "Voices of Tom Hanks, Robin Williams" Opt N/A
    more specific Title MOD or SVOD Advisories String, one advisory per element (max 1024 characters for all advisories). ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Advisories"" value=""S"/" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Advisories"" value=""V"/" > ~~~ There are currently using at most six occurrences of "Advisories", with a combined maximum of at most 12 characters.</app_data></app_data> Opt N/A
    more specific Title MOD or SVOD Director String (max 35 characters per director), one director per element. ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Director"" value=""Puzo," mario"="" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Director"" value=""Lucas,George"/" > ~~~</app_data> </app_data> Opt N/A
    creator more specific Title MOD or SVOD Writer_Display Writer(s)”A human-readable string for display; use Name 1, Name 2. String (max 1024 characters total all Writers). ~~~ Example: ~~~ "Francis Ford Coppola, Mario Puzo" Opt N/A Yes
    date exact Package, Title, Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset,Encrypted Asset AMS Creation_Date A string representing the different vocabularies: date on which the people Asset was created. String “ "yyyy-mm-dd" Req N/A Yes
    location Title MOD or companies actually using SVOD Studio_Royalty_Flat_Rate Currency. Maximum of 3 digits right of the different vocabularies could proof-read our interpretation decimal allowed. ~~~ Example: "1.995" Opt N/A Yes
    Content description
    description more specific Title MOD or SVOD Summary_Long Movie summary in full. String (max 4096 characters). Special characters allowed. Opt N/A Yes
    more specific Title MOD or SVOD Summary_Medium Movie summary paragraph “ for EPG-like description. String (max 1024 characters). Special characters allowed. Opt N/A
    exact Package, Title, Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset,Encrypted Asset AMS Description A human-readable string describing the Asset. String. ~~~ Example: "Wes Craven's Dracula 2000 asset package" Req N/A
    keyword more general Title MOD or SVOD Summary_Short String (max 256 characters). Special characters allowed. ~~~ Example: "Samantha is hired to plan a bat mitzvah; Charlottte tries to improve life with Trey" Req N/A Yes
    genre exact Title MOD or SVOD Genre Genres “ Subject-matter classification of the vocabularies show. See [GENRE] for values. String (max 20 characters per genre), one genre per element. ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Genre"" value=""Action"/" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Genre"" value=""Comedy"/" > ~~~</app_data></app_data> Opt N/A Yes
    more general Title MOD or SVOD Category A nested list of human readable categories and comment on sub-categories which effect how the proposed mappings. UI presents the asset. String (max 20 characters per category component), one category per element. ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Category"" value=""Movies/Movies" a-z"="" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Category"" value=""Movies/Comedy"/" > ~~~</app_data></app_data> Opt N/A
    more specifc title, preview MOD or SVOD MSORating String, one rating per element. ~~~ Example: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""MSORating"" value=""Age-14"/" > ~~~</app_data> Opt N/A
    more specific Title MOD or SVOD Advisories One content advisory code (see CableLabs Specification Version 1.1 in Annex A, Ratings and Advisories). String, one advisory per element (max 1024 characters for all advisories). ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Advisories"" value=""S"/" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Advisories"" value=""V"/" > ~~~ There are at most six occurrences of "Advisories", with a combined maximum of at most 12 characters.</app_data></app_data> Opt N/A
    Relational
    relation more general Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset,Encrypted Asset AMS Asset_Class A system-level type for the asset. This is intended to be helpful for the application mapping and routing, and expected to be more general than the Type value for the content. Expected Value is "package". String - Expected Values are: Move, Box Cover, Poster, Preview, Trickfile,encrypted. Req N/A Yes
    more specific Encrypted Asset MOD or SVOD Asset_Encrypted Asset ID of the asset for which content is encrypted. It is assumed that the Provider_ID for that asset is the same as for this asset, or, is within this same Title asset). String (per Asset_ID element) Opt N/A
    related Title MOD or SVOD Year Year of release. String “ "yyyy" Opt N/A
    collection more specific Title MOD or SVOD Episode_ID A unique identifier given to each individual episode of a series. String. ~~~ Example: "Episode #45" Opt N/A Yes
    more specific Title MOD or SVOD Episode_Name The Core list name of properties an individual episode of a series. String. ~~~ Example: "Hot Child in the City" Opt N/A
    Rights
    copyright more general Package, Title, Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset,Encrypted Asset AMS Provider A unique identifier for the provider of the Asset “ represents the business relationship between the MSO and the Asset Provider. String. ~~~ Examples: "iN_DEMAND" or "HBO" Req N/A Yes
    policy more specific MOD or SVOD Contract_Name Identifying name of the contract under which this title is not exhaustive licensed.> String Opt N/A Yes
    Distribution
    publisher more general Package, Title, Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset,Encrypted Asset AMS Provider A unique identifier for the provider of the Asset “ represents the business relationship between the MSO and if some properties the Asset Provider. String. ~~~ Examples: "iN_DEMAND" or "HBO" Req N/A Yes
    Package MOD or SVOD Provider_Content_Tier String “ one tier per element. ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Provider_Content_Tier"" value=""HBO1"/" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Provider_Content_Tier"" value=""HBO8"/" > </app_data></app_data> Opt N/A
    Package, Title, Movie, Still-Image, Preview, TrickAsset,Encrypted Asset AMS Provider_ID String (max 20 characters). ~~~ Example: "indemand.com" Req N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Provider_QA_Contact String Req ~~~ (*Opt for SVOD) N/A
    Encrypted Asset MOD or SVOD Receiver_Type String. ~~~ Examples: "Moto", "SA" Req N/A
    Encrypted Asset MOD or SVOD Receiver_Version Integer Opt N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Studio String (max 256 characters). ~~~ Example: "Buena Vista" Opt N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Studio_Name String (max 128 characters). Opt N/A
    targetAudience exact Preview MOD or SVOD Audience Field to indicate target audience. String, one rating per element. ~~~ Example: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Audience"" value=""Adult"/" > ~~~</app_data> Opt N/A Yes
    Title MOD or SVOD Audience String, one rating per element. ~~~ Example: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Audience"" value=""Adult"/" > ~~~</app_data> Opt N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Rating MPAA or TV Rating, whichever is appropriate (see CableLabs Specification Version 1.1 in Annex A, Ratings and Advisories). String, one rating per element. ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Rating"" value=""TV-G"/" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Rating"" value=""G"/" > ~~~</app_data></app_data> Req N/A
    Title MSORating N/A
    Title Advisories N/A
    Fragments
    fragments more specific Title MOD or SVOD Episode_ID A unique identifier given to each individualepisode of a series String N/A No
    namedFragments more specific Title MOD or SVOD Episode_Name The name of an individual episode of aseries. String N/A No
    Technical Properties
    frameSize more general movie ,preview MOD or SVOD Resolution Other values may be supplied. Currently, defined values are judged one of "480i", "720p", "1080i", or "1080p". String Req N/A Yes
    more general movie ,preview MOD or SVOD Screen_Format Screen format (Standard, Widescreen, Letterbox, OAR) (for display). String Opt N/A
    compression more specific Movie MOD or SVOD Codec Other values may be supplied. Currently,defined values are one of "MPEG2" or when AVC/MPEG4 one of "AVC MP@L30", "AVC MP@L40", "AVC MP@L42", "AVC HP@L30", "AVC HP@L40","AVC HP@L42" String Req N/A Yes
    duration more general Title MOD or SVOD Display_Run_Time Run time (for display). String “ "hh:mm" Req N/A Yes
    exact title, preview MOD or SVOD Run_Time Run time. String “ "hh:mm:ss" Req N/A
    Title MOD or SVOD Maximum_Viewing_Length String “ "DD:HH:MM". ~~~ Example: "00:24:00" Opt N/A
    format more specific Encrypted Asset MOD or SVOD Encrypting_System_Info Information pertaining to the encrypting system. String Opt N/A Yes
    more specific Movie MOD or SVOD Encryption String "Y" or "N". ~~~ Example: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Encryption"" value=""Y"/" > ~~~</app_data> Opt N/A
    more specific Encrypted Asset MOD or SVOD Encryption_Algorithm Further identification of the encryption type. String. ~~~ Examples: "DES", "3DES", "RC5" Opt N/A
    Encrypted Asset MOD or SVOD Encryption_Date Date Opt N/A
    Encrypted Asset MOD or SVOD Encryption_Key_Block String (max 4096 characters) Opt N/A
    Encrypted Asset MOD or SVOD Encryption_Time Time Opt N/A
    Encrypted Asset MOD or SVOD Encryption_Type String. ~~~ Examples: "symmetric", "public key" Opt N/A
    Movie, Preview MOD or SVOD Audio_Type String “ one audio type per element. ~~~ Examples: ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Audio_Type"" value=""Dolby" digital"="" > ~~~ < app_data app=""MOD"" name=""Audio_Type"" value=""Mono"/"> ~~~</app_data></app_data> Req N/A
    samplingRate N/A N/A N/A
    frameRate exact Movie MOD or SVOD Frame_Rate Other values may be missing for supplied. Currently, defined values are one of 24, 30, or 60. Integer Req N/A Yes
    averageBitRate exact Movie Bit_Rate The maximum overall bit rate of the included content, in kilobits per second. Numeric “ ex. 3750 Req N/A Yes
    numTracks N/A N/A N/A

  • 5.2.2.2 DIG35
    MAWG Relation DIG35 How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier exact IMAGE_ID ComplexType: sequence of UID ( string ) and ID_TYPE ( URI ) METADATA/BASIC_IMAGE_INFO/IMAGE_ID

    Yes

    title exact IPR_TITLE dig35:tLangString (ComplexType extending string with "ref" attribute of type xml:lang ) METADATA/IPR/IPR_DESCRIPTION/IPR_TITLE

    Yes

    language N/A N/A N/A
    locator N/A N/A N/A
    Creation
    contributor more general IPR_NAMES/IPR_PERSON@DESCRIPTION="" dig35:tPerson (ComplexType including different fields to describe person-related information) METADATA/IPR/IPR_NAMES/IPR_PERSON Yes
    creator GENERAL_CREATION_INFO/IMAGE_CREATOR

    OR IPR_NAMES/IPR_PERSON@DESCRIPTION=Image Creator

    OR IPR_NAMES/IPR_PERSON@DESCRIPTION=Original Work Author

    dig35:tPerson (ComplexType including different fields to describe person-related information) METADATA/IMAGE_CREATION/GENERAL_CREATION_INFO/IMAGE_CREATOR

    or

    METADATA/IPR/IPR_NAMES/IPR_PERSON[@DESCRIPTION='Image Creator']

    or

    METADATA/IPR/IPR_NAMES/IPR_PERSON[@DESCRIPTION='Original Work Author']

    Yes
    date exact CREATION_TIME or CAPTURE_TIME dateTime

    or

    dig35:tDateTime (ComplexType describing the date, including day, month, year, week day, or season)

    METADATA/IMAGE_CREATION/GENERAL_CREATION_INFO/CREATION_TIME

    or

    METADATA/CONTENT_DESCRIPTION/CAPTURE_TIME

    Yes
    location more specific LOCATION dig35:tLocation (ComplexType: sequence including logitude and latitude, address, GPS or a comment) METADATA/CONTENT_DESCRIPTION/LOCATION Yes
    Content description
    description exact CAPTION

    or

    IPR_CAPTION

    dig35:tLangString (ComplexType extending string with "ref" attribute of type xml:lang ) METADATA/CONTENT_DESCRIPTION/CAPTION

    or

    METADATA/IPR/IPR_DESCRIPTION/IPR_CAPTION

    Yes
    keyword exact CAPTION

    or

    IPR_CAPTION

    dig35:tLangString (ComplexType extending string with "ref" attribute of type xml:lang ) METADATA/CONTENT_DESCRIPTION/CAPTION

    or

    METADATA/IPR/IPR_DESCRIPTION/IPR_CAPTION

    Yes
    genre GENERAL_CREATION_INFO/SCENE_TYPE OR GENERAL_CREATION_INFO/IMAGE_SOURCE dig35:tLangString (ComplexType extending string with "ref" attribute of type xml:lang ) METADATA/IMAGE_CREATION/GENERAL_CREATION_INFO/SCENE_TYPE

    or

    METADATA/IMAGE_CREATION/GENERAL_CREATION_INFO/IMAGE_SOURCE

    No
    rating N/A N/A N/A
    Relational
    relation N/A N/A N/A
    collection N/A N/A N/A
    Rights
    copyright exact COPYRIGHT dig35:tLangString (ComplexType extending string with "ref" attribute of type xml:lang ) METADATA/IPR/IPR_DESCRIPTION/COPYRIGHT Yes
    policy more general IPR_EXPLOITATION ComplexType including different fields to describe protection, use cases restriction, obligation, and IPR management system iinformation. METADATA/IPR/IPR_EXPLOITATION No
    Distribution
    publisher more general IPR_NAMES/IPR_PERSON@DESCRIPTION="" dig35:tPerson (ComplexType including different fields to describe person-related information) METADATA/IPR/IPR_NAMES/IPR_PERSON No
    targetAudience N/A N/A N/A
    Fragments
    fragments N/A N/A N/A
    namedFragments N/A N/A N/A
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact IMAGE_SIZE/HEIGHT AND IMAGE_SIZE/WIDTH positiveInteger METADATA/BASIC_IMAGE_INFO/IMAGE_SIZE/HEIGHT

    or

    METADATA/BASIC_IMAGE_INFO/IMAGE_SIZE/WIDTH

    Yes
    compression exact COMPRESSION string METADATA/BASIC_IMAGE_INFO/COMPRESSION No
    duration N/A N/A N/A
    format exact FILE_FORMAT/MIME_TYPE string METADATA/BASIC_IMAGE_INFO/FILE_FORMAT/MIME_TYPE Yes
    samplingRate N/A N/A N/A
    frameRate N/A N/A N/A
    averageBitRate N/A N/A N/A
    numTracks N/A N/A N/A
    5.2.2.3 Dublin Core
    MAWG Relation Dublin Core How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier exact identifier ASCII Text N/A yes
    title exact title ASCII Text N/A yes
    language exact language ASCII Text N/A yes
    locator N/A N/A N/A
    Creation
    contributor exact contributor ASCII Text N/A yes
    creator exact creator ASCII Text N/A yes
    date related date ASCII Text N/A yes
    location exact coverage ASCII Text N/A yes
    Content description
    description exact description ASCII Text N/A yes
    keyword exact subject ASCII Text N/A yes
    genre exact type ASCII Text N/A yes
    rating N/A N/A N/A
    Relational
    relation exact relation ASCII Text N/A yes
    collection related source ASCII Text N/A yes
    Rights
    copyright related rights ASCII Text N/A yes
    policy N/A N/A N/A
    Distribution
    publisher exact publisher ASCII Text N/A yes
    targetAudience N/A N/A N/A
    Fragments
    fragments N/A N/A N/A
    namedFragments N/A N/A N/A
    Technical Properties
    frameSize N/A N/A N/A
    compression N/A N/A N/A
    duration N/A N/A N/A
    format exact format ASCII Text N/A yes
    samplingRate N/A N/A N/A
    frameRate N/A N/A N/A
    averageBitRate N/A N/A N/A
    numTracks N/A N/A N/A
    5.2.2.4 EBUCore
    MAWG Relation EBUCore How to do the mapping Datatype XPath

    Notes: the default namespace in different communities, the list will following expressions is urn:ebu:metadata-scheebuCore_2010 . The namespace for prefix dc is http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/ .

    RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier exact dc:identifier DC compliance requires a string but it is recommended to use URIs or IRIs instead string EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/identifier/dc:identifier No
    title exact dc:title title/dc:title and/or

    alternativeTitle/dc:title

    string EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/title/dc:title

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/alternativeTitle/dc:title

    Yes
    language exact dc:language

    languageCode

    A free text term and/or a reference to a web resource such as a classification scheme term string

    anyURI

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/language/dc:language

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/language/languageCodeYes

    Yes
    locator exact Format/Location an address at which the resource can be extended. This list has been defined found and e.g. played from e.g. a dvb url string EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/locator Yes
    Creation
    contributor exact

    contributor

    Either a person or an organisation string EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/contributor/contactDetails/name/name

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/contributor/organisationName

    Yes
    creator exact creator Either a person or an organisation string EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/creator/contactDetails/name

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/creator/contactDetails/givenName +

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/creator/contactDetails/familyName

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/creator/organisationName

    Yes
    date exact

    created

    date EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/date/created Yes
    location exact dc:coverage

    name

    code

    posx + posy

    Information about resource related location information string

    string

    anyURI

    float + float

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/coverage/dc:coverage

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/coverage/spatial/location/name

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/coverage/spatial/location/code

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/coverage/spatial/location/posx

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/coverage/spatial/location/posy

    Yes
    Content Description
    description exact dc:description Free text string EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/description/dc:description Yes
    keyword related dc:subject

    subjectCode

    A free text term and/or a reference to a web resource such as a classification scheme term string

    anyURI

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/subject/dc:subject

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/subject/subjectCode

    Yes
    genre exact dc:type

    genre/@typeLabel

    genre/@typeLink

    Either a free text term in dc:type (not necessarily only genre) or genre/@typeLabel or a reference to a web resource such as a classification scheme term genre/@typeLink string

    string

    anyURI

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/type/dc:type

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/type/genre/@typeLabel

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/type/genre/@typeLink

    Yes
    rating exact ratingValue

    ratingMaxValue

    ratingMinValue

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rating/ratingValue

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rating/ratingScaleMaxValue

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rating/ratingScaleMinValue

    Yes
    Relational
    relation related dc:relation

    dc:identifier

    relationLink

    Free text ro an identifier or a link to a related resource.

    Specialised relations are provided in EBU which would qualify for mapping (see XPaths)

    string

    string

    anyURI

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/relation/dc:relation

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/relation/relationIdentifier/dc:identifier

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/relation/relationLink

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/isVersionOf

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/hasversion

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/isReplacedBy

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/replaces

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/isRequiredby

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/requires

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/ispartOf

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/hasPart

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/isreferencedBy

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/references

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/isFormatOf

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/hasFormat

    Yes
    collection related Title The 'type' of content being described should be "collection" in type/objectType/@typeLabel (free text) or type/objectType/@typeLink (anyURI to refer to e.g. a classification scheme term) string EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/title/dc:title

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/type/objectType/@typeLabel

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/type/objectType/@typeLink

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/isMemberOf

    Yes
    Rights
    copyright related @type="copyright"

    dc:rights

    rightsLink

    exploitationIssues

    The type atribute define the type of rights covered by making the element.

    Free text or a link to a web page with associated rights declaration or more specifically exploitation issues

    string

    anyURI

    string

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rights/@typeLabel

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rights/@typeLink

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rights/dc:rights

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rights/rightsLink

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rights/exploitationIssues

    Yes
    policy related @type="policy"

    dc:rights

    rightsLink

    The type atribute define the type of rights covered by the element.Free text or a link to a web page with associated rights declaration. EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rights/@typeLabel

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rights/@typeLink

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rights/dc:rights

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/rights/rightsLink

    Yes
    Distribution
    publisher exact dc:publisher Either a person or an initial set organisation string

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/publisher/contactDetails/name

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/publisher/contactDetails/givenName +

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/publisher/contactDetails/familyName

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/publisher/organisationName

    Yes
    targetAudience exact dc:type

    genre/@typeLabel

    genre/@typeLink

    Fre text in type or genre/@typeLabel or @typeLink (using a targetAudience Classification Scheme or equivalent) string

    string

    anyURI

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/type/dc:type

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/type/targetAudience/@typeLabel

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/type/targetAudience/@typeLink

    Yes
    Fragments
    fragments exact hasPart e.g. a scene or shot identified by its uri string

    anyURI

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/hasPart/relationLink Yes
    namedFragments exact hasPart e.g. a scene or shot identified by an identifier or title string

    string

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/part/@partId

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/part/@partName

    Yes
    Technical Properties

    frameSize

    exact height

    width

    see the syntax of frameSize for correct mapping propositions from nonNegativeInteger

    nonNegativeInteger

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/height

    and

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/width

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/videoFormat/height

    and

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/videoFormat/width

    Yes

    compression

    exact encoding/@typeLabel

    encoding/@typeLink

    free text or a link to a classification scheme e.g. published as a web resource string

    anyURI

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/videoFormat/videoEncoding/@typeLabel

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/videoFormat/videoEncoding/@typeLink

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/audioFormat/audioEncoding/@typeLabel

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/audioFormat/audioEncoding/@typeLink

    Yes
    duration exact duration It is important to look at the list format used for expressing the duration in duration/@formatLabel or duration/@formatLink string EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/duration Yes
    format related dc:format Free text or a series or more specific attributes provided in the XPath column, which would qualify to map into format string

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/dc:format

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/medium/@*[name()='typeLabel' or name()='typeLink']

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/mimeType/@*[name()='typeLabel' or name()='typeLink']

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/fileFormat/@*[name()='typeLabel' or name()='typeLink']

    etc.

    Yes
    samplingRate exact samplingRate if in dc:format, a syntax should be used to prefix the property being documented e.g. samplingRate:xxx string EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/technicalAttributeInteger

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/technicalAttributeInteger/@typeLabel='samplingRate'

    Yes
    frameRate exact frameRate if in dc:format, a syntax should be used to prefix the property being documented

    e.g. frameRate:xxx

    string EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/technicalAttributeInteger

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/technicalAttributeInteger/@typeLabel='frameRate'

    Yes
    averageBitRate exact bitrate if in dc:format, a syntax should be used to prefix the property being documented e.g. bitrate:xxx string EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/technicalAttributeInteger

    or

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/technicalAttributeInteger/@typeLabel='averagebitrate'

    Yes
    numTracks related videoFormat

    audioFormat

    the video or audio formats imply the number of vocabularies video and / or audio tracks string

    anyURI

    string

    anyURI

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/videoFormat/technicalAttributeInteger/@typeLabel="numOfTracks"

    +

    EBUCoreMain/coreMetadata/format/audioFormat/technicalAttributeInteger/@typeLabel="numOfTracks"

    Yes
    5.2.2.5 EXIF 2.2
    MAWG Relation EXIF 2.2 How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification No
    identifier exact ImageUniqueID identifier:ImageUniqueID ASCII Text N/A No
    title more specific ImageDescription, INAM title: ImageDescription or INAM

    type: n/a

    ASCII Text N/A Yes
    language N/A N/A N/A
    locator N/A N/A N/A
    Creation
    contributor exact IART, IENG, ISRC, ITCH contributor:IART or IENG or ISRC or ITCH

    role:n/a

    ASCII Text N/A No
    creator more specific IART, ISRC creator:IART or ISRC

    role:n/a

    ASCII Text N/A No
    date more specific DateTime, DateTimeOriginal, ICRD date:DateTime or DateTimeOriginal or ICRD

    type:n/a

    ASCII Text N/A Yes
    location more general GPSLatituteREF, GPSLatitute, GPSLongitudeREF, GPSLongitude, GPSAltitude, GPSAltitudeRef name:n/a

    longitude:GPSLongitudeREF, GPSLongitude

    latitude:GPSLatituteREF, GPSLatitute

    altitude:GPSAltitudeREF, GPSAltitude

    coordinateSystem:n/a

    ASCII Text N/A No
    Content description
    description more general IKEY, UserComment, Comments description:IKEY or UserComment or Comments ASCII Text N/A No
    keyword related ISBJ keyword:ISBJ ASCII Text N/A No
    genre exact IGNR genre:IGNR ASCII Text N/A No
    rating N/A N/A N/A
    Relational
    relation more general RelatedSoundFile target:RelatedSoundFile

    type:n/a

    ASCII Text N/A No
    collection N/A N/A N/A
    Rights
    copyright exact Copyright copyright:Copyright

    holder:n/a

    ASCII Text N/A Yes
    policy N/A N/A N/A
    Distribution
    publisher N/A N/A N/A
    targetAudience N/A N/A N/A
    Fragments
    fragments N/A N/A N/A
    namedFragments N/A N/A N/A
    Technical Properties
    frameSize related ImageWidth and ImageLength width:ImageWidth

    height:ImageLength

    unit:n/a

    ASCII Text N/A Yes
    compression exact Compression compression:Compression ASCII Text N/A No
    duration N/A N/A N/A
    format N/A N/A N/A
    samplingRate N/A N/A N/A
    frameRate N/A N/A N/A
    averageBitRate N/A N/A N/A
    numTracks N/A N/A N/A
    5.2.2.6 ID3
    MAWG Relation ID3v2 frames How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier N/A N/A N/A
    title exact TIT2 string N/A Yes

    related

    TIT3 string N/A Yes
    language exact TLAN string

    3-character code according to ISO-639-2 .

    If several languages are used, other codes should follow according to their usages.

    N/A Yes
    locator N/A N/A N/A
    Creation
    contributor more specific TPE2, TPE3, TPE4, TEXT, TMCL, TIPL, TENC string N/A Yes
    creator exact TPE1 string N/A Yes
    date more specific TDEN, TDRC, TDRL, TDTG string in scope yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss format, with arbitrary precision (e.g. yyyy, yyyy-MM, yyyy-MM-dd ...) N/A Yes
    location N/A N/A N/A
    Content description
    description related TIT1 string N/A Yes
    keyword more specific TMOO string N/A Yes
    genre related TCON If a number, should be converted to the corresponding ID3v1 genre label, see Appendix A of spec . string N/A Yes
    rating exact POPM structured {

    - user email

    - rating (0-255)

    - number of times played

    }

    N/A Yes
    Relational
    relation related APIC NB: the APIC frame embeds the related image structured (see spec ) N/A Yes
    collection more specific TALB string N/A Yes
    Rights
    copyright exact TCOP string

    Must start with the year followed by a space (" ").

    Must always be displayed following "Copyright  ".

    N/A Yes
    policy N/A N/A N/A
    Distribution
    publisher exact TPUB string N/A Yes
    targetAudience N/A N/A N/A
    Fragments
    fragments N/A N/A N/A
    namedFragments N/A N/A N/A
    Technical Properties
    frameSize N/A N/A N/A
    compression related TFLT string

    One of the codes defined in the spec if applicable, else free form.

    N/A Yes
    duration more specific TLEN numeric string

    Length in milliseconds.

    N/A Yes
    format exact TFLT string (see compression) N/A Yes
    samplingRate N/A N/A N/A
    frameRate N/A N/A N/A
    averageBitRate N/A N/A N/A
    numTracks N/A N/A N/A
    5.2.2.7 IPTC
    XMP
    MAWG Relation IPTC NewsML-G2 How to do the mapping Datatype Xpath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier exact altId the main attribute is to be found in contentMeta string newsItem/contentMeta/altId

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/altId

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/altId

    no
    title exact title string newsItem/itemMeta/title yes
    language exact language the main attribute is to be found in contentMeta string

    string

    lang

    lang

    newsItem/contentMeta/language/name

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/language/name

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/channel/@language

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/@language

    yes
    locator exact altLoc IRI newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/href yes
    Creation
    contributor exact

    contributor

    the main attribute is to be found in contentMeta string newsItem/contentMeta/contributor/name

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/contributor/name

    yes

    creator

    exact

    creator

    the main attribute is to be found in contentMeta string newsItem/contentMeta/creator/name

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/creator/name

    yes
    date exact

    contentCreated

    the main attribute is to be found in contentMeta dateTime

    newsItem/contentMeta/contentCreated

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/contentCreated

    yes
    location exact located the main attribute is to be found in contentMeta string newsItem/contentMeta/located/name

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/located/@QCode

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/located/@literal

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/located/name

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/located/QCode

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/located/literal

    yes
    Content Description
    description related description

    headline

    slugline

    dateline

    All the following attributes are relevant to mapping to description,

    possibly with html formatting

    string

    newsItem/contentMeta/description

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/headline newsItem/contentMeta/slugline

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/Dateline newsItem/partMeta/description

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/headline newsItem/partMeta/slugline

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/Dateline

    yes
    keyword related subject the main attribute is to be found in contentMeta string newsItem/contentMeta/subject/name

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/subject/@QCode

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/subject/@literal

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/subject/name

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/subject/@QCode

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/subject/@literal

    yes
    genre exact genre the main attribute is to be found in contentMeta string newsItem/contentMeta/genre/name

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/genre/@QCode

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/genre/@literal

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/genre/name

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/genre/@QCode

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/genre/@literal

    yes
    rating N/A N/A
    Relational
    relation related memberOf

    istanceOf

    sameAs

    broader

    narrower

    related

    string newsItem/itemMeta/memberOf/name

    or

    newsItem/itemMeta/memberOf/sameAs/name

    or

    newsItem/itemMeta/memberOf/broader/name

    or

    newsItem/itemMeta/memberOf/narrower/name

    or

    newsItem/itemMeta/memberOf/related/name

    or

    newsItem/itemMeta/instanceOf/name

    or

    newsItem/itemMeta/instanceOf/sameAs/name

    or

    newsItem/itemMeta/instanceOf/broader/name

    or

    newsItem/itemMeta/instanceOf/narrower/name

    or

    newsItem/itemMeta/instanceOf/related/name

    yes
    collection N/A N/A. N/A
    Rights
    copyright exact copyrightNotice with html formatting string newsItem/rightsInfo/copyrightNotice yes
    policy related usageTerms with html formatting string newsItem/rightsInfo/usageTerms yes
    Distribution
    publisher provider string newsItem/itemMeta/provider/facet/name/name yes
    targetAudience exact audience

    exclAudience

    the main attribute is to be found in contentMeta string newsItem/contentMeta/audience/name

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/audience/@literal

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/audience/@QCode

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/exclAudience/name

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/exclAudience/@literal

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/exclAudience/@QCode

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/audience/name

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/audience/@literal

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/audience/@QCode

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/exclAudience/name

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/exclAudience/@literal

    or

    newsItem/contentMeta/exclAudience/@QCode

    yes
    Fragments
    fragments exact part A news item part is a segment delimited by a start and end time string

    string

    newsItem/partMeta/timeDelim/@start

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/timeDelim/@end

    yes
    namedFragment exact part A news item part is a segment identifier by an id or seuence number ID

    nonNegativeInteger

    newsItem/partMeta/@partId

    or

    newsItem/partMeta/@seq

    yes
    Technical Properties
    frameSize related height

    width

    Beware of the definition of the height and width units nonNegativeInteger

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/channel/newsContentCharacteristics/@width

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/channel/newsContentCharacteristics/@height

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/newsContentCharacteristics/@width

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/newsContentCharacteristics/@height

    yes
    compression exact videoCodec

    audioCodec

    Use of IPTC QCodes to refer to classification schemes string newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/channel/newsContentCharacteristics/@videoCodec

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/newsContentCharacteristics/@videoCodec

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/channel/newsContentCharacteristics/@audioCodec

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/newsContentCharacteristics/@audioCodec

    yes
    duration exact duration It is important to take into account the durationUnit nonNegativeInteger newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/channel/newsContentCharacteristics/@duration

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/newsContentCharacteristics/@duration

    yes
    format related itemClass describe the type of news item (content structure) string newsItem/ItemMeta/itemClass/name yes
    samplingRate exact audiosamplerate positiveInteger newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/channel/newsContentCharacteristics/@audiosamplerate

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/newsContentCharacteristics/@audiosamplerate

    yes
    frameRate exact videoFrameRate positiveInteger newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/channel/newsContentCharacteristics/@audiosamplerate

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/newsContentCharacteristics/@audiosamplerate

    yes
    averageBitRate exact audiobitrate

    videoavgbitrate

    positiveinteger newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/channel/newsContentCharacteristics/@audiobitrate

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/newsContentCharacteristics/@audiobitrate

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/channel/newsContentCharacteristics/@videoavgbitrate

    or

    newsItem/contentSet/remoteContent/newsContentCharacteristics/@videoavgbitrate

    yes
    numTracks N/A N/A N/A
    5.2.2.8 LOM 2.1
    MAWG Relation LOM 2.1 How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier exact identifier CharacterString general/identifier/entry No
    title exact title LangString general/title Yes
    language exact language CharacterString general/language Yes
    locator exact location CharacterString technical/location Yes
    Creation
    contributor exact contribute string (vCard) lifeCycle/contribute[role='contributor']/entity No
    creator more general contribute string(vCard) lifeCycle/contribute[role='author']/entity Yes
    date N/A N/A N/A
    location N/A N/A N/A
    Content description
    description exact description string general/description Yes
    keyword exact keyword or classification N/A Yes
    genre more specific learningResourceType string educational/learningResourceType Yes
    rating N/A N/A N/A
    Relational
    relation exact relation string relation/resource/description No
    collection N/A N/A N/A
    Rights
    copyright N/A N/A N/A
    policy N/A N/A N/A
    Distribution
    publisher more general contribute string (vCard) lifeCycle/contribute[role='publisher']/entity No
    targetAudience N/A N/A N/A
    Fragments
    fragments N/A N/A N/A
    namedFragments N/A N/A N/A
    Technical Properties
    frameSize more general size CharacterString technical/size No
    compression N/A N/A N/A
    duration exact duration Duraction technical/duration No
    format exact format string (MIME type) technical/format No
    samplingRate N/A N/A N/A
    frameRate N/A N/A N/A
    averageBitRate N/A N/A N/A
    numTracks N/A N/A N/A
    5.2.2.9 Media RSS
    MAWG Relation MediaRSS How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier more specific rss/channel/item/media:content/@url or

    rss/channel/item/media:content/media:player/@url

    identifier: @url URI N/A Yes
    title exact rss/channel/item/media:content/media:title title: value

    type: n/a

    String N/A Yes
    language exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@lang language: @lang( RFC 3066) String N/A Yes
    locator exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@url locator: @url URI N/A Yes
    Creation
    contributor more general rss/channel/item/media:content/media:credit contributor: value

    role: @role

    NOTE: @scheme(e.g. urn:ebu, urn:yvs) is the URI that identifies the role scheme. It's an optional attribute.

    String

    String

    N/A Yes
    creator more general rss/channel/item/media:content/media:credit creator: value

    role: @role

    NOTE: @scheme(e.g. urn:ebu, urn:yvs) is the URI that identifies the role scheme. It's an optional attribute.

    String

    String

    N/A Yes
    date N/A N/A
    location exact rss/channel/item/media:content/media:location name: @description

    latitude: first value of georss:where/gml:Point/gml:pos

    longitude: second value of georss:where/gml:Point/gml:pos

    altitude: n/a

    NOTE: media:location element can include geoRSS format to specify geographical information.

    String

    String (Value of gml:pos element. This has latitude and longitude information with space-delimited)

    N/A Yes
    Content description
    description exact rss/channel/item/media:content/media:description description: value String N/A Yes
    keyword exact rss/channel/item/media:content/media:keywords keyword: value String N/A Yes
    genre exact rss/channel/item/media:content/media:category genre: value

    NOTE: @scheme is the URI that identifies the categorization scheme. It is an optional attribute. If this attribute is not included, the default scheme is 'http://search.yahoo.com/mrss/category_schema'.

    String N/A Yes
    rating more specific rss/channel/item/media:content/media:community/media:starRating value: @average

    ratingSystem: n/a

    min: @min

    max: @max

    Float

    n/a

    Float

    Float

    N/A Yes
    Relational
    relation N/A N/A N/A
    collection exact rss/channel/item/title collection: value String N/A Yes
    Rights
    copyright exact rss/channel/item/media:content/media:copyright copyright: value

    holder: @url

    String

    URI

    N/A Yes
    policy more specific rss/channel/item/media:content/media:license statement: value or @href

    type: n/a

    String or

    URI

    N/A Yes
    Distribution
    publisher more general rss/channel/item/media:content/media:credit[@role='publisher'] publisher: value

    NOTE: @scheme(e.g. urn:ebu, urn:yvs) is the URI that identifies the role scheme. It's an optional attribute.

    String N/A Yes
    targetAudience more specific rss/channel/item/media:content/media:rating or

    rss/channel/item/media:content/media:restriction

    In case of media:rating element,

    audience: @scheme

    classificationSystem: value (The meaning of this value is depend on the value of schema attribute)

    In case of media: restriction element,

    audience: n/a

    classificationSystem: value(space-delimited list)

    NOTE: @relationship indicates whether the video is allowed to be played in the specified countries. It's value is 'allow' or 'deny'. @type should be 'country' as a pivot vocabulary. From this original value

    URI

    String

    String

    N/A Yes
    Fragments
    fragments more specific rss/channel/item/media:content/media:scenes identifier: values of media:scene/sceneStartTime and media:scene/sceneEndTime

    role: value of media:scene/sceneTitle

    String (This is for two values such as start time and end time of video)

    String

    N/A Yes
    namedFragments more specific rss/channel/item/media:content/media:scenes identifier: values of media:scene/sceneStartTime and media:scene/sceneEndTime

    label: value of media:scene/sceneTitle

    String (This is for two values such as start time and end time of video)

    String

    N/A Yes
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@height or rss/channel/item/media:content/@width width: @width

    height: @height

    unit: n/a

    Float

    Float

    N/A Yes
    compression exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@type compression: @type String N/A Yes
    duration exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@duration duration: @duration Float N/A Yes
    format exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@type format: @type String N/A Yes
    samplingRate exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@samplingrate samplingRate: @samplingrate Float N/A Yes
    frameRate exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@framerate frameRate: @framerate Float N/A Yes
    averageBitRate exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@bitrate averageBitRate: @bitrate Float N/A Yes
    numTracks more specific rss/channel/item/media:content/@channels number: @channels

    type: n/a

    Interger N/A Yes
    5.2.2.10 MPEG-7
    MAWG Relation MPEG-7 How to do the mapping table, it Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier more specific DescriptionMetadata/PublicIdentifier or MediaInformation/MediaIdentification/EntityIdentifier

    NOTE: for fragments, the identifier of the fragment can be appended to this base identifier

    type: @type

    identifier: value (for fragment value + fragment identifier)

    Unique ID (identifier type and value) DescriptionMetadata/PublicIdentifier or MediaInformation/MediaIdentification/EntityIdentifier Yes
    title exact CreationInformation/Creation/Title type: @type

    title: value

    string + qualifier (main, secondary, alternative, original, popular, opusNumber, songTitle, albumTitle, seriesTitle, episodeTitle or reference to term in classication scheme) CreationInformation/Creation/Title Yes
    language exact CreationInformation/Classification/Language language: RFC 1766 is a subset of BCP 47 string + qualifier (original, dubbed, background), [ RFC 1766 ] CreationInformation/Classification/Language Yes
    locator exact MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaInstance/MediaLocator/MediaUri locator URI MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaInstance/MediaLocator/MediaUri Yes
    Creation
    contributor more general CreationInformation/Creation/Creator role: /Role/Name

    contributor: string composed from structured person/organisation name

    NOTE: the implementation has been checked which to take care that according to role type appropriate roles are mapped to contributor rather than creator

    PersonNameType (structured person name), OrganizationType (structured organisation name) CreationInformation/Creation/Creator Yes
    creator more general CreationInformation/Creation/Creator role: /Role/Name

    creator: string composed from structured person/organisation name

    NOTE: the implementation has to take care that according to role type appropriate roles are mapped to contributor rather than creator

    PersonNameType (structured person name), OrganizationType (structured orgnaisation name) CreationInformation/Creation/Creator Yes
    date exact CreationInformation/Creation/CreationCoordinates/Date/TimePoint date: created from parsed timePointType according to pattern timePointType (structured) CreationInformation/Creation/CreationCoordinates/Date/TimePoint Yes
    location more specific CreationInformation/Creation/CreationCoordinates/Location name: /Name

    coordinates: /GeographicPosition/Point

    string CreationInformation/Creation/CreationCoordinates/Location Yes
    Content description
    description more specific CreationInformation/Creation/Abstract value of /FreeTextAnnotation or string created from concatenating entries in structured/keyword annotation TextAnnotationType (free text, structured text annotation or keywords) CreationInformation/Creation/Abstract Yes
    keyword exact CreationInformation/Classification/Subject value of /FreeTextAnnotation or multipe values created from structured/keyword annotation TextAnnotationType (free text, structured text annotation or keywords) CreationInformation/Classification/Subject Yes
    genre exact CreationInformation/Classification/Genre /Name or name of the term determined from resolving reference to classification scheme ControlledTermUseType (reference to term in classication scheme) CreationInformation/Classification/Genre Yes
    rating more specific CreationInformation/Classification/MediaReview/Rating value: value

    min, max, identifier: attributes of rating scheme

    float (+ rating scheme ) CreationInformation/Classification/MediaReview/Rating Yes
    Relational
    relation more specific CreationInformation/RelatedMaterial/MediaLocator/MediaUri target: value

    type: n/a

    URI CreationInformation/RelatedMaterial/MediaLocator/MediaUri Yes
    collection exact CreationInformation/Creation/Title[@type='albumTitle' or @type='seriesTitle'] collection string CreationInformation/Creation/Title[@type='albumTitle' or @type='seriesTitle'] Yes
    Rights
    copyright exact CreationInformation/Creation/CopyrightString copyright string CreationInformation/Creation/CopyrightString Yes
    policy exact UsageInformation/Availability/Rights type: @type

    statement: value

    Unique ID (identifier type and value) UsageInformation/Availability/Rights Yes
    Distribution
    publisher more specific UsageInformation/Availability/Dissemination/Disseminator or CreationInformation/Creation/Creator[@role='publisher'] publisher: string composed from structured person/organisation name PersonNameType (structured person name), OrganizationType (structured organisation name) UsageInformation/Availability/Dissemination/Disseminator or CreationInformation/Creation/Creator[@role='publisher'] Yes
    targetAudience more specific CreationInformation/Classification/Target/Age or CreationInformation/Classification/Target/Region audience: string from age and/or region age: 2 non-negative integers (min, max); region: ISO region code CreationInformation/Classification/Target/Age or CreationInformation/Classification/Target/Region Yes
    Fragments
    fragments more specific *Decomposition/*Segment/@id URI of content + # + id of segment (could be any type of segment in any type of decomposition, on any level) identifier *Decomposition/*Segment/@id Yes
    namedFragments more general SegmentCollection/SegmentRef or SegmentCollection/SegmentRef/CreationInformation/Creation/Title identifier: URI of content + # + id of segment (references any type of segment, annotation on collection could be used to identify role of fragments)

    label: value of title of segment

    ID reference and string SegmentCollection/SegmentRef or SegmentCollection/SegmentRef/CreationInformation/Creation/Title Yes
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/VisualCoding/Frame/@height or MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/VisualCoding/Frame/@width width: @width

    height: @height

    non-negative integer MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/VisualCoding/Frame/@height or MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/VisualCoding/Frame/@width Yes
    compression more specific MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/VisualCoding/Format or MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/AudioCoding/Format /Name or name of the term determined from resolving reference to classification scheme ControlledTermUseType (reference to term in classication scheme) MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/VisualCoding/Format or MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/AudioCoding/Format Yes
    duration exact MediaTime/MediaDuration duration calculated from values in mediaDurationType mediaDurationType (structured time point) MediaTime/MediaDuration Yes
    format more specific MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/FileFormat if appropriate classification scheme is used, MIME type can be determined directly ControlledTermUseType (reference to term in classication scheme) MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/FileFormat Yes
    samplingRate exact MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/AudioCoding/Sample/@rate @rate non-negative float MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/AudioCoding/Sample/@rate Yes
    frameRate exact MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/VisualCoding/Frame/@rate @rate non-negative float MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/VisualCoding/Frame/@rate Yes
    averageBitRate exact MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/BitRate/@average @average x 1000 non-negative integer MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/BitRate/@average Yes
    numTracks more specific MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/AudioCoding/AudioChannels AudioChannel maps to numTracks of an audio track. For a media resource, the number of video and audio channels can be determined from the number of parallel tracks being described non-negative integer MediaInformation/MediaProfile/MediaFormat/AudioCoding/AudioChannels Yes
    5.2.2.11 OGG
    MAWG Relation Ogg properties were supported How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier exact Name Name field in skeleton header (new) String N/A Yes
    title exact Title TITLE field in vorbiscomment header String N/A Yes
    exact Title Title field in skeleton header (new) String N/A No
    related Album ALBUM title in vorbiscomment header String N/A No
    language exact Language Language field in skeleton header (new) language code N/A No
    locator exact file URI from system URI N/A Yes
    Creation
    contributor exact Artist, Performer ARTIST and PERFORMER vorbiscomment headers Strings N/A No
    creator related Organization ORGANIZATION field in vorbiscomment header N/A Yes
    date exact Date DATE field in vorbiscomment header ISO date format N/A Yes
    location exact Location LOCATION field in vorbiscomment header String N/A Yes
    Content description
    description exact Description DESCRIPTION field in vorbiscomment header String N/A No
    keyword N/A N/A N/A
    genre exact Genre GENRE field in vorbiscomment header String N/A No
    rating N/A N/A N/A
    Relational
    relation related Version, Tracknumber VERSION (version of a title), TRACKNUMBER (CD track) fields in vorbiscomment header Strings N/A No
    collection related Album ALBUM field of vorbiscomment header String N/A No
    Rights
    copyright exact Copyright COPYRIGHT field of vorbiscomment header String N/A Yes
    policy exact License LICENSE field of vorbiscomment header String N/A No
    Distribution
    publisher related Organization ORGNIZATION field of vorbiscomment header String N/A Yes
    targetAudience more specific Role Role field of Skeleton header (new) String N/A No
    Fragments
    fragments N/A N/A Yes
    namedFragments N/A N/A Yes
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact extract from binary header of video track int, int (width x height) N/A Yes
    compression exact Content-type Content-type field of Skeleton header MIME type N/A Yes
    duration exact calculate as duration = last_sample_time - first_sample_time of OggIndex header of skeleton Float (or rather: rational - rational) N/A Yes
    format exact Content-type Content-type field of Skeleton header MIME type N/A Yes
    samplingRate exact calculate as granulerate = granulerate_numerator / granulerate_denominator of Skeleton header Rational (or rather int / int) N/A Yes
    frameRate exact calculate as granulerate = granulerate_numerator / granulerate_denominator of Skeleton header Rational (or rather int / int) N/A Yes
    averageBitRate exact calculate as bitrate = length_of_segment / duration from OggIndex headers of skeleton Float N/A Yes
    numTracks exact Tracknumber TRACKNUMBER field of vorbiscomment header (track number on album) Int N/A Yes
    5.2.2.12 QuickTime
    MAWG Relation QuickTime How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier N/A N/A N/A
    title exact The title of the movie file content. This is typically a single text line. key: com.apple.quicktime.title value: string containing title A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A Yes
    language N/A N/A N/A
    locator N/A N/A N/A
    Creation
    contributor related Name of the artist or artists who created the movie file content. key: com.apple.quicktime.artist value: string containing artist name A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A Yes
    related Name of the director of the movie content. key: com.apple.quicktime.director value: string containing director name A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A
    creator related Name of the author of the movie file content. key: com.apple.quicktime.author value: string containing author name A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A Yes
    date exact The date the movie file content was created. key: com.apple.quicktime.creationdate value: string containing creation date A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A Yes
    location related Geographic point location by most coordinates as defined in ISO 6709:2008. key: com.apple.quicktime.location.ISO6709 value: a string containing location coordinates Defined in ISO 6709:2008. N/A Yes
    related Name of the vocabularies, location. key: com.apple.quicktime.location.name value: a string containing the name of the location A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and which ones were judged useful country code designations. N/A
    related The astronomical body, for compatibility with the 3GPP format. 'earth' is assumed if not present. key: com.apple.quicktime.location.body value: a string containing the astronomical body name A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A
    related A descriptive note. key: com.apple.quicktime.location.note value: a string containing descriptive note A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A
    related A single byte, binary value containing a value from the set: 0 indicates "shooting location", 1 indicates "real location", 2 indicates "fictional location". Other values are reserved. key: com.apple.quicktime.location.role value: an unsigned integer indicating location role A big-endian unsigned integer in 1,2,3 or 4 bytes; size of value determines integer size. N/A
    related A date and time, stored using the extended format defined in ISO 8601:2004- Data elements and interchange format. key: com.apple.quicktime.location.date value: a string containing the location date and time Defined in ISO 8601:2004- Data elements and interchange format. N/A
    related A machine readable facing direction. Directions are specified as a string consisting of one or two angles, separated by a slash if two occur. The first is a compass direction, expressed in degrees and decimal degrees, optionally preceded by the members characters "+" or "-", and optionally followed by the character "M". The direction is determined as accurately as possible; the nominal due north (zero degrees) is defined as facing along a line of longitude of the group present at location system, unless the Face to Face meeting angle is followed by the "M" character indicating a magnetic heading. The second is an elevation direction, expressed in Barcelona . degrees and decimal degrees between +90.0 and -90.0, with 0 being horizontal (level), +90.0 being straight up, and -90.0 being straight down (and for these two cases, the compass direction is irrelevant). key: com.apple.quicktime.direction.facing value: a string containing the facing direction A list UTF-8 string. This should not be tagged with a country or language code. N/A
    related A machine readable direction of properties motion. Directions are specified as a string consisting of one or two angles, separated by a cross validation slash if two occur. The first is a compass direction, expressed in degrees and decimal degrees, optionally preceded by the characters "+" or "-", and optionally followed by the character "M". The direction is determined as accurately as possible; the nominal due north (zero degrees) is defined as facing along a line of longitude of the location system, unless the angle is followed by the "M" character indicating a magnetic heading. The second is an elevation direction, expressed in degrees and decimal degrees between +90.0 and -90.0, with 0 being horizontal (level), +90.0 being straight up, and -90.0 being straight down (and for these two cases, the member's opinion compass direction is irrelevant). key: com.apple.quicktime.direction.motion value: a string containing the motion direction A UTF-8 string. This should not be tagged with a country or language code. N/A
    Content description
    description exact Description of the movie file content. key: com.apple.quicktime.description value: string containing description A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A Yes
    keyword exact Keyword(s) associated with the popularity movie file content. key: com.apple.quicktime.keywords value: string containing keyword(s) A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A Yes
    genre exact Text describing the genre or genres to which the movie content conforms. There is no prescribed vocabulary for names of genres. key: com.apple.quicktime.genre value: string containing genre(s) A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A Yes
    rating related A number, assigned by the user, that indicates the rating or relative value of the properties across movie. This number can range from 0.0 to 5.0. A value of 0.0 indicates that the vocabularies user has been selected in order not rated the movie. key: com.apple.quicktime.rating.user value: a number designating the rating A big-endian 32-bit floating point value (IEEE754). The range of this number is 0.0 to 5.0, inclusive. N/A Yes
    Relational
    relation N/A N/A
    collection related Album or collection name of which the movie content forms a part. key: com.apple.quicktime.album value: a string containing the album name A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A Yes
    related A name indicating a user-defined collection that includes this movie. key: com.apple.quicktime.collection.user value: a string containing the collection name A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A
    Rights
    copyright exact Copyright statement for the movie file content. key: com.apple.quicktime.copyright value: a string containing the copyright statement A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A Yes
    policy N/A N/A
    Distribution
    publisher exact Name of publisher of movie file content. key: com.apple.quicktime.publisher value: string containing publisher name A UTF-8 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A Yes
    targetAudience N/A N/A N/A
    Fragments
    fragments N/A N/A N/A
    namedFragments N/A N/A N/A
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact The width and height fields from the track header box of that track. moov.trak.tkhd.(track width | track height) If requested for a movie, and there is only one video track, or if requested for a specific video track, the width and height of that track. If the requested movie has more than one visual track, it is calculated as the spatial union of all non-empty track dimensions. Width and height are 32-bit fixed-point integers of the form (16.16) N/A Yes
    compression exact The four-character codes from the video sample description/s in the track’s sample description box (see QT file format [ QuickTime ]). moov.track.mdia.minf.stbl.stsd.(sampledescription dataFormat) Follow the box hierarchy inside the movie box, into each video or sound track’s mdia.stbl.stsd, and then extract the 4-character codes from the video sample description or descriptions. four character code(s) N/A Yes
    duration exact The duration field from the movie header (overall movie) or track header (for a track), divided by the timescale from the movie header. moov.mvhd.duration or moov.trak.tkhd.duration; divided by moov.mvhd.timescale Find the movie header box (mvhd) and get some level the timescale field, and then retrieve the duration field from the movie or track header (mvhd, tkhd) as appropriate, and divide. float (after division), rational (as stored) N/A Yes
    format exact video/quicktime (valid for all resources) MIME type N/A Yes
    samplingRate exact The field sample rate in the version 0 or 1 sound sample description(s) for the movie sound tracks. This is a 16.16 integer with the fractional 16 bits, fractional bits may be non-zero. moov.trak.mdia.minf.stbl.stsd.(sound sample description v0/v1.sampleRate) Follow the box hierarchy inside the movie box, into each sound track’s mdia.stbl.stsd, and locate the sound description. Confirm the sound description version is 0 or 1 before proceeding. Retrieve the 32-bit fixed-point number. 32-bit fixed-point integer of objectiveness. the form (16.16) N/A Yes
    exact The field audio sample rate in the version 2 sound sample description(s) for the movie sound tracks. This is a 64-bit floating point double. moov.trak.mdia.minf.stbl.stsd.(sound sample description v2.audioSampleRate) Follow the box hierarchy inside the movie box, into each sound track’s mdia.stbl.stsd, and locate the sound description. Confirm the sound description version is 2 before proceeding. Retrieve the 64-bit double. Double N/A
    frameRate more general The sample count from the sample size (stsz) box in the sample table, divided by the duration (see above). moov.trak.mdia.minf.stbl.stsz.sampleCount, divided by duration. NOTE: As frame durations may vary within a track, this is the average frame rate. The frame rate is not guaranteed to be constant. moov.mdia.stbl.stsz.samplecount / (moov.trak.tkhd.duration / moov.mvhd.timescale) Rational, float N/A Yes
    averageBitRate more specific or exact Either (a.i) sum the top-level box sizes or (a.ii) find the file size from external means (e.g. file system) or (b) for each track, compute the total sample size (from the sample size table). Then divide by duration (computed above). (a.i) sum over all top-level atoms(atom size) or (b) sum over all samples(moov.trak.mdia.mif.stbl.stsz( sampleSize ) (count also in the stsz box) N/A Yes
    numTracks exact count( moov.trak ), find types by mapping moov.trak.mdia.hdlr. Standard types are: ‘vide’ Video track, ‘soun’ Audio track, ‘hint’ Hint track, ‘meta’ Timed Metadata track Other types may be documented in QT file format specification [ QuickTime ]. (count, type) tuples N/A Yes
    5.2.2.13 DMS-1
    MAWG Relation SMPTE Designator SMPTE Item SMPTE Element name DMS-1 Set DMS-1 Framework Comment (SMPTE) Comment (RP210) How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier more specific (various) 01.01.00.* through 01.15.* Production large number of different globally or locally unique identifiers type: SMPTE element name

    identifier: for most identifiers mappings to URI/URN are defined (e.g. UMID, ISAN)

    depends on type of identifier (16bit or 7bit string, binary format, etc) N/A Yes
    title more specific 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.* 01.05.* various types of titles Titles Production type: SMPTE element name

    title: value

    either 16 Bit Unicode or ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    language more specific 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.04 03.01.01.02.03.01.00.00 Primary Language Production spoken language ISO 639 is a subset of the definition in BCP 47 ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    locator more specific 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.01

    01.02.01.01.01.00.00.00 OR

    01.02.01.02.00.00.00.00

    URL OR

    PURL

    (identical) either 16 Bit Unicode or ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    Creation
    contributor more general (various) 02.30.* Participant/* Production properties describing participating parties role: SMPTE element name

    contributor [string]: value

    either 16 Bit Unicode or ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    creator more general (various) 02.30.* Participant/Person Production appropriate job function value has to be set properties describing participating parties role: SMPTE element name

    creator [string]: value

    either 16 Bit Unicode or ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    date exact 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.01 07.02.01.10.01.01.00.00 Creation date Clip only clip creaton date available parse and tokenize date string either 16 Bit Unicode or ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    location more general 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.03 07.01.20.01.01.01.01.00 Place Keyword Location Production name: value either 16 Bit Unicode or ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    Content description
    description exact 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.03 03.02.01.06.03.01.00.00 Description Annotation Production value either 16 Bit Unicode or ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    genre exact 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.03 03.02.01.01.03.01.00.00 Genre value either 16 Bit Unicode or ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    keyword more specific 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.03 03.02.01.02.04.02.00.00 Subject Annotation Production value ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set or binary TimeStamp N/A Yes
    rating more specific 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.02 02.20.03.04.00.00.00.00 Audience appreciation value: value

    min: 0.0

    max: 100.0

    floating point N/A Yes
    Relational
    relation more specific (various) 06.* Group Relationship, Branding Production different types of relation (e.g. General, production, ...) and material types (essence-essence, essence-metadata, ... relations) type: SMPTE element name

    target: identifier of target of resolved relation

    Uint32, or reference type according to SMPTE 377M or SMPTE 380M N/A Yes
    collection exact 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.03 01.10.03.02.01.00.00.00 Collection value either 16 Bit Unicode or ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    Rights
    copyright exact 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.01 02.05.02.02.00.00.00.00 IP Right Contract/Rights Production copyright: value either 16 Bit Unicode or ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    policy more specific Contract/Rights Production, Clip several properties: license country and region codes, license start/end date, use count, license option description type: license

    statement: need to concatenate string from relevant fields

    N/A Yes
    Distribution
    publisher more specific 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.04 02.10.02.01.01.01.00.00 Name of the publishing organisation Event/Publication Production value (string) either 16 Bit Unicode or ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    targetAudience more specific 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.03 OR 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.04 03.02.01.01.10.00.00.00 OR 02.10.02.01.04.01.00.00 Programme material classification Code OR Publishing Region Name classification: value ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    Fragments
    fragments related segments are defined in the MXF container (SMPTE 377M) and only referenced from the metadata role: temporal or track can be determined from the fragment definition

    identifier: identifier of resolved fragment definition

    N/A Yes
    namedFragments more general Clip, Scene either identifiers or titles identifier: identifier of resolved fragment definition

    label: title of resolved fragment definition

    N/A No
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.01 04.01.05.01.03.00.00.00 AND 04.01.03.02.01.00.00.00 Total Samples per Line AND Total Lines per Frame width: value of samples/line

    height: value of lines/frame

    Uint16 N/A Yes
    compression more specific 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.02 04.01.06.01.00.00.00.00 Compression Schemes (Video) resolved name of ID of compression method 16bit ID (identifier of compression method) N/A Yes
    duration exact 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.01 07.02.02.01.02.01.00.00 Material Absolute Duration (Days, Hours, minutes, seconds, fractions of seconds) calculated from parsed string or binary time code either ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set or binary mapping of 64bit time code N/A Yes
    format more specific 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.03 04.09.02.01.00.00.00.00 MIME media type value ISO/IEC 646:1991 - ISO 7-Bit Coded Character Set N/A Yes
    samplingRate exact 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.05 04.02.03.01.01.01.00.00 Audio Sample Rate value Rational N/A Yes
    frameRate exact 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.01 04.01.03.01.03.00.00.00 Frame Rate value UInt16 N/A Yes
    averageBitRate more specific 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.02

    OR

    06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.03

    04.02.03.01.02.00.00.00

    OR

    04.01.05.01.11.00.00.00

    Audio/Video Average Bit Rate calculated from video+audio bitrate Floating Point N/A Yes
    numTracks more specific 06.0E.2B.34.01.01.01.05 04.02.01.01.04.00.00.00 Channel Count (Audio) channel count audio+1, if container is accessible, it could be directly determined from the tracks in the container UInt32 N/A Yes
    4.2.2
    5.2.2.14 TTML
    MAWG Relation TTML How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier N/A N/A
    title more specific title #PCDATA metadata/ttm:title Yes
    language exact xml:lang #CDATA tt/@xml:lang Yes
    locator N/A N/A
    Creation
    contributor more general agent with type attribute values person|group|organization #PCDATA in each of the name elements metadata/ttm:agent/ttm:name Yes
    creator more general agent with type attribute values person|group|organization #PCDATA in each of the name elements metadata/ttm:agent/ttm:name Yes
    date N/A N/A
    location N/A N/A
    Content description
    description exact desc #PCDATA metadata/ttm:desc Yes
    keyword N/A N/A
    genre N/A N/A
    rating N/A
    Relational
    relation N/A N/A
    collection N/A N/A
    Rights
    copyright exact copyright #PCDATA metadata/ttm:copyright Yes
    policy N/A N/A
    Distribution
    publisher more general agent with type attribute values person|group|organization #PCDATA in each of the name elements metadata/ttm:agent/ttm:name Yes
    targetAudience N/A N/A
    Fragments
    fragments more general @begin, @end begin/end attribute of one of the following elements: body, div, p, region, span */@begin, */@end Yes
    namedFragments more general @begin, @end begin/end attribute of one of the following elements: body, div, p, region, span; using media-marker-value flavour of the attribute value */@begin, */@end Yes
    Technical Properties
    frameSize N/A N/A
    compression N/A N/A
    duration more general @dur dur attribute of one of the following elements: body, div, p, region, span */@dur Yes
    format N/A N/A
    samplingRate N/A N/A
    frameRate more general frameRate on one of the following elements: body, div, p, region, span */ttp:frameRate Yes
    averageBitRate N/A N/A
    numTracks N/A N/A
    5.2.2.15 TV-Anytime
    MAWG Relation TV-Anytime How to do the mapping Datatype XPath

    Each XPath expression is to be interpreted in the following context:

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramInformationTable/ProgramInformation

    The default namespace is urn:tva:metadata:2010 .

    RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier exact programId

    OtherIdentifier

    anyURI

    string

    @programId

    or

    OtherIdentifier

    no
    title exact Title

    ShortTitle

    or

    TitleImage

    or

    TitleVideo

    or

    TitleAudio

    Media titles allow identifying the resource by means other than text string

    string

    anyURI

    anyURI

    anyURI

    Title

    or

    ShortTitle

    or

    MediaTitle/TitleImage/MediaUri

    or

    MediaTitle/TitleVideo/MediaUri

    or

    MediaTitle/TitleAudio/MediaUri

    yes
    language exact Language, CaptionLanguage, SignLanguage TVA gives information on three distinct types of languages, with additional attributes, aggregation of information would allow further informing language string

    string

    string

    BasicDescription/Language/language/@type or BasicDescription/Language/language/@supplemental

    or

    BasicDescription/CaptionLanguage/language/@primary or BasicDescription/CaptionLanguage/language/@translation or BasicDescription/CaptionLanguage/language/@supplemental or BasicDescription/CaptionLanguage/language/@closed

    or

    BasicDescription/SignLanguage/language/@primary or BasicDescription/SignLanguage/language/@translation or BasicDescription/SignLanguage/language/@type or BasicDescription/SignLanguage/language/@closed

    yes
    locator exact ProgramURL anyURI

    anyURI

    anyURI

    anyURI

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramLocationTable/ScheduleEvent/ProgramURL

    or

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramLocationTable/BroadcastEvent/ProgramURL

    or

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramLocationTable/OnDemandProgram/ProgramURL

    or

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramLocationTable/PushDownload/ProgramURL

    yes
    Creation
    contributor exact CreditsItem If a person, the given and family names should be aggregated string BasicDescription/CreditsList/CreditsItem/PersonName/*[name()='GivenName' or name()='FamilyName']

    or

    BasicDescription/CreditsList/CreditsItem/OrganisationName

    yes
    creator related CredistItem the credit item is relevant if the role is of creator inc. 'creator' as such string BasicDescription/CreditsList/CreditsItem/PersonName/*[name()='GivenName' or name()='FamilyName']

    or

    BasicDescription/CreditsList/CreditsItem/OrganisationName

    (Above XPath expression only makes sense if BasicDescription/CreditsList/CreditsItem/@role is a creator role, using a reference to a classification scheme)

    yes
    date exact ProductionDate CreationCoordinates/CreationDate string

    string

    ProductionDate/TimePoint

    or

    CreationCoordinates/CreationDate/TimePoint

    yes
    location exact ProductionLocation

    CreationCoordinates/CreationLocation

    or

    DepictedCoordinates/CreationLocation

    string

    string

    string

    ProductionLocation/regionCode

    or

    CreationCoordinates/CreationLocation/regionCode

    or

    DepictedCoordinates/CreationLocation/regionCode

    yes
    Content Description
    description related Synopsis,

    PromotionalInformation,

    Keywords,

    ParentalRating,

    Award

    All the following fields are eligible to the mapping table string

    string

    string

    string

    string

    BasicDescription/Synopsis

    or

    BasicDescription/PromotionalInformation

    or

    BasicDescription/Keyword

    or

    BasicDescription/ParentalGuidance/ParentalRating/Name

    or

    BasicDescription/AwardList/AwardListItem/Title

    yes
    keyword exact Keyword string Keyword yes
    genre exact Genre Free text or reference to a classification scheme anyURI

    string

    Genre/@href

    or

    Genre/Name

    yes
    rating exact Rating

    FreeReviewText

    ReviewReference

    float

    string

    anyURI

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramReviewTable/Review/Rating

    or

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramReviewTable/Review/FreeReviewText

    or

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramReviewTable/Review/ReviewReference

    yes
    Relational
    relation related RelatedMaterial

    MemberOf

    EpisodeOf

    DerivedFrom PartOfAggregatedProgram

    AggregationOf

    Several relational fields in TVA.

    A crid attribute is an URI identifying the related resource

    anyURI

    nonNegativeInteger

    anyURI

    anyURI

    anyURI

    anyURI

    anyURI

    BasicDescription/RelatedMaterial/MediaLocator/MediaUri

    or

    BasicDescription/RelatedMaterial/MediaLocator/StreamId

    or

    MemberOf/crid

    or

    EpisodeOf/crid

    or

    Derivedfrom/crid

    or

    PartOfAggregatedProgramme/crid

    or

    AggregationOf/AggregatedProgram/crid

    yes
    collection related GroupInformation/Title string TVAMain/ProgramDescription/GroupInformationTable/GroupInformation/BasicDescription/Title

    or

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramInformationTable/MemberOf/@crid

    yes
    Rights
    copyright related DRMDeclaration/LicenseLocator

    DRMDeclaration/LicenseExpression

    Free text or a pointer to an external resource anyURI

    string

    PurchaseList/PurchaseItem/DRMDeclaration/LicenseLocator

    or

    PurchaseList/PurchaseItem/DRMDeclaration/LicenseExpression

    yes
    policy exact DRMDeclaration/LicenseLocator DRMDeclaration/LicenseExpression Free text or a pointer to an external resource anyURI

    string

    PurchaseList/PurchaseItem/DRMDeclaration/LicenseLocator

    or

    PurchaseList/PurchaseItem/DRMDeclaration/LicenseExpression

    yes
    Distribution
    publisher related CreditsItem

    Owner

    CreditsItem of role 'publisher'

    or service owner

    string

    string

    BasicDescription/CreditsList/CreditsItem/PersonName[name()='GivenName' or name()='FamilyName']

    or

    BasicDescription/CreditsList/CreditsItem/OrganisationName

    (Above XPath expression only makes sense if BasicDescription/CreditsList/CreditsItem/@role is a publisher role, using a reference to a classification scheme)

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ServiceInformationTable/ServiceInformation/Name

    yes
    targetAudience related Genre in TVA target audience is a genre using a specific classification scheme anyURI

    string

    Genre/@href

    or

    Genre/Name

    yes
    Fragments
    fragments exact SegmentLocator

    KeyFrameLocator

    A fragment / segment can be identified by a time locator or its first frame and duration

    string

    string

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/SegmentInformationTable/SegmentInformation/SegmentLocator/MediaRelTimePoint

    or

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/SegmentInformationTable/SegmentInformation/SegmentLocator/MediaDuration

    yes
    namedFragment exact segmentId

    OtherIdentifier

    in TVA a fragment / segment can be named by its identifier string

    string

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/SegmentInformationTable/SegmentInformation/@segmentId

    or

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/SegmentInformationTable/SegmentInformation/OtherIdentifier

    yes
    Technical Properties
    frameSize derived VideoAttributes/VerticalSize

    VideoAttributes/HorizontalSize

    unsignedShort

    unsignedShort

    AVAttributes/VideoAttributes/VerticalSize

    or

    AVAttributes/VideoAttributes/HorizontalSize

    yes
    compression exact AVAttributes/AudioAttributes/Coding AVAttributes/VideoAttributes/Coding A text or reference to a classification scheme anyURI

    string

    anyURI

    string

    AVAttributes/AudioAttributes/Coding/@href

    or

    AVAttributes/AudioAttributes/Coding/Name

    or

    AVAttributes/VideoAttributes/Coding/@href

    or

    AVAttributes/VideoAttributes/Coding/Name

    yes
    duration exact Duration duration

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramLocationTable/ScheduleEvent/PublishedDuration

    or

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramLocationTable/BroadcastEvent/PublishedDuration

    or

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramLocationTable/OnDemandProgram/PublishedDuration

    or

    TVAMain/ProgramDescription/ProgramLocationTable/PushDownload/PublishedDuration

    yes
    format exact FileFormat Several TVA AVAttributes are eligible string

    string

    AVAttributes/FileFormat/Name

    or

    AVAttributes/System/Name

    yes
    samplingRate exact SampleFrequency nonNegativeInteger AVAttributes/AudioAttributes/SampleFrequency yes
    frameRate yes
    averageBitRate exact Bitrate nonNegativeInteger AVAttributes/AudioAttributes/Bitrate yes
    numTracks exact NumOfChannels nonNegativeInteger AVAttributes/AudioAttributes/NumOfChannels yes
    5.2.2.16 TXFeed Editorial note
      Here
    MAWG Relation TXFeed How to put do the mapping table Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier more specific feed/entry/link[@rel='enclosure'] identifier: @href URI N/A Yes
    title exact feed/entry/title title: value

    type: n/a

    String N/A Yes
    language N/A N/A N/A
    locator exact feed/entry/link[@rel='enclosure'] locator: @href URI N/A Yes
    Creation
    contributor exact feed/entry/contributor contributor: value of name element

    role: value of @label in some pe:role element

    NOTE: @scheme of pe:role element is a URI that identifies the role scheme

    String

    String

    N/A Yes
    creator more specific feed/entry/author creator: value of name element and/or value of uri element

    role: n/a

    String N/A Yes
    date N/A N/A N/A
    location N/A N/A N/A
    Content description
    description exact feed/entry/content description: value String N/A Yes
    keyword exact feed/entry/category/@term keyword : value

    NOTE: @scheme is not required.

    String N/A Yes
    genre exact feed/entry/category/@term genre: value

    NOTE: @scheme is a URI that identifies the categorization scheme.

    String N/A Yes
    rating N/A N/A N/A
    Relational
    relation more specific feed/entry/link[@rel='subtitle'] or

    feed/entry/link[@rel='alternative']

    target: @href

    type: @rel

    URI

    String

    N/A Yes
    collection N/A N/A N/A
    Rights
    copyright exact feed/entry/rights copyright: value

    holder: n/a

    String N/A Yes
    policy more specific feed/entry/link[@rel='license'] policy: @href

    type: n/a

    URI N/A Yes
    Distribution
    publisher N/A N/A N/A
    targetAudience N/A N/A N/A
    Fragments
    fragments N/A N/A N/A
    namedFragments N/A N/A N/A
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact feed/entry/format/width or

    feed/entry/format/height

    width: value of width element

    height: value of width element

    unit: n/a

    Float

    Float

    N/A Yes
    compression exact feed/entry/link[@rel='enclosure'] compression: @type String N/A Yes
    duration exact feed/entry/format/duration duration: value Float N/A Yes
    format exact feed/entry/link[@rel='enclosure'] format: @type String N/A Yes
    samplingRate exact feed/entry/format/samplerate samplingRate: value Float N/A Yes
    frameRate exact feed/entry/format/framerate frameRate: value Float N/A Yes
    aveargeBitRate exact feed/entry/format/video_bitrate or

    feed/entry/format/audio_bitrate

    aveargeBitRate: value Float N/A Yes
    numTracks exact feed/entry/format/channels number:value

    type: n/a

    Integer N/A Yes
    5.2.2.17 XMP
    MAWG Relation XMP How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier exact dc:identifier dc:identifier property in the Dublin Core namespace string N/A yes
    exact xmp:Identifier xmp:Identifier property in the XMP Basic namespace string array N/A yes
    title exact dc:title dc:title property in the Dublin Core namespace array of text items with language identifiers N/A yes
    related xmpDM:album xmpDM:album property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace string N/A yes
    language exact dc:language dc:language property in the Dublin Core namespace array of RFC 3066 language tags N/A yes
    Creation
    contributor exact dc:contributor dc:contributor property in the Dublin Core namespace sequence of names N/A yes
    related xmpDM:artist xmpDM:artist property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace string N/A yes
    related xmpDM:composer xmpDM:composer property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace string N/A yes
    creator exact dc:creator dc:creator property in the Dublin Core namespace. In XMP, the tiff:Artist property from the Exif namespace for TIFF properties is stored as the first item in dc:creator. sequence of names N/A yes
    date exact xmp:CreateDate xmp:CreateDate property in the XMP Basic namespace ISO date format N/A yes
    exact photoshop:DateCreated photoshop:DateCreated property in the Photoshop namespace ISO date format N/A yes
    exact exif:DateTimeOriginal exif:DateTimeOriginal property in the Exif namespace for Exif-specific properties. This should not be stored in files, only added to extracted XMP for application runtime convenience. ISO date format N/A yes
    related dc:date dc:date property in the Dublin Core namespace sequence of ISO date format values N/A yes
    related xmp:ModifyDate xmp:ModifyDate property in the XMP Basic namespace ISO date format N/A yes
    location exact exif:GPSLatitude and exif:GPSLongitude exif:GPSLatitude and exif:GPSLongitude properties in the Exif namespace for Exif-specific properties. These should not be stored in files, only added to extracted XMP for application runtime convenience. GPS coordinate N/A yes
    related photoshop:Country photoshop:Country property in the Photoshop namespace string N/A yes
    related photoshop:City photoshop:City property in the Photoshop namespace string N/A yes
    related photoshop:State photoshop:State property in the Photoshop namespace string N/A yes
    Content description
    description exact dc:description dc:description property in the Dublin Core namespace. In XMP, also tiff:ImageDescription property values from the Exif namespace for TIFF properties are mapped to dc:description. array of text items with language identifiers N/A yes
    keyword exact dc:subject dc:subject property in the Dublin Core namespace array of text items N/A yes
    genre exact xmpDM:genre xmpDM:genre property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace string N/A yes
    rating exact xmp:Rating xmp:Rating property in the XMP Basic namespace closed set of integers N/A yes
    Relational
    relation exact dc:relation dc:relation property in the Dublin Core namespace array of string items N/A yes
    more specific xmpMM:DerivedFrom xmpMM:DerivedFrom property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace ResourceRef (multiple part reference to a resource) N/A no
    more specific xmpMM:History xmpMM:History property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace ResourceRef (multiple part reference to a resource) N/A no
    more specific xmpMM:Ingredients xmpMM:Ingredients property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace ResourceRef (multiple part reference to a resource) N/A no
    collection N/A N/A
    Rights
    copyright more general dc:rights dc:rights property in the Dublin Core namespace array of text items with language identifier N/A yes
    policy exact xmpRights:Certificate xmpRights:Certificate property in the XMP Rights Management namespace URI N/A yes
    more general xmpRights:UsageTerms xmpRights:UsageTerms property in the XMP Rights Management namespace array of text items with language identifier N/A yes
    more general xmpRights:WebStatement xmpRights:WebStatement property in the XMP Rights Management namespace URI N/A yes
    Distribution
    publisher exact dc:publisher dc:publisher property in the Dublin Core namespace string N/A yes
    targetAudience N/A N/A N/A
    Fragments
    fragments N/A N/A N/A
    namedFragments N/A N/A N/A
    Technical Properties - The XMP form is generally not authoritative.
    frameSize exact xmpDM:videoFrameSize xmpDM:videoFrameSize property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace. xmpDM:videoFrameSize is not authoritative. Use the file format specific technical metadata. int, int (width x height) N/A yes
    compression related tiff:Compression tiff:Compression property in the Exif namespace for TIFF properties. tiff:Compression is not authoritative and irrelevant to dynamic media formats. xmpDM:audioCompressor is not authoritative. Use the file format specific technical metadata. closed choice of integers N/A yes
    related xmpDM:audioCompressor xmpDM:audioCompressor property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace string N/A yes
    duration exact xmpDM:duration xmpDM:duration property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace. xmpDM:duration is not authoritative. Use the file format specific technical metadata. time value in seconds N/A yes
    format exact dc:format dc:format property in the Dublin Core namespace MIME type N/A yes
    samplingRate more specific xmpDM:audioSampleRate xmpDM:audioSampleRate property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace. xmpDM:audioSampleRate is not authoritative. Use the file format specific technical metadata. integer N/A yes
    frameRate exact xmpDM:frameRate xmpDM:frameRate property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace. xmpDM:frameRate is not authoritative. Use the file format specific technical metadata. f### (frames per seconds, e.g. "f24") or f###s### (frames per rate basis, e.g. "f30000s1001" for NTSC 29.97) N/A yes
    averageBitRate N/A N/A N/A
    numTracks exact xmpDM:trackNumber xmpDM:trackNumber property in the XMP Dynamic Media namespace. xmpDM:trackNumber is not authoritative. Use the file format specific technical metadata. integer N/A yes
    5.2.2.18 YouTube
    MAWG Relation YouTube How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier more specific rss/channel/item/media:group/media:content/@url or

    rss/channel/item/media:group/media:player/@url

    identifier: @url N/A Yes
    title exact rss/channel/item/title title: value

    type: n/a

    String N/A Yes
    language N/A N/A
    locator exact rss/channel/item/media:group/media:content/@url locator: value URI N/A Yes
    Creation
    contributor N/A N/A N/A
    creator N/A N/A N/A
    date rss/channel/item/yt:recorded date: value

    type: n/a

    String N/A Yes
    location exact rss/channel/item/yt:location or

    rss/channel/item/georss:where

    name: value of yt:location element

    latitude: first value of georss:where/gml:Point/gml:pos

    longitude: second value of georss:where/gml:Point/gml:pos

    altitude: n/a

    NOTE: georss:where is from geoRSS format to specify geographical information.

    String

    String (Value of gml:pos element. This has latitude and longitude information with space-delimited)

    N/A Yes
    Content description
    description exact rss/channel/item/media:group/media:description description: value String N/A Yes
    keyword exact rss/channel/item/media:group/media:keywords keyword: value String N/A Yes
    genre exact rss/channel/item/media:group/media:category genre: value

    NOTE: @scheme is a URI that identifies the categorization scheme.

    String N/A Yes
    rating more specific rss/channel/item/gd:rating value: @average

    ratingSystem: n/a

    min: @min

    max: @max

    NOTE: @max specifies the maximum rating that can be assigned to a video. This value must be 5. @min specifies the minimum rating that can be assigned to a video. This value must be 1.

    Float

    Float

    Float

    N/A Yes
    Relational
    relation N/A N/A N/A
    collection N/A N/A N/A
    Rights
    copyright N/A N/A N/A
    policy N/A N/A N/A
    Distribution
    publisher more specific rss/channel/item/media:content/media:credit[@role='uploader'] publisher: value String N/A Yes
    targetAudience more specific rss/channel/item/media:content/media:rating or

    rss/channel/item/media:group/media:restriction

    In case of media:rating element

    audience: @scheme

    classificationSystem: @country (This attribute value identifies the country or countries where a video is considered to contain restricted content. The attribute value will either be the word all, which indicates that the video contains content that is considered restricted everywhere, or a comma-delimited list of ISO 3166 two-letter country codes identifying particular countries where the video content is restricted)

    In case of media: restriction element

    audience: n/a

    classificationSystem: value(space-delimited list of ISO 3166)

    NOTE: @relationship indicates whether the video is allowed to be played in the specified countries. It's value is 'allow' or 'deny'. @type should be 'country' as a value

    URI

    String

    String

    N/A Yes
    Fragments
    fragments N/A N/A N/A
    namedFragments N/A N/A N/A
    Technical Properties
    frameSize N/A N/A N/A
    compression exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@type compression: @type String N/A Yes
    duration exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@duration duration: @duration Float N/A Yes
    format exact rss/channel/item/media:content/@type format: @type String N/A Yes
    samplingRate N/A N/A N/A
    frameRate N/A N/A N/A
    averageBitRate N/A N/A N/A
    numTracks N/A N/A N/A

    5.2.3 Multimedia container formats mapping tables

    The following mappings are established between from the Media Ontology's properties to various multimedia metadata formats with core vocabulary of MA WG as pivot. container formats. This list of container formats is not closed, nor does it pretend to be exhaustive exhaustive. A future version of this specification may include additional mappings if a need or use case is established for these new mappings.

    5.2.3.1 3GP
    MAWG Relation 3GP How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier N/A N/A N/A
    Content description
    description exact In 3GP, User-data item 'dscp' (see 26.244 ). Either moov.udta.dscp, or moov.trak.udta.dscp Find the 'dscp' user-data item in the movie box (overall) or the track box if a specific track is identified. There may be multiple dscp items, varying by ISO 639/T language code. Unicode string (stored as UTF-8 or UTF-16, as needed) N/A Yes
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact The width and height fields from the track header box of that track. moov.trak/tkhd.(width | height) If requested for a movie, and there is only one video track, or if requested for a specific video track, the group still looks at rationale width and height of that track. N/A Yes
    compression exact The four-character codes from the sample entry/ies in the track's sample description box (see ISO/IEC 14496-12). moov.track.mdia.minf.stbl.stsd.(sampleentry code) Follow the box hierarchy inside the movie box, into each track/mdia/stbl/stsd, and then extract the 4-character codes from the sample entry or entries. four character code(s) N/A Yes
    duration exact The duration field from the movie header (overall movie) or track header (for a track), divided by the timescale from the movie header. moov.mvhd.duration or moov.trak.tkhd.duration; divide by moov.mvhd.timescale Find the movie header box (mvhd) and get the timescale field, and then retrieve the duration field from the movie or track header (mvhd, tkhd) as appropriate, and divide. float (after division), rational (as stored) N/A Yes
    format exact video/3gpp (valid for including all resources), audio/3gpp (if it is known the movie has no visual presentation) static; but it may help to scan for the codecs used and excluding formats supply those ( RFC4281 ), the codecs parameter for bucket mime types) for 3GPP, MP4 and Movie files. MIME type N/A Yes
    samplingRate exact In 3GP the field samplerate in the sample entry or entries for the movie tracks. This is a 16.16 integer with the fractional 16 bits restricted to be considered zero. moov.trak.mdia.minf.stbl.stsd.(sampleentry.sampleRate) Find the samplerate 32-bit field in the final sample entry, and right-shift 16 bits. Integer N/A Yes
    frameRate more general The sample count from the sample size (stsz) box in the sample table, divided by the duration (see above). moov.trak.mdia.minf.stbl.stsz.sampleCount, divided by duration. moov.mdia.stbl.stsz.samplecount / (moov.trak.tkhd.duration / moov.mvhd.timescale) Rational, float N/A Yes
    averageBitRate more specific or exact Either (a.i) sum the top-level box sizes or (a.ii) find the file size from external means (e.g. file system) or (b) for each track, compute the total sample size (from the sample size table). Then divide by duration (computed above). (a.i) sum over all top-level atoms(atom size) or (b) sum over all samples(moov.trak.mdia.mif.stbl.stsz( sampleSize ) (count also in the stsz box) N/A Yes
    numTracks exact count( moov.trak ), find types by mapping table; moov.trak.mdia.hdlr. Standard types are: 'vide' Video track, 'soun' Audio track, 'hint' Hint track, 'meta' Timed Metadata track, 'auxv' Auxiliary Video track, but other types may be registered at www.mp4ra.org. (count, type) tuples N/A Yes

    Note: in 3GPP and MP4 files, a single track may be addressed by track ID using the using the ISO/IEC 21000-17:2006 "ffp()" syntax (for example http://www.example.com/sample.3gp#ffp(track_ID=101)).

    5.2.3.2 Flash
    5.2.3.2.1 FLV

    Summary FLV files can contain a SCRIPTDATA tag named onMetadata, documented in section E.5 of the FLV and F4V specification [ Flash
    MAWG Relation Flash (FLV) How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier N/A N/A N/A
    Content description
    description N/A N/A N/A
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact The width and height fields from the onMetadata tag. The units are always pixels. DOUBLE, 64-bit IEEE float N/A yes
    compression Not directly represented. Implicit in the audiocodecid and videocodecid fields from the onMetadata tag. N/A no
    duration exact The duration field from the onMetadata tag. The unit is always seconds. DOUBLE, 64-bit IEEE float N/A yes
    format exact video/x-flv static MIME type N/A yes
    samplingRate exact The audiosamplerate field from the onMetadata tag. The unit is always samples per second. DOUBLE, 64-bit IEEE float N/A yes
    frameRate exact The framerate field from the onMetadata tag. The unit is always frames per second. DOUBLE, 64-bit IEEE float N/A yes
    averageBitRate exact The sum of the audiodatarate and videodatarate fields from the onMetadata tag. The units are always kilobits per second. DOUBLE, 64-bit IEEE float N/A no
    numTracks exact FLV files contain at most 1 audio track and at most 1 video track. There are 1-bit flags in the FLV header telling if audio or video are present. N/A no

    5.2.3.2.2 F4V

    F4V is a flavor of MPEG-4, used for Adobe's "Flash video" when H.264 is the codec. Other than the format item, the technical properties are identical to MPEG-4. The full table is reproduced here for convenience. F4V files will also generally contain XMP metadata. Technical metadata from the native MPEG-4 locations should be preferred.
    MAWG Relation F4V How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier N/A N/A N/A
    Content description
    description N/A MP4 has no formal system. N/A N/A
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact The width and height fields from the track header box of that track. moov.trak/tkhd.(width | height) If requested for a movie, and there is only one video track, or if requested for a specific video track, the width and height of that track. N/A yes
    compression exact The four-character codes from the sample entry/ies in the track's sample description box (see ISO/IEC 14496-12). moov.track.mdia.minf.stbl.stsd.(sampleentry code) Follow the box hierarchy inside the movie box, into each track/mdia/stbl/stsd, and then extract the 4-character codes from the sample entry or entries. four character code(s) N/A no
    duration exact The duration field from the movie header (overall movie) or track header (for a track), divided by the timescale from the movie header. moov.mvhd.duration or moov.trak.tkhd.duration; divide by moov.mvhd.timescale Find the movie header box (mvhd) and get the timescale field, and then retreive the duration field from the movie or track header (mvhd, tkhd) as appropriate, and divide. float (after division), rational (as stored) N/A yes
    format exact video/mp4 (valid for all resources), audio/mp4 (if it is known the movie has no visual presentation) static MIME type N/A yes
    samplingRate exact In MP4 files, the field samplerate in the sample entry or entries for the movie tracks. This is a 16.16 integer with the fractional 16 bits restricted to be zero. moov.trak.mdia.minf.stbl.stsd.(sampleentry.sampleRate) Find the samplerate 32-bit field in the sample entry, and right-shift 16 bits. Integer N/A yes
    frameRate more general The sample count from the sample size (stsz) box in the sample table, divided by the duration (see above). moov.trak.mdia.minf.stbl.stsz.sampleCount, divided by duration. moov.mdia.stbl.stsz.samplecount / (moov.trak.tkhd.duration / moov.mvhd.timescale) Rational, float N/A yes
    averageBitRate more specific or exact Either (a.i) sum the top-level box sizes or (a.ii) find the file size from external means (e.g. file system) or (b) for each track, compute the total sample size (from the sample size table). Then divide by duration (computed above). (a.i) sum over all top-level atoms(atom size) or (b) sum over all samples(moov.trak.mdia.mif.stbl.stsz( sampleSize ) (count also in the stsz box) N/A no
    numTracks exact count( moov.trak ), find types by mapping moov.trak.mdia.hdlr. Standard types are: 'vide' Video track, 'soun' Audio track, 'hint' Hint track, 'meta' Timed Metadata track, 'auxv' Auxiliary Video track, but other types may be registered at www.mp4ra.org. (count, type) tuples N/A no

    ID3 Note: in MPEG-4 and F4V files, a single track may be addressed by track ID using the using the ISO/IEC 21000-17:2006 "ffp()" syntax.

    iTunes
    MediaRDF 5.2.3.4 MP4
    MAWG Relation MPEG4 How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier N/A N/A N/A
    Rights
    copyright exact Copyright statement for the movie file content. box type: cprt container: User Data Box 'udta' value: notice A UTF-8 or UTF-16 string. Can have multiple values with different language and country code designations. N/A Yes
    Content description
    description N/A MP4 has no formal system. N/A N/A
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact The width and height fields from the track header box of that track. moov.trak/tkhd.(width | height) If requested for a movie, and there is only one video track, or if requested for a specific video track, the width and height of that track. N/A Yes
    compression exact The four-character codes from the sample entry/ies in the track's sample description box (see ISO/IEC 14496-12). moov.track.mdia.minf.stbl.stsd.(sampleentry code) Follow the box hierarchy inside the movie box, into each track/mdia/stbl/stsd, and then extract the 4-character codes from the sample entry or entries. four character code(s) N/A Yes
    duration exact The duration field from the movie header (overall movie) or track header (for a track), divided by the timescale from the movie header. moov.mvhd.duration or moov.trak.tkhd.duration; divide by moov.mvhd.timescale Find the movie header box (mvhd) and get the timescale field, and then retrieve the duration field from the movie or track header (mvhd, tkhd) as appropriate, and divide. float (after division), rational (as stored) N/A Yes
    format exact video/3gpp (valid for all resources), audio/3gpp (if it is known the movie has no visual presentation) static; but it may help to scan for the codecs used and supply those ( RFC4281 ), the codecs parameter for bucket mime types) for 3GPP, MP4 and Movie files. MIME type N/A Yes
    samplingRate usually exact In MP4 files, the field samplerate in the sample entry or entries for the movie tracks. This is a 16.16 integer with the fractional 16 bits restricted to be zero. moov.trak.mdia.minf.stbl.stsd.(sampleentry.sampleRate) Find the samplerate 32-bit field in the sample entry, and right-shift 16 bits. Integer N/A Yes
    frameRate more general The sample count from the sample size (stsz) box in the sample table, divided by the duration (see above). moov.trak.mdia.minf.stbl.stsz.sampleCount, divided by duration. moov.mdia.stbl.stsz.samplecount / (moov.trak.tkhd.duration / moov.mvhd.timescale) Rational, float N/A Yes
    averageBitRate more specific or exact Either (a.i) sum the top-level box sizes or (a.ii) find the file size from external means (e.g. file system) or (b) for each track, compute the total sample size (from the sample size table). Then divide by duration (computed above). (a.i) sum over all top-level atoms(atom size) or (b) sum over all samples(moov.trak.mdia.mif.stbl.stsz( sampleSize ) (count also in the stsz box) N/A Yes
    numTracks exact count( moov.trak ), find types by mapping moov.trak.mdia.hdlr. Standard types are: ‘vide’ Video track, ‘soun’ Audio track, ‘hint’ Hint track, ‘meta’ Timed Metadata track, ‘auxv’ Auxiliary Video track, but other types may be registered at www.mp4ra.org. (count, type) tuples N/A Yes

    LOM Note: in 3GPP and MP4 files, a single track may be addressed by track ID using the using the ISO/IEC 21000-17:2006 "ffp()" syntax (for example http://www.example.com/sample.3gp#ffp(track_ID=101)).

    5.2.3.6 WebM
    MAWG Relation WebM properties How to do the mapping Datatype XPath RDF tested
    Descriptive Properties (Core Set)
    Identification
    identifier exact TrackUID A unique ID to identify the Track. Unsigned Integer N/A Yes
    exact diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) Pick one of ISRC (International Standard Recording Code), MCDI (CDROM TOC), ISBN (International Standard Book Number), BARCODE (EAN-13 (European Article Numbering) or UPC-A (Universal Product Code)), CATALOG_NUMBER (label-specific), LABEL_CODE (4-digit or 5-digit number to identify the record label), LCCN (Library of Congress Control Number) String N/A No
    related SegmentFilename (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) SegmentFilename field in Segment information as a filename corresponding to this segment String N/A No
    title exact Title (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) Title field in Segment information as a general name of the segment String N/A Yes
    exact diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) TITLE (akin to the TIT2 tag in ID3), SUBTITLE (subtitle text) String N/A No
    language exact Language Specifies the language of the track in the Matroska languages form language code N/A Yes
    related ChapLanguage (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) The languages corresponding to the string, in the bibliographic ISO-639-2 form language code N/A No
    related TagLanguage (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) Specifies the language of the tag specified, in the Matroska languages form language code N/A No
    locator exact file URI from system URI N/A Yes
    Creation
    contributor exact diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) LEAD_PERFORMER, ACCOMPANIMENT (TPE2 tag in ID3), COMPOSER (TCOM tag in ID3), ARRANGER, LYRICIST (TEXT tag in ID3), CONDUCTOR (TPE3 tag in ID3), DIRECTOR (IART tag in RIFF), ASSISTANT_DIRECTOR, DIRECTOR_OF_PHOTOGRAPHY (ICNM tag in Extended RIFF), SOUND_ENGINEER, ART_DIRECTOR, PRODUCTION_DESIGNER, CHOREGRAPHER, COSTUME_DESIGNER, ACTOR, CHARACTER, WRITTEN_BY, SCREENPLAY_BY, EDITED_BY (IEDT tag in Extended RIFF), PRODUCER (IPRO tag in Extended RIFF), COPRODUCER, EXECUTIVE_PRODUCER, DISTRIBUTED_BY (IDST tag in Extended RIFF), MASTERED_BY, ENCODED_BY (TENC tag in ID3), MIXED_BY, REMIXED_BY (TPE4 tag in ID3), PRODUCTION_STUDIO (ISTD tag in Extended RIFF), THANKS_TO, PUBLISHER (TPUB tag in ID3) String N/A No
    creator exact diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) ARTIST (akin to the TPE1 tag in ID3), LABEL (record label) String N/A No
    date exact DateUTC Date of the origin of timecode (value 0), i.e. production date Date N/A No
    related diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) DATE_RELEASED (TDRL tag in ID3), DATE_RECORDED (TDRC tag in ID3), DATE_ENCODED (TDEN tag in ID3), DATE_TAGGED (TDTG tag in ID3), DATE_DIGITIZED (IDIT tag in RIFF), DATE_WRITTEN, DATE_PURCHASED String N/A No
    location exact diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) RECORDING_LOCATION / COMPOSITION_LOCATION (The countries corresponding to the string, same 2 octets as in Internet domains, or possibly ISO-3166. This code is followed by a comma, then more detailed information such as state/province, another comma, and then city.), COMPOSER_NATIONALITY (The countries corresponding to the string, same 2 octets as in Internet domains, or possibly ISO-3166.) String N/A No
    Content description
    description exact Name Name field in Tracks Element as a human readable track name String N/A No
    exact diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) SUBJECT, DESCRIPTION, SUMMARY, SYNOPSIS, COMMENT String N/A No
    keyword exact diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) KEYWORDS (separated by a comma), INITIAL_KEY (initial key that a musical track starts in), ORIGINAL_MEDIA_TYPE (TMED tag in ID3), CONTENT_TYPE String N/A No
    genre exact diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) GENRE (TCON tag in ID3), MOOD (TMOO tag in ID3) String N/A No
    rating exact diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) LAW_RATING (Depending on the country it's the format of the rating of a movie (P, R, X in the USA, an age in other countries or a URI defining a logo)), ICRA (content rating for parental control, previously RSACi), RATING (how much a person likes the song/movie. The number is between 0 and 5 with decimal values possible (e.g. 2.7)) String N/A No
    Relational
    relation exact TargetTypeValue (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) SEASON / SEQUEL / EDITION / ISSUE / VOLUME / OPUS, MOVIE / EPISODE / ALBUM / OPERA / CONCERT, PART / SESSION, CHAPTER / TRACK / SONG, SUBTRACK / PART / MOVEMENT / SCENE, SHOT String N/A No
    collection exact ChapterPhysicalEquiv (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) SET / PACKAGE, CD / 12" / 10" / 7" / TAPE / MINIDISC / DAT / DVD / VHS / LASERDISC, SIDE, LAYER, SESSION, TRACK, INDEX String N/A No
    Distribution
    publisher exact diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) PUBLISHER (TPUB tag in ID3) String N/A No
    targetAudience related diverse Tags (from Matroska, undecided support in WebM) CONTENT_TYPE (the type of the item. e.g. Documentary, Feature Film, Cartoon, Music Video, Music, Sound FX, ...), PERIOD (the period that the piece is from or about) String N/A No
    Fragments
    fragments exact Cues Seek table provided through the following fields: Cues (top-level element to speed seeking access), CuePoint (seek point), CueTime (Absolute timecode according to the segment time base), CueTrackPositions (positions for different tracks corresponding to the timecode) String N/A Yes
    namedFragments exact Chapter identified by ChapterUID (uint), ChapterTimeStart (start timecode), ChapterTimeEnd (end timecode), ChapString (chapter name), ChapLanguage (language used in chapter name) String N/A Yes
    Technical Properties
    frameSize exact DisplayWidth x DisplayHeight (in pixels) width: DisplayWidth, height: DisplayHeight; also note the pixel cropping for HDTV defined by PixelCropBottom, PixelCropTop, PixelCropLeft, PixelCropRight unsigned integer x unsigned integer N/A Yes
    compression exact CodecID field fixed to "VP8" for video and "Vorbis" for audio String constant (V_VP8, A_VORBIS) N/A Yes
    duration exact Duration use TimecodeScale field to identify resolution of Duration field (Timecode scale in nanoseconds, e.g. 1.000.000 means all timecodes in the segment are expressed in milliseconds), which provides segment duration (typically a Matroska file is composed of 1 segment) Float N/A Yes
    format exact CodecID field fixed to "VP8" for video and "Vorbis" for audio String constant (V_VP8, A_VORBIS) N/A Yes
    samplingRate exact SamplingFrequency Value of SamplingFrequency field (in Hz) float N/A Yes
    frameRate exact FrameRate Value of FrameRate field (informational only, since frames are timestamped) float N/A Yes
    averageBitRate exact calculate as bitrate = length_of_file / duration on system float N/A Yes
    numTracks exact max TrackNumber maximum value on all TrackNumber field values in the Tracks field unsigned integer N/A Yes

    6 Usage Examples

    EXIF This section is informative

    6.2 Subtitles and the Ontology for Media Resources

    CableLabs 1.1 Concerning external subtitles, using relation is the recommended approach. The identifier attribute contains the URL of the subtitle file, and the relation type qualifies it as a subtitle relation. The value should be a URI, but could also be a string. It is recommended to use a controlled vocabulary for the type of the relation.

    Embedding of subtitles is not a use case that has been considered, however it is possible. The mechanism used to specify timed metadata is to specify fragments identified by Media Fragment URIs [ MediaFragment ] and then describe annotations of these fragments.

    To summarize, there are three options for dealing with subtitles:

    • Link to external subtitle file using fragment, with type subtitle and a Timed Text Markup Language (TTML) [ CableLabs 2.0 TTML ] or WebSRT [ WebSRT ] file as target.

    • Subtitles can be embedded in a media file, in which case they can be described as a track media fragment using fragment and Media Fragment URIs [ DIG35 MediaFragment ].

    • Subtitles could be embedded by using title with a type qualifier for subtitle. A list of time media fragments is defined and each fragment is annotated using title.

    MIX

    Although the last option is a way of embedding subtitles it is not recommended. Instead, a dedicated format such as TTML or WebSRT should be used for the subtitles and referenced.

    6.4 Captions and signing

    VRA Core property definitions section defines a gerenal property fragment with a role attribute to specify the relation between the resource and its fragment, like captioning or signing. In the RDF representation , this is achieved by defining subproperties of the <span><tt>ma:hasFragment</tt></span> property.

    Captions and signing of a media resource can be provided in different forms, the most typical being:

    • an additional track of the media file,
    • embeded in the video track,
    • as a separate file.

    To account for this diversity, the RDF ontology does not link <span><tt>ma:hasTrack</tt></span> with <span><tt>ma:hasCaptioning</tt></span> or <span><tt>ma:hasSigning</tt></span> . The last two can link a media resource to any fragment, e.g. a spatial fragment of the video track where the signing is located, or even an external file considered as a fragment of the resource. If the fragment is also a track, nothing prevents to link it with both properties <span><tt>ma:hasCaptioning</tt></span> and <span><tt>ma:hasTrack</tt></span> .

    For example, the following RDF describes a video with embeded signing, subtitles as an external file, and a track containing audio-description (caption for accessibility):

      <video.ogv> a ma:MediaResource ;
        ma:hasSigning <video.ogv#xywh=percent:70,70,90,90>;
        ma:hasSubtitling <./video.srt> ;
        ma:hasAudioDescription <video.ogv?track=subtitle> ;
        ma:hasTrack <video.ogv?track=subtitle> ;
    
    IPTC

    6.5 Language for media resources

    TVA The core set of properties proposed in section 5 only defines a single property for specifying the language of a media resource. However, a media resource may have several languages. For example, a video file can have the following languages applying to it:

    • the main spoken language is british english (<span><tt>en-GB</tt></span>),
    • at some point, a sentence in french is spoken (<span><tt>fr</tt></span>),
    • the file contains a subtitle track in spanish (<span><tt>es</tt></span>),
    • the video track contains embedded signing in british sign language (<span><tt>bfi</tt></span>).

    The four language codes could be directly applied to the video file, using the language core property <span><tt>ma:hasLanguage</tt></span> in the RDF representation), but this would lose a part of the information.

    If one wants to keep the complete information, the recommended option is to assign each language to the appropriate fragment of the video, using [MediaFragment] to identify them, and the core property fragment <span><tt>ma:hasFragment</tt></span> and its subproperties in the RDF representation to link them to the video file itself. In the example above, we would have:

    • the audio track associated with british english,
    • a temporal fragment of the audio track associated with french,
    • the subtitle track associated with spanish,
    • the spatial fragment of the video track associated with sign language.

    The corresponding RDF would be:

      <video.ogv> a ma:MediaResource ;
        ma:hasTrack <video.ogv#track=audio>,  
                    <video.ogv#track=subtitle>;
        ma:hasSubtitling <video.ogv#track=subtitle> ;
        ma:hasSigning <video.ogv#xywh=percent:70,70,90,90>  .  
      <video.ogv#track=audio> a ma:AudioTrack ;
        ma:hasLanguage [ rdfs:label "en-GB" ] ;
        ma:hasFragment <video.ogv#track=audio&t=10,20> .
      <video.ogv#track=audio&t=10,20>  a ma:MediaFragment ;
        ma:hasLanguage [ rdfs:label "fr" ] .
      <video.ogv#track=subtitle> a ma:DataTrack ;
        ma:hasLanguage [ rdfs:label "es" ] .
     <video.ogv#xywh=percent:70,70,90,90>  a ma:MediaFragment ;
        ma:hasLanguage [ rdfs:label "bfi" ] .
    

    7 Namespace and RDF-representation of the Ontology for Media Resources 1.0

    EBUCore This section is normative

    This section presents an implementation of the Ontology for Media Resources as a Semantic Web ontology. At first a namespace for the Ontology is defined (Section 7.1). Secondly, an implementation guideline is given which details how the core vocabulary defined in this specification relates to the RDF vocabulary (Section 7.2). Finally Section 7.3 presents an RDF vocabulary which implements the abstract ontology using RDF and OWL. The ontology is a valid OWL2 DL ontology and it can be directly used to describe media resource on the Web in a Semantic Web and Linked Data compatible way. The ontology has been built using standard ontology engineering methodologies in a small expert group inside the MAWG working group.

    7.1 Namespace of core property definitions

    EBUP The namespace of the Ontology for Media Resources 1.0 is defined by this URI: http://www.w3.org/ns/ma-ont# . Applications that are compliant with this specification MUST use this namespace URI.

    Note:

    As specifications that use this namespace URI progress through the standardization process, they MUST use the same namespace URI. This namespace URI is expected to remain the same throughout the evolution of this ontology, even in the case new properties are added to it, so long as it remains backwards compatible. If however a new version were produced that was not backwards compatible, the WG reserves the right to change the namespace URI.

    The ma prefix name is associated with the namespace URI MPEG7 http://www.w3.org/ns/ma-ont# in this document.

    7.2 Correspondence between the informal ontology and the RDF representation

    SMTPD The following table gives the correspondence between the core properties as described in the Descriptive properties (Core Set)section and the RDF vocabulary given below.

    Unless stated otherwise, atomic values are represented by literals while complex values are represented by resources. It follows that, in the general case, properties with complex values are represented by object properties, while properties with simple values are represented by datatype properties. Attributes in complex values are represented by properties of the resource representing the complex value; depending on their semantics, they are represented by datatype or object properties.

    The RDF ontology also introduces a number of classes corresponding to the domains and ranges of the corresponding property.
    Identification
    identifier ( 1 )
    title ma:title
    title.title (value of ma:title)
    title.type ( 2 )
    language ma:hasLanguage ( 3 )
    locator ma:locator
    Creation
    contributor ma:hasContributor (see contributor.role )
    contributor.contributor (URI or rdfs:label) ( 4 )
    contributor.role ( 2 )
    creator ma:hasCreator (see creator.role )
    creator.creator (URI or rdfs:label) ( 4 )
    creator.role ( 2 )
    date ma:date
    date.date (value of ma:date) ( 6 )
    date.type ( 2 )
    location ma:hasRelatedLocation (see location.name )
    location.name (URI or rdfs:label) ( 4 )
    location.longitude ma:locationLongitude
    location.latitude ma:locationLatitude
    location.altitude ma:locationAltitude
    location.coordinateSystem ma:hasLocationCoordinateSystem ( 3 )
    Content description
    description ma:description
    keyword ma:hasKeyword ( 3 )
    genre ma:hasGenre ( 3 )
    rating ma:hasRating
    rating.value ma:ratingValue
    rating.ratingSystem ma:hasRatingSystem
    rating.min ma:ratingScaleMin
    rating.max ma:ratingScaleMax
    Relational
    relation ma:hasRelatedResource (see relation.type )
    relation.target (URI or rdfs:label) ( 4 )
    relation.type ( 2 )
    collection ma:isMemberOf ( 3 )
    Rights
    copyright ( 5 )
    copyright.copyright ma:copyright
    copyright.holder ma:isCopyrightedBy
    policy ma:hasPolicy (see policy.type )
    policy.statement (URI or rdfs:label) ( 4 )
    policy.type ( 2 )
    Distribution
    publisher ma:hasPublisher ( 3 )
    targetAudience ma:hasTargetAudience
    targetAudience.audience ma:hasClassification ( 3 )
    targetAudience.classificationSystem ma:hasClassificationSystem ( 3 )
    Fragment
    fragment ma:hasFragment
    fragment.identifier (URI pointed by ma:hasFragment)
    fragment.role ( 2 )
    namedFragment ma:hasNamedFragment
    namedFragment.identifier (URI pointed by ma:hasNamedFragment)
    namedFragment.label ma:fragmentName
    Technical Properties
    frameSize ( 5 )
    frameSize.width ma:frameWidth
    frameSize.height ma:frameHeight
    frameSize.unit ma:frameSizeUnit
    compression ma:hasCompression ( 3 )
    duration ma:duration
    format ma:hasFormat ( 3 )
    samplingRate ma:samplingRate
    frameRate ma:frameRate
    averageBitRate ma:averageBitRate
    numTracks ma:numberOfTracks
    numTracks.number (value of the ma:numberOfTracks property)
    numTracks.type ( 2 )

    • (1) The identifier of a media resource is represented in RDF by the URI of the node representing that media resource. If a resource is identified by several URI, owl:sameAs should be used.

    • (2) Different values of this attribute should be represented by subproperties of the original property; the RDF ontology provides such subproperties for the most common cases.

    • (3) If the value is a string, the RDF property should point to a blank node with that string as its rdfs:label; if the value is a URI, the RDF property should point to a resource with that URI.

    • (4) The pattern is the same as (3), but the value to consider is that of an attribute of the complex value.

    • (5) This property has no direct correspondence; the properties corresponding to the attributes of the complex value apply directly to the media resource.

    • (6) According to Section 4.4 , several datatypes are allowed here. However, if compliance with a specific OWL 2 Profile is required, additional constraints on the allowed datatypes may apply [ OWL2 Profiles ].

    7.3 RDF ontology

    The following is the authoritative RDF/OWL representation of the Media Ontology: the Ontology for Media Resources 1.0

     
            <?xml version="1.0"? >
     <!DOCTYPE rdf:RDF [] >
     <rdf:RDF xmlns="http://www.w3.org/ns/ma-ont#"
         xml:base="http://www.w3.org/ns/ma-ont"
         xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
         xmlns:rdfs="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"
         xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#"
         xmlns:owl="http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#"
         xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
     >
         <owl:Ontology rdf:about="" >
             <rdfs:comment >Created by Tobias Buerger, Jean Pierre Evain and Pierre-Antoine Champin 
            with the RDFS Taskforce within the W3C Media Annotation Working Group. </rdfs:comment >
             <dc:date rdf:datatype="date" >2011-04-06 </dc:date >
             <owl:versionInfo >R34 </owl:versionInfo >
         </owl:Ontology >
         <!-- 
        ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        //
        // Classes
        //
        ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
         -- >
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#Agent" >
             <rdfs:comment >A person or organisation contributing to the media resource. </rdfs:comment >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#Collection"/ >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#Location"/ >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#Rating"/ >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#TargetAudience"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#AudioTrack" >
             <rdfs:comment >A specialisation of Track for Audio to provide a link to specific data properties 
            such as sampleRate, etc. Specialisation is defined through object properties. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="#Track"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#Collection" >
             <rdfs:comment >Any group of media resource e.g. a series. </rdfs:comment >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#Location"/ >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#Rating"/ >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#TargetAudience"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#DataTrack" >
             <rdfs:comment >Ancillary data track e.g. ¨captioning"  in addition to video and audio tracks. 
            Specialisation is made through the use of appropriate object properties. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="#Track"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#Image" >
             <rdfs:comment >A still image / thumbnail / key frame related to the media resource or being 
            the media resource itself. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#Location" >
             <rdfs:comment >A location related to the media resource, e.g. depicted in the resource 
            (possibly fictional) or where the resource was created (shooting location), etc. </rdfs:comment >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#Rating"/ >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#TargetAudience"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#MediaFragment" >
             <rdfs:comment >A media fragment (spatial, temporal, track...) composing a media resource. 
            In other ontologies fragment is sometimes referred to as a 'part' or 'segment'. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#MediaResource" >
             <rdfs:comment >An image or an audiovisual media resource, which can be composed of one 
            or more fragment / track. </rdfs:comment >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#Rating"/ >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#TargetAudience"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#Organisation" >
             <rdfs:comment >An organisation or moral agent. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="#Agent"/ >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#Person"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#Person" >
             <rdfs:comment >A physical person. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="#Agent"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#Rating" >
             <rdfs:comment >Information about the rating given to a media resource. </rdfs:comment >
             <owl:disjointWith rdf:resource="#TargetAudience"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#TargetAudience" >
             <rdfs:comment >Information about The target audience (target region, target audience 
            category but also parental guidance recommendation) for which a media resource 
            is intended. </rdfs:comment >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#Track" >
             <rdfs:comment >A specialisation of MediaFragment for audiovisual content. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="#MediaFragment"/ >
         </owl:Class >
        
         <owl:Class rdf:about="#VideoTrack" >
             <rdfs:comment >A specialisation of Track for Video to provide a link to specific 
            data properties such as frameRate, etc. Signing is another possible example of video track. 
            Specialisation is defined through object properties. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="#Track"/ >
         </owl:Class >
         <!-- 
        ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        //
        // Object Properties
        //
        ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
         -- >
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#createdIn" >
             <rdfs:comment >A subproperty of 'hasRelatedLocation" used to specify where material shooting 
            took place. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasRelatedLocation"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isCreationLocationOf"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#depictsFictionalLocation" >
             <rdfs:comment >A subproperty of 'hasRelatedLocation' used to specify where the action depicted 
            in the media is supposed to take place, as opposed to the location where shooting actually took place 
            (see 'createdIn'). </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasRelatedLocation"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isFictionalLocationDepictedIn"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#features" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'contributor.contributor' in the Ontology for Media Resources 
            with a 'contributor.role' meaning "actor". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasContributor"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#Person"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#playsIn"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasAccessConditions" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'policy' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'policy.type' 
            "access conditions". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasPolicy"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasAudioDescription" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' 
            meaning "audio-description". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasCaptioning"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasCaptioning" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' 
            meaning "captioning". This property can for example point to a spatial fragment, a VideoTrack or a DataTrack. 
            The language of the captioning track can be expressed by attaching a 'hasLanguage' property to the specific 
            track. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasFragment"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isCaptioningOf"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasChapter" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' 
            meaning "actor". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasFragment"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isChapterOf"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasClassification" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'targetAudience.classification' in the Ontology for Media Resources. 
            This property is used to provide a value characterising the target audience. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#TargetAudience"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasClassificationSystem" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'targetAudience.identifier' in the Ontology for Media Resources. 
            This is used to identify the reference sheme against which the target audience has been 
            characterised. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#TargetAudience"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasCompression" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'compression' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasContributor" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'contributor.contributor' in the Ontology for Media Resources. 
            Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'contributor.role'. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#Agent"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasContributedTo"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasCreator" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'creator.creator' in the Ontology for Media Resources. 
            Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'creator.role'. Note that this property is 
            semantically a subproperty of 'hasContributor'. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasContributor"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasCreated"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasFormat" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'format' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasFragment" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources. 
            Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'fragment.role'. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#MediaFragment"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isFragmentOf"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasGenre" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'genre' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasKeyword" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'keyword' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasLanguage" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'language' in the Ontology for Media Resources. The language used in the resource. 
            A controlled vocabulary such as defined in BCP 47 SHOULD be used. This property can also be used to identify the 
            presence of sign language (RFC 5646). By inheritance, the hasLanguage property applies indifferently at the media 
            resource / fragment / track levels.  
            Best practice recommends to use to best possible level of granularity fo describe the usage of language within a 
            media resource including at fragment and track levels. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasLocationCoordinateSystem" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'location.coordinateSystem' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Location"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasNamedFragment" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'namedFragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasFragment"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isNamedFragmentOf"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasPermissions" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'policy' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a  'policy.type' meaning 
            "permissions". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasPolicy"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasPolicy" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'policy' in the Ontology for Media Resources. 
            Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'policy.type'. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasPublisher" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'publisher' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasContributor"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasPublished"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasRating" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'rating' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#Rating"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#IsRatingOf"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasRatingSystem" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'rating.type' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Rating"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasRelatedImage" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'relation' and in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'relation.type' meaning 
            "related image". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasRelatedResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#Image"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isImageRelatedTo"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasRelatedLocation" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'location' in the Ontology for Media Resources. 
            Subproperties are provided to specify, when possible, the relation between the media resource and the 
            location. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#Location"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isLocationRelatedTo"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasSigning" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' meaning 
            "signing". This property can for example point to a spatial fragment or a VideoTrack. 
            The sign language of the captioning track can be expressed by attaching a 'hasLanguage' property to the specific 
            track. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasFragment"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isSigningOf"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasSource" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'relation' and in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'relation.type' meaning 
            "source". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasRelatedResource"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isSourceOf"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasSubtitling" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' meaning 
            "subtitling". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasCaptioning"/ >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasTargetAudience" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'targetAudience' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#TargetAudience"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isTargetAudienceOf"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasTrack" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' meaning 
            "track". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#hasFragment"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#Track"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isTrackOf"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isCopyrightedBy" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'copyright.identifier' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#Agent"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasCopyrightOver"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isMemberOf" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'collection' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#Collection"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasMember"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isProvidedBy" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'rating.identifier' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Rating"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#Agent"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#provides"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#hasRelatedResource" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'relation' and in the Ontology for Media Resources. 
            Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'relation.type'. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <owl:inverseOf >
                 <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="#isRelatedTo"/ >
             </owl:inverseOf >
         </owl:ObjectProperty >
        
         <!-- 
        ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        //
        // Data properties
        //
        ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
         -- >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#alternativeTitle" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'title.title' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'title.type' meaning 
            "alternative". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#title"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#averageBitRate" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'averageBitRate' in the Ontology for Media Resources, expressed 
            in kilobits/second. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="decimal"/ >
             <rdfs:domain >  <owl:Class >
                 <owl:intersectionOf rdf:parseType="Collection" >
                     <owl:Class rdf:about="#MediaResource"/ >
                     <owl:Class >
                         <owl:complementOf rdf:resource="#Image"/ >
                     </owl:Class >
                 </owl:intersectionOf >
             </owl:Class >  </rdfs:domain >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#collectionName" >
             <rdfs:comment >The name by which a collection (e.g. series) is known. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:subClassOf="label"/ >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Collection"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#copyright" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'copyright.copyright' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#creationDate" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'date.date' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'date.type' meaning 
            "creationDate". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#date"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#date" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to date.date in the ontology for Media Resources. 
            Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'date.type'. The recommended range is 'xsd:dateTime' 
            (for compliance with OWL2-QL and OWL2-RL) but other time-related datatypes may be used 
            (e.g. 'xsd:gYear', 'xsd:date'...). </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#description" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'description' in the Ontology for Media Resources. 
            This can be specialised by using sub-properties e.g. 'summary' or 'script'. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#duration" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'duration' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="decimal"/ >
             <rdfs:domain >  <owl:Class >
                 <owl:intersectionOf rdf:parseType="Collection" >
                     <rdf:Description rdf:about="#MediaResource"/ >
                     <owl:Class >
                         <owl:complementOf rdf:resource="#Image"/ >
                     </owl:Class >
                 </owl:intersectionOf >
             </owl:Class >  </rdfs:domain >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#editDate" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'date.date' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'date.type' meaning 
            "editDate". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#date"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#fragmentName" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'namedFragment.label' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaFragment"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#frameHeight" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'frameSize.height' in the Ontology for Media Resources, measured in 
            frameSizeUnit. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="integer"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#frameRate" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'frameRate' in the Ontology for Media Resources, in frame per second. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="decimal"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#frameSizeUnit" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'frameSize.unit' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#frameWidth" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'frameSize.width' in the Ontology for Media Resources measured in 
            frameSizeUnit. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="integer"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#locationAltitude" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'location.altitude' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Location"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="decimal"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#locationLatitude" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'location.latitude' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Location"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="decimal"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#locationLongitude" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'location.longitude' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Location"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="decimal"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#locationName" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'location.name' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Location"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#locator" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'locator' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="anyURI"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#mainOriginalTitle" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'title.title' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'title.type' meaning 
            "original". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#title"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#numberOfTracks" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'numTracks.number' in the Ontology for Media Resources. 
            Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'numTracks.type'. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="integer"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#ratingScaleMax" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'rating.max' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Rating"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="decimal"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#ratingScaleMin" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'rating.min' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Rating"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="decimal"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#ratingValue" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'rating.value' in the Ontology for Media Resources. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Rating"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="decimal"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#recordDate" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'date.date' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'date.type' meaning 
            "recordDate". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#date"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#releaseDate" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'date.date' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'date.type' meaning 
            "releaseDate". </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#date"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#samplingRate" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'samplingRate' in the Ontology for Media Resources, in samples per second. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
             <rdfs:range rdf:resource="decimal"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#title" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'title.title' in the Ontology for Media Resources. 
            Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'title.type'. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#MediaResource"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
         <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="#trackName" >
             <rdfs:comment >Corresponds to 'fragment.name' in the Ontology for Media Resources, for Track fragments. </rdfs:comment >
             <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="#fragmentName"/ >
             <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Track"/ >
         </owl:DatatypeProperty >
        
     </rdf:RDF >
    

    8 Turtle (TTL) ontology

    This section is informative

    The following is the Turtle (Terse RDF Triple Language) [Turtle] representation of the Media Ontology: the Ontology for Media Resources 1.0

     
                @prefix : <http://www.w3.org/ns/ma-ont#> .
        @prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .
        @prefix rdfs: <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> .
        @prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
        
        <http://www.w3.org/ns/ma-ont>     a owl:Ontology;
             <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/date> "2011-04-06"^^xsd:date;
             rdfs:comment "Created by Tobias Buerger, Jean Pierre Evain and Pierre-Antoine Champin with the RDFS Taskforce within the W3C Media Annotation Working Group.";
             owl:versionInfo "R34" .
        
        :Agent     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "A person or organisation contributing to the media resource.";
             owl:disjointWith :Collection,
                    :Location,
                    :MediaResource,
                    :Rating,
                    :TargetAudience .
        
        :AudioTrack     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "A specialisation of Track for Audio to provide a link to specific data properties such as sampleRate, etc. Specialisation is defined through object properties.";
             rdfs:subClassOf :Track .
        
        :Collection     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "Any group of media resource e.g. a series.";
             owl:disjointWith :Location,
                    :MediaResource,
                    :Rating,
                    :TargetAudience .
        
        :DataTrack     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment """Ancillary data track e.g. ¨captioning"  in addition to video and audio tracks. Specialisation is made through the use of appropriate object properties.""";
             rdfs:subClassOf :Track .
        
        :Image     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "A still image / thumbnail / key frame related to the media resource or being the media resource itself.";
             rdfs:subClassOf :MediaResource .
        
        :IsRatingOf     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :Location     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "A location related to the media resource, e.g. depicted in the resource (possibly fictional) or where the resource was created (shooting location), etc.";
             owl:disjointWith :MediaResource,
                    :Rating,
                    :TargetAudience .
        
        :MediaFragment     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "A media fragment (spatial, temporal, track...) composing a media resource. In other ontologies fragment is sometimes referred to as a 'part' or 'segment'.";
             rdfs:subClassOf :MediaResource .
        
        :MediaResource     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "An image or an audiovisual media resource, which can be composed of one or more fragment / track.";
             owl:disjointWith :Rating,
                    :TargetAudience .
        
        :Organisation     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "An organisation or moral agent.";
             rdfs:subClassOf :Agent;
             owl:disjointWith :Person .
        
        :Person     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "A physical person.";
             rdfs:subClassOf :Agent .
        
        :Rating     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "Information about the rating given to a media resource.";
             owl:disjointWith :TargetAudience .
        
        :TargetAudience     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "Information about The target audience (target region, target audience category but also parental guidance recommendation) for which a media resource is intended." .
        
        :Track     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "A specialisation of MediaFragment for audiovisual content.";
             rdfs:subClassOf :MediaFragment .
        
        :VideoTrack     a owl:Class;
             rdfs:comment "A specialisation of Track for Video to provide a link to specific data properties such as frameRate, etc. Signing is another possible example of video track. Specialisation is defined through object properties.";
             rdfs:subClassOf :Track .
        
        :alternativeTitle     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'title.title' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'title.type' meaning "alternative".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :title .
        
        :averageBitRate     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'averageBitRate' in the Ontology for Media Resources, expressed in kilobits/second.";
             rdfs:domain  [
                 a owl:Class;
                 owl:intersectionOf  (
                :MediaResource
                 [
                         a owl:Class;
                         owl:complementOf :Image ] ) ];
             rdfs:range xsd:decimal .
        
        :collectionName     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "The name by which a collection (e.g. series) is known.";
             rdfs:domain :Collection;
             rdfs:subClassOf  [
                 rdfs:subClassOf "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#label" ] .
        
        :copyright     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'copyright.copyright' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource .
        
        :createdIn     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """A subproperty of 'hasRelatedLocation" used to specify where material shooting took place.""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasRelatedLocation;
             owl:inverseOf :isCreationLocationOf .
        
        :creationDate     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'date.date' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'date.type' meaning "creationDate".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :date .
        
        :date     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to date.date in the ontology for Media Resources. Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'date.type'. The recommended range is 'xsd:dateTime' (for compliance with OWL2-QL and OWL2-RL) but other time-related datatypes may be used (e.g. 'xsd:gYear', 'xsd:date'...).";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource .
        
        :depictsFictionalLocation     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "A subproperty of 'hasRelatedLocation' used to specify where the action depicted in the media is supposed to take place, as opposed to the location where shooting actually took place (see 'createdIn').";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasRelatedLocation;
             owl:inverseOf :isFictionalLocationDepictedIn .
        
        :description     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'description' in the Ontology for Media Resources. This can be specialised by using sub-properties e.g. 'summary' or 'script'.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource .
        
        :duration     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'duration' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain  [
                 a owl:Class;
                 owl:intersectionOf  (
                :MediaResource
                 [
                         a owl:Class;
                         owl:complementOf :Image ] ) ];
             rdfs:range xsd:decimal .
        
        :editDate     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'date.date' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'date.type' meaning "editDate".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :date .
        
        :features     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'contributor.contributor' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'contributor.role' meaning "actor".""";
             rdfs:range :Person;
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasContributor;
             owl:inverseOf :playsIn .
        
        :fragmentName     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'namedFragment.label' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaFragment .
        
        :frameHeight     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'frameSize.height' in the Ontology for Media Resources, measured in frameSizeUnit.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range xsd:integer .
        
        :frameRate     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'frameRate' in the Ontology for Media Resources, in frame per second.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range xsd:decimal .
        
        :frameSizeUnit     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'frameSize.unit' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource .
        
        :frameWidth     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'frameSize.width' in the Ontology for Media Resources measured in frameSizeUnit.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range xsd:integer .
        
        :hasAccessConditions     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'policy' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'policy.type' "access conditions".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasPolicy .
        
        :hasAudioDescription     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' meaning "audio-description".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasCaptioning .
        
        :hasCaptioning     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' meaning "captioning". This property can for example point to a spatial fragment, a VideoTrack or a DataTrack. The language of the captioning track can be expressed by attaching a 'hasLanguage' property to the specific track.""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasFragment;
             owl:inverseOf :isCaptioningOf .
        
        :hasChapter     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' meaning "actor".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasFragment;
             owl:inverseOf :isChapterOf .
        
        :hasClassification     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'targetAudience.classification' in the Ontology for Media Resources. This property is used to provide a value characterising the target audience.";
             rdfs:domain :TargetAudience .
        
        :hasClassificationSystem     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'targetAudience.identifier' in the Ontology for Media Resources. This is used to identify the reference sheme against which the target audience has been characterised.";
             rdfs:domain :TargetAudience .
        
        :hasCompression     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'compression' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource .
        
        :hasContributedTo     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :hasContributor     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'contributor.contributor' in the Ontology for Media Resources. Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'contributor.role'.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range :Agent;
             owl:inverseOf :hasContributedTo .
        
        :hasCopyrightOver     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :hasCreated     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :hasCreator     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'creator.creator' in the Ontology for Media Resources. Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'creator.role'. Note that this property is semantically a subproperty of 'hasContributor'.";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasContributor;
             owl:inverseOf :hasCreated .
        
        :hasFormat     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'format' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource .
        
        :hasFragment     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources. Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'fragment.role'.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range :MediaFragment;
             owl:inverseOf :isFragmentOf .
        
        :hasGenre     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'genre' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource .
        
        :hasKeyword     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'keyword' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource .
        
        :hasLanguage     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'language' in the Ontology for Media Resources. The language used in the resource. A controlled vocabulary such as defined in BCP 47 SHOULD be used. This property can also be used to identify the presence of sign language (RFC 5646). By inheritance, the hasLanguage property applies indifferently at the media resource / fragment / track levels. Best practice recommends to use to best possible level of granularity fo describe the usage of language within a media resource including at fragment and track levels.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource .
        
        :hasLocationCoordinateSystem     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'location.coordinateSystem' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :Location .
        
        :hasMember     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :hasNamedFragment     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'namedFragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasFragment;
             owl:inverseOf :isNamedFragmentOf .
        
        :hasPermissions     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'policy' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a  'policy.type' meaning "permissions".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasPolicy .
        
        :hasPolicy     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'policy' in the Ontology for Media Resources. Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'policy.type'.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource .
        
        :hasPublished     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :hasPublisher     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'publisher' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasContributor;
             owl:inverseOf :hasPublished .
        
        :hasRating     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'rating' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range :Rating;
             owl:inverseOf :IsRatingOf .
        
        :hasRatingSystem     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'rating.type' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :Rating .
        
        :hasRelatedImage     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'relation' and in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'relation.type' meaning "related image".""";
             rdfs:range :Image;
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasRelatedResource;
             owl:inverseOf :isImageRelatedTo .
        
        :hasRelatedLocation     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'location' in the Ontology for Media Resources. Subproperties are provided to specify, when possible, the relation between the media resource and the location.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range :Location;
             owl:inverseOf :isLocationRelatedTo .
        
        :hasRelatedResource     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'relation' and in the Ontology for Media Resources. Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'relation.type'.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             owl:inverseOf :isRelatedTo .
        
        :hasSigning     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' meaning "signing". This property can for example point to a spatial fragment or a VideoTrack. The sign language of the captioning track can be expressed by attaching a 'hasLanguage' property to the specific track.""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasFragment;
             owl:inverseOf :isSigningOf .
        
        :hasSource     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'relation' and in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'relation.type' meaning "source".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasRelatedResource;
             owl:inverseOf :isSourceOf .
        
        :hasSubtitling     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' meaning "subtitling".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasCaptioning .
        
        :hasTargetAudience     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'targetAudience' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range :TargetAudience;
             owl:inverseOf :isTargetAudienceOf .
        
        :hasTrack     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'fragment' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'fragment.role' meaning "track".""";
             rdfs:range :Track;
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :hasFragment;
             owl:inverseOf :isTrackOf .
        :isCaptioningOf     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isChapterOf     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isCopyrightedBy     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'copyright.identifier' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range :Agent;
             owl:inverseOf :hasCopyrightOver .
        
        :isCreationLocationOf     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isFictionalLocationDepictedIn     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isFragmentOf     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isImageRelatedTo     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isLocationRelatedTo     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isMemberOf     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'collection' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range :Collection;
             owl:inverseOf :hasMember .
        
        :isNamedFragmentOf     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isProvidedBy     a owl:ObjectProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'rating.identifier' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :Rating;
             rdfs:range :Agent;
             owl:inverseOf :provides .
        
        :isRelatedTo     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isSigningOf     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isSourceOf     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isTargetAudienceOf     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :isTrackOf     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :locationAltitude     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'location.altitude' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :Location;
             rdfs:range xsd:decimal .
        
        :locationLatitude     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'location.latitude' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :Location;
             rdfs:range xsd:decimal .
        
        :locationLongitude     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'location.longitude' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :Location;
             rdfs:range xsd:decimal .
        
        :locationName     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'location.name' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :Location .
        
        :locator     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'locator' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range xsd:anyURI .
        
        :mainOriginalTitle     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'title.title' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'title.type' meaning "original".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :title .
        
        :numberOfTracks     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'numTracks.number' in the Ontology for Media Resources. Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'numTracks.type'.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range xsd:integer .
        
        :playsIn     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :provides     a owl:ObjectProperty .
        
        :ratingScaleMax     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'rating.max' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :Rating;
             rdfs:range xsd:decimal .
        
        :ratingScaleMin     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'rating.min' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :Rating;
             rdfs:range xsd:decimal .
        
        :ratingValue     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'rating.value' in the Ontology for Media Resources.";
             rdfs:domain :Rating;
             rdfs:range xsd:decimal .
        
        :recordDate     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'date.date' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'date.type' meaning "recordDate".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :date .
        
        :releaseDate     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment """Corresponds to 'date.date' in the Ontology for Media Resources with a 'date.type' meaning "releaseDate".""";
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :date .
        
        :samplingRate     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'samplingRate' in the Ontology for Media Resources, in samples per second.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource;
             rdfs:range xsd:decimal .
        
        :title     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'title.title' in the Ontology for Media Resources. Subproperties can be used to distinguish different values of 'title.type'.";
             rdfs:domain :MediaResource .
        
        :trackName     a owl:DatatypeProperty;
             rdfs:comment "Corresponds to 'fragment.name' in the Ontology for Media Resources, for Track fragments.";
             rdfs:domain :Track;
             rdfs:subPropertyOf :fragmentName .
        
    #ENDS
    

    A References (Normative)

    [Cablelabs 1.1] [3GP]
    CableLabs VOD Content Specification Version 1.1 3GPP Specifications . Available for download at http://www.cablelabs.com/specifications/MD-SP-VOD-CONTENT1.1-I05-060831.pdf . http://www.3gpp.org/specifications.
    [Cablelabs 2.0] 1.1]
    CableLabs VOD Content Specification Version 2.0 1.1 . Available for download at http://www.cablelabs.com/specifications/MD-SP-VOD-CONTENT2.0-I02-070105.pdf http://www.cablelabs.com/specifications/MD-SP-VOD-CONTENT1.1-I05-060831.pdf .
    [DIG35]
    DIG35 Specification - Metadata for Digital Image . April 2001. Available for download at http://www.bgbm.org/TDWG/acc/Documents/DIG35-v1.1WD-010416.pdf .
    [DMS-1]
    DMS-1 (SMPTE 380M-2004). April 2001. Available for download at http://www.smpte.org/standards .
    [Dublin Core]
    DCMI Metadata Terms . January 2008. Available for download at http://dublincore.org/documents/2008/01/14/dcmi-terms/ . The latest version of DCMI Metadata Terms is available at http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/ .
    [EBUCore]
    EBUCore v.1.0 . December 2008. Available for download at http://tech.ebu.ch/docs/tech/tech3293-2008.pdf . http://tech.ebu.ch/publications/tech3293.
    [EBU P-META] [EXIF]
    EBU P-META 2.0 Metadata Library . July 2007. Available at http://tech.ebu.ch/docs/tech/tech3295v2.pdf . [EXIF] EXIF 2.2 . Specification by JEITA , April 2002. Available for download at http://www.exif.org/Exif2-2.PDF .
    [FRBR] FRBR TBD . [HTML 5] [Flash]
    Hickson, I., and D. Hyatt. HTML 5. A vocabulary and associated APIs for HTML and XHTML Adobe Flash Video File Format Specification Version 10.1 . W3C Working Draft, June 2008. 2010. Available for download at http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/WD-html5-20080610/ . The latest version of HTML 5 is available at http://www.w3.org/TR/html5/ . http://download.macromedia.com/f4v/video_file_format_spec_v10_1.pdf.
    [LOM]
    Draft Standard for Learning Object Metadata . July 2002. Available for download at http://ltsc.ieee.org/wg12/files/LOM_1484_12_1_v1_Final_Draft.pdf .
    [MIX] MIX 1.0 . Available at http://www.loc.gov/standards/mix/ . [MWG Guidelines Image] [ID3]
    Guidelines for handling image metadata, version 1.0. . Metadata Working Group, September 2008. Available at http://www.metadataworkinggroup.com/pdf/mwg_guidance.pdf . [ID3] ID3 tag version 2.4.0 . February 1999. Available for download at http://www.id3.org/Developer_Information .
    [IPTC]
    IPTC Standard Photo Metadata 2008 . IPTC Core Specification Version 1.1, IPTC Extension Specification Version 1.0, Document Revision 2, June 2008. Available for download at http://www.iptc.org/std/photometadata/2008/specification/IPTC-PhotoMetadata-2008.pdf
    [IPTC NewsML]
    IPTC NewsML-G2 . Available for download at http://www.iptc.org/cms/site/ .
    [iTunes] [Media RSS]
    iTunes Metadata Specification . Available at http://connect.apple.com/ . [MediaMonkey] MediaMonkey Yahoo! Media RSS Module - RSS 2.0 Module . March 2008. Available for download at http://developer.yahoo.com/searchmonkey/smguide/searchmonkey-media-details.html http://video.search.yahoo.com/mrss .
    [METS] [MP4]
    Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard 1.7 . Available at http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/ . [Media RDF] Media RDF ISO/IEC 14496-14 MP4 file format . date 2003. Available for download at http://digitalbazaar.com/media/video . http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=38538.
    [Media RSS] [MPEG-7]
    Yahoo! Media RSS Module - RSS 2.0 Module . March 2008. Available at http://video.search.yahoo.com/mrss . [MPEG-7] Information technology Multimedia content description interface Part 10: Schema definition . Available for download at http://www.chiariglione.org/mpeg/working_documents/mpeg-07/schema_def/cd.zip .
    [MPEG-21] [OGG]
    MPGE 21 tbd. [QuickTime] Movie Atoms of QuickTime File Format Specification The Ogg container format . September 2007. Available at http://developer.apple.com/documentation/QuickTime/QTFF/QTFFChap2/qtff2.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40000939-CH204-BBCCFFGD . [RFC 2119] RFC 2119: Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels . Internet Engineering Task Force, 1997. download at http://www.xiph.org/ogg/.
    [RFC 3986] [OWL2 Profiles]
    Berners-Lee, T., R. Fielding, L. Masinter. Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax OWL 2 Web Ontology Language Profiles . RFC 3986, January 2005. W3C OWL Working Group. Available for download at http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-profiles/.
    [RFC 3987] [QuickTime]
    Dürst, M. and M. Suignard. Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs) Introduction to QuickTime File Format Specification . RFC 3987, January 2005. August 2010. Available for download at http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt. http://developer.apple.com/mac/library/documentation/QuickTime/QTFF/QTFFPreface/qtffPreface.html .
    [RFC 4281] [RDF]
    Gellens, R., Singer, D., and P. Frojdh. The Codecs Parameter for "Bucket" Media Types Resource Description Framework (RDF) . RFC 4281, November 2005. W3C RDF Working Group. Available for download at http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4281.txt. http://www.w3.org/RDF/ .
    [RFC 4646] [SMPTE]
    Phillips, A., Ed. and M. Davis, Ed. Tags for Identifying Languages SMPTE Metadata . RFC 4646, September 2006. Available for download at http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4646.txt. http://www.smpte-ra.org/mdd/RP210v11-pub-20080415.2048.xls .
    [SMPTE] [TTML]
    Glenn Adams. SMPTE Metadata Timed Text Markup Language (TTML) 1.0 . W3C Recommendation 18 November 2010. Available for download at http://www.smpte-ra.org/mdd/RP210v11-pub-20080415.2048.xls . http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/REC-ttaf1-dfxp-20101118/.
    [TXFeed]
    TXFeed standard 0.9 . December 2007. Available for download at http://clearerchannel.org/docs/tx_metadata_standard_0_9.pdf .
    [TV-Anytime]
    ETSI 102 822-3-1 V1.4.1 . November 2007. Broadcast and On-line Services: Search, select, and rightful use of content on personal storage systems("TV-Anytime"). Part 3: Metadata, Sub-part 1: Phase 1 - Metadata schemas .
    [VRA] [WebM]
    VRA Core 4.0 WebM Container Guidelines . Available for download at http://www.vraweb.org/projects/vracore4/index.html . http://www.webmproject.org/code/specs/container/.
    [XML Schema 2]
    Biron, P. V. and A. Malhotra. XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes Second Edition . W3C Recommendation, October 2004. Available for download at http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-xmlschema-2-20041028/ . The latest version of XML Schema Part 2 is available for download at http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/ .
    [XMP]
    XMP Specification Part 1 - Standard Schemas . Adobe, July 2010. Available for download at http://www.adobe.com/content/dam/Adobe/en/devnet/xmp/pdfs/XMPSpecificationPart1.pdf.

    XMP Specification Part 2 - Standard Schemas . Adobe, 2008. July 2010. Available for download at http://www.adobe.com/devnet/xmp/pdfs/XMPSpecificationPart2.pdf . http://www.adobe.com/content/dam/Adobe/en/devnet/xmp/pdfs/XMPSpecificationPart2.pdf.

    [YouTube Data API Protocol]
    YouTube Data API Protocol . April 2008. Available for download at http://code.google.com/intl/en/apis/youtube/2.0/reference.html .

    B References (Non-Normative)

    tbd
    [BCP 47]
    BCP 47 (Tags for Identifying Languages) , A. Phillips and M. Davis, Editors. Available for download at http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/bcp/bcp47.txt .
    [findtop10]
    Find the "top 10" of multimedia categories . Available for download at http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-media-annotation/2009Jun/0068.html .
    [FRBR]
    A URI space for vocabularies . October 2005. Available for download at http://vocab.org/frbr/core.html .
    [HTML 5]
    Hickson, I., and D. Hyatt. HTML 5. A vocabulary and associated APIs for HTML and XHTML . W3C Working Draft, April 2011. Available at http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-html5-20110405/ . The latest version of HTML 5 is available for download at http://www.w3.org/TR/html5/ .
    [jpsearch]
    Mario Dller, Florian Stegmaier, Harald Kosch, Ruben Tous, and Jaime Delgado, "Standardized Interoperable Image Retrieval", ACM Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC), Track on Advances in Spatial and Image-based Information Systems (ASIIS), 2010 .
    [KEUO]
    J. Strassner, "Knowledge Engineering Using Ontologies", Handbook of Network and System Administration, edited by J. Bergstra and M. Burgess, Chapter 3, Section 4, pages 425-457, ISBN 9780444521989 .
    [MediaFragment]
    R. Troncy, E. Mannens, Silvia Pfeiffer, Davy Van Deursen Eds Media Fragments URI 1.0 . W3C Recommendation 18 November 2010. Available for download at http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-media-frags-20100624.
    [MIME]
    Freed, N., Borenstein, N. Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part Two: Media Types . November 1996. Available for download at http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2046.txt .
    [MPEG-21]
    ISO/IEC TR 21000-1:2001 - Information technology -- Multimedia framework (MPEG-21) -- Part 1: Vision, Technologies and Strategy . Available for download at http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_ics/catalogue_detail_ics.htm?csnumber=30819 .
    [MWG Guidelines Image]
    Guidelines for handling image metadata 1.0. . Metadata Working Group, September 2008. Available for download at http://www.metadataworkinggroup.com/pdf/mwg_guidance.pdf .
    [PLING]
    PLING W3C Open Forum The W3C Policy Languages Interest Group - PLING - is an open forum to discuss use cases, languages, and frameworks around information governance policies.
    [RFC 2119]
    RFC 2119: Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels . Internet Engineering Task Force, 1997.
    [RFC 3986]
    Berners-Lee, T., R. Fielding, L. Masinter. Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax . RFC 3986, January 2005. Available for download at http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt
    [RFC 3987]
    Drst, M. and M. Suignard. Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs) . RFC 3987, January 2005. Available for download at http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt.
    [RFC 4151]
    T. Kindberg and S. Hawke. The 'tag' URI Scheme . RFC 4151, October 2005. Available for download at http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4151.txt.
    [RFC 4281]
    Gellens, R., Singer, D., and P. Frojdh. The Codecs Parameter for "Bucket" Media Types . RFC 4281, November 2005. Available for download at http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4281.txt.
    [RFC 4646]
    Phillips, A., Ed. and M. Davis, Ed. Tags for Identifying Languages . RFC 4646, September 2006. Available for download at http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4646.txt.
    [Turtle]
    David Beckett, Tim Berners-Lee W3C Ed. Turtle - Terse RDF Triple Language . 28 March 2011. Available for download at http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2011/SUBM-turtle-20110328/.
    [WebSRT]
    Ian Hickson Ed. HTML5-WebSRT . 11 January 2011. Available for download at http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/#websrt-0.

    C Acknowledgements (Non-Normative)

    This document is the work of the W3C Media Annotations Working Group .

    Members of the Working Group are (at the time of writing, and by alphabetical order): Werner Bailer (K-Space), (JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH), Tobias Bürger (University of Innsbruck), ((public) Invited expert), Eric Carlson (Apple, Inc.), Pierre-Antoine Champin ((public) Invited expert), Ashish Chawla ((public) Invited expert), Jaime Delgado (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Jean-Pierre EVAIN ((public) Invited expert), (European Broadcasting Union (EBU-UER)), Martin Hoeffernig (JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH), Philip Jägenstedt (Opera Software), Courtney Kennedy (Apple, Inc.), Ralf Klamma ((public) Invited expert), WonSuk Lee (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI)), (Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.), Véronique Malaisé (Vrije Universiteit), Erik Mannens (IBBT), Bennett Marks (Nokia), Hui Miao (Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.), Thierry Michel (W3C/ERCIM), Frank Nack (University of Amsterdam), Soohong Daniel Park (Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.), Silvia Pfeiffer (W3C Invited Experts), Chris Poppe (IBBT), Yannick Prié ((public) Invited expert), Víctor Rodríguez (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Felix Sasaki (Potsdam University of Applied Sciences), David Singer (Apple, Inc.), Joakim Söderberg (ERICSSON), Florian Stegmaier ((public) Invited expert), John Strassner ((public) Invited expert), Mari Carmen Suarez-Figueroa (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid), Thai Wey Then (Apple, Inc.), Ruben Tous (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Raphaël Troncy (CWI), Vassilis Tzouvaras (K-Space), (INSTITUT TELECOM), Davy Van Deursen (IBBT).

    The people who have contributed to discussions on public-media-annotation@w3.org are also gratefully acknowledged.